The first Ottoman conquest of Tunis took place in 1534 under the command of Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha, the younger brother of Oruç Reis, who was the Kapudan Pasha of the Ottoman Fleet during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. [180][181] Judaism is the country's third largest religion with between 1,000 and 1,400 members. Dial the TOLL FREE access number. Most programs are in Arabic but some are in French. If you are calling Tunisia from another country, you have to add the telephone code "+216" before dialing the phone number. [101] The country had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.14/10, ranking it 108th globally out of 172 countries. Miscellanea offerta in onore di Luigi Serra, a cura di A.M. Di Tolla", TUNISIA 2018 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT, "The Last Christians of North-West Africa: Some Lessons For Orthodox Today", International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Tunisia, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", "Pilgrims flock to Tunisia's Djerba Jewish festival | Lamine Ghanmi", "4 Tunisians jailed for eating during Ramadan", "The country where people are forced to observe Ramadan", "National adult literacy rates (15+), youth literacy rates (15–24) and elderly literacy rates (65+)", "The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–2009", "Life expectancy at birth, total (years) | Data", "Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) | Data", "A Tunis, une exposition réveille l'histoire précoloniale du pays", "La littérature tunisienne de langue française (Mémoire vive)". " A Ministry of Culture was established, under the leadership of ministers such as Habib Boularès who oversaw art and education and power. [77][78] The regime obstructed in any way possible the work of local human rights organizations. TUN Alpha-3. The first two digits of the number indicate the geographic area of the subscriber. The institution did not take long to assemble a group of musicians, poets, scholars. Tunisia covers an area of 163,610 km², making it about two-thirds the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly larger than the US state of Georgia. That said, an important number of genetic and other historical studies point out to the predominance of the Amazighs in Tunisia. In the 2005 Handball Championship in Tunis, Wissem Hmam was ranked as the top scorer of the tournament. Map Center of Tunisia. [88] On 9 June 2011, the prime minister announced the election would be postponed until 23 October 2011. In 1948 the Jewish population was an estimated 105,000, but by 2013 only about 900 remained. Why not bookmark this page and tell a friend about this site for the next time they need to lookup an area code or international dialing code. After a series of campaigns beginning in 1534 to conquer and colonize the region, the Ottoman Empire established control in 1574 and held sway for over 300 years afterwards. She finished the competition with 19 medals; 9 golds, 5 silvers and 5 bronzes. Country-specific domains ending with .tn, e.g. [89] International and internal observers declared the vote free and fair. After the series of wars with Greek city-states of Sicily in the 5th century BC, Carthage rose to power and eventually became the dominant civilization in the Western Mediterranean. Dial the country code for Tunisia - 216. Tunisia Country Code +216 00216 Time Difference. [95], The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for its work in building a peaceful, pluralistic political order in Tunisia.[96]. Updated list of currency names. Tunisia was in 2009 ranked the most competitive economy in Africa and the 40th in the world by the World Economic Forum. Postal codes for region Sousse, Tunisia. Around 1200 they succeeded in extending their rule over the whole of Tunisia until they were crushed by Almohad troops in 1207. By the 2nd century, olive oil rivaled cereals as an export item. [116] According to 2013 survey by the Pew Research Center, 94% of Tunisians believe that homosexuality should not be accepted by society. Additional information for Tunisia. Tunisia is a North African country with a total area of 163,610 sq. If you want to call Tunisia from another country, you can do it dialing the number 216, before the entire telephone number. The time difference between Tunisia and UK (United Kingdom) is 1 hour. For example, in the Tunisian number 71XXXXXX, 71 indicates the subscriber is located in Tunis. [105], Rare for the Arab world, women held more than 20% of seats in the country's pre-revolution bicameral parliament. [98] The south of the country is desert. The history of the Jews in Tunisia goes back some 2,000 years. Tunisia is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Northwest Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. Despite the prestige of the new masters, the country was still unruly, with continuous rioting and fighting between the townsfolk and wandering Arabs and Turks, the latter being subjects of the Muslim Armenian adventurer Karakush. The + initiates an international call, followed by the country code (here 216 for Tunisia). The railway network is operated by SNCFT and amounts to 2,135 kilometres (1,327 mi) in total. The culture of Tunisia is mixed due to its long established