Dalhousie’s policy of annexation came as a shock to the princely order of India. Utilitarian saw the improvement in India through the maintaining good policies. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. The poverty of the people gradually increased. When the British conquered a kingdom, the ministers, courtiers, officers and soldiers of that state lost their jobs. To quote him again: “Nor was it only by the innovations of moral progress that the hierarchies of India were alarmed and offended. Controversy of the Enfield Rifle. These of the adopted sons of the dead rulers who lost their thrones or pensions became the sworn enemies of British. What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. But at the time of Dalhousie, the converts were given that right by law. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. In that year there were a series of uprising which were known by British historians as ‘the Indian mutiny’ and by Indian historians as ‘The War of Independence’ these different names for the same event show how history can be a matter of interpretation. It was far more than a mutiny…. “Our religion is in the Kitchen. In the right time, they came forward to create discontent in the minds of their countrymen. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE  Describe immediate causes of the revolt of 1857.Although the revolt began as a military rising and it appears to be a great sequel in the long series of a number of mutinies, its causes were deeply rooted in the changing conditions of the times. TAMIL NADU NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL 3.1 Lack of Societal Alternative Many higher caste sepoys, therefore did not want to go only sea voyages or outside their country. ….Stanley Wolpert . He knew that superstitions had destroyed much of Hindu spiritually. Thus, there developed a religious grievance against the British rule. The traders were also paid less. This ‘Discrimination’ was a major underlying cause of the rebellion of 1857. But the Government made it compulsory for all to go to any place outside India, when necessary. Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the dead Peshawa, lost his pension and privileges and become a relentless foe of the British. (ii) The people of India did not like the activites of Christian missionaries. In the post-Revolt period, to maintain supremacy in India, British followed the policy of communal disharmony. So, when an opportunity came, the landlords, Taluqdars and the common subject took up arms against the Government wherever they could. Almost from the beginning of the British rule, the Christian missionaries tried to preach Christianity among the people. The Belur Math near Calcutta became the center of the Ramakrishna Mission. Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. However, they could not prove it. Interests of the peasantry, craftsmen and some of the Indian feudal lords were infringed. Fifthly, in his attempts to modernize the Hindu, Vivekananda taught the values of modern science side with the philosophies of the Vedas and Upanishads. While discontent against the British rule was growing among the different section of the populations, the Indian sepoys in the British army were getting restless. His aggressive attitude towards the old and famous royal houses led to serious political discontent among the princes and the people alike. Those Hindus who embraced Christianity was not allowed to inherit their paternal property. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. The religious sentiments of Muslims and Hindus were greatly hurt by such stories. Apart from these reasons some others … Therefore he proclaimed: “I would rather see every one of you rank atheists than superstitious fools: for the atheist is alive, and you can make something of him. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. Their manner and behavior greatly displeased the orthodox people. It is true that it was India’s actual or official rebel against the prevailing British Raj it is also true that the revolt was not formed because of one single factor, many small but significant factors led to the Revolt of the 1857. This came as a shock for the British and as an inspiration for the Indians. Privacy Policy Indian people began the uprising because they were cruelly exploited by the British colonialists. As a result, the Indian … They denied the use of the fat of caws or pigs only cartridge. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. The poor peasants also did not gain any economic benefit from the British rule. However, the uprising spread very quickly all over the northern and central regions of India and soon the rebellion by the civilian population started in a significant number of military towns of India such as Allahabad, Cawnpore, Delhi, Lucknow, Meerut, Peshawar and many other towns. 2. However, the Indian people had a negative attitude towards the active interference of the British people in their lives and saw the British actions as an assault on ancient traditions and customs. A social discontent began to grow. Besides that, very few English soldiers were stationed at many vital places like Delhi or Allahabad. 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