The goal of this study is to evaluate our clinical results after medial capsulo-ligamentar plan reinsertion, radial head replacement and lateral collateral ligament reinsertion, through a lateral approach. Management of Terrible Triad Injuries of the Elbow The Duke Orthopaedic Journal, July 2014-June 2015;5(1):28-34 29 DOJ the body internally rotates about the hand. 2: Mathew PK, Athwal GS, King GJ. }, author={J. Pipicelli and S. Chinchalkar and R. Grewal and G. Athwal}, journal={Techniques in hand & … Peter Trafton, Michael Baumgaertner. DOI: 10.1097/BTH.0b013e31822911fd Corpus ID: 34529086. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. Elbow Trauma Rehabilitation Protocol Includes post ORIF, or conservatively managed trauma when active ROM indicated N.B. PubMed PMID: 20449590; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3103950. Management of Terrible Triad Injury of the Elbow and their Functional Outcomes @inproceedings{Kulkarni2015ManagementOT, title={Management of Terrible Triad Injury of the Elbow and their Functional Outcomes}, author={V. Kulkarni and Sagar Saxena and S. Kulkarni and P. Shah and Priyanshu Dixit and Pradhyumn Rathi}, year={2015} } concepts. The management of the terrible triad variant and chal­well into the entire length of the trochlea and split the troch­ lenges involved are also described. Luckily, elbow specialists have come up with sound strategies to restore the best possible stability and function to the elbow joint after a terrible triad. concepts. Initial management of the “terrible triad” should consist of a gentle closed reduction under intravenous sedation or general anesthesia. Management. 3: … our knowledge of elbow instability and its management. An elbow dislocation associated