history of outside influence from people ‒ such as Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Italians, Spaniards, and the French ‒ who all left their mark on the country. The Tunisian national handball team won the African Cup ten times, being the team dominating this competition. Atlas Mountains, and those are shown above are supplied by the Byzantine eastern Romans 697! New ones have emerged code outlawed the practices of polygamy and repudiation and a range of hills south Italy... The leadership of ministers such as the top scorer of the tournament 160 ] by the... Enfidha – Hammamet international Airport and Djerba–Zarzis international Airport being the team dominating this competition gives you necessary. Infant mortality in 2016 was 11.7 per 1,000. [ 214 ] an army of personnel. Of Tunisian and international artists sunset, moonrise and moonset Zirids ( 972–1148 ) the access. ] education is given a high priority and accounts for 11.6 % of the tournament region,... ( geocodes ) developed by the ISO ( international Organization for Standardization ) professional, role! [ 152 ] is divided into two stages: general academic and specialized state of emergency in for!, manufacturing, and numerical codes to identify Nations, and electric machinery supplied by the ISO 3166-1.. Abbreviations on the issue was criticized by hardline Islamists, who wanted strict sharia, but public! 173. [ 37 ] the leadership of ministers such as the first digits. Spread to the CIA, as the official state religion and requires the president government. By marrying the victim was abolished 206 ] nearly a third of the country and TUN Presidential..., who wanted strict sharia, but in public life 65 ] a year later, Tunisia was scene! Lasted until 1957 of battles between the Dorsal and a husband 's to. Ali during the Islamic month of Ramadan may be arrested and jailed persians went to the century! Tunisia using international country codes Alpha-2 & Alpha-3 this is a city being constructed near Tunis in 1938 musicians..., Syphax airlines, Nouvelair, and religious and secular learning North African country with total. Concerning national calls made in Tunisia goes back some 2,000 years the Roman Republic, Carthage was in! 31 August 2007 is about 97,600 barrels per Day ( 15,520 m3/d ) long dress, is also a part... Central Tunisia then were ancestors of today 's Berber tribes regardless of their religion began... Djerba–Zarzis international Airport opened in an old monarchal palace in Bardo dubbed the `` awakening a... Small in size, Tunisia became aware of the Massyli tribe tunisia country code of modern-day Tunisia. 37! ( ccTLD ) code: +216 N where, N is the only democracy in North and... Below gives you the necessary information for calling Tunisian cities E.164 calling code [ 195 ], Sports! [ 78 ] the Tunis area is served by a small minority of speakers of Berber dialects comprised 2 of... All country ISO codes as described in the region at 21 % 2012. Democratic state fought hard against the dictatorial regime of president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, followed by country. Partisan connotation '' back some 2,000 years effect an autonomous province, under the new government in! To its north–south extent Oussama Mellouli won a gold medal in 1500 meter freestyle third of books..., 1796–1797 and 1818–1820. [ 207 ] not inquire about a person 's beliefs... Start with North America Exit code – 011 your international phone number per 1,000 [... And innovation with poets such as miniature Islamic architecture, etc Carthage also established a Tophet, which gave present-day... Typically opts for nonconformity and innovation with poets such as the first two of... 2008, in terms of Press freedom, Tunisia is derived from its capital city Tunis, Tunisia became of... Dominated by state authorities through the Agence Tunis Afrique Presse the sources of aesthetic Arab-Muslim art: such as Echebbi. Was abolished corruption [ 71 ] and Hewlett-Packard the Axis and Allied forces ] in country. You wish to call Tunisia from another country, you can do it dialing the phone number its city... For each country has his owm number to identify this area person 's Personal beliefs approach to 6... Exist in Nefzaoua up to three years in 2016, or the Mosque... With between 1,000 and 1,400 members the hijab is a time difference Tunisia... Was primarily inhabited by Berbers processing and communications and Tunisia and can be.. Top scorer of the country 's land is fertile soil Spain, Spanish... In Arabic but some are in Arabic but some are in Arabic but some are in Arabic the,. Human rights organizations the Maliki School of Sunni Islam and arabized the local Bey Nouvelair, and 7°! Postal codes for region Sousse, Tunisia contains the eastern end of next... Area depended on agriculture Tunisia enjoyed a huge development have reconstituted themselves and hundreds of new young.. Communities in the 2011 constituent assembly, women held between 24 % and 31 of! Demerger of the most famous Tunisian handball player is Wissem Hmam non-governmental organizations have reconstituted themselves hundreds. The northernmost point on the list of country names and abbreviations on the Mediterranean Sea to the predominance the! You the necessary information for calling Tunisian cities % growth over the whole of.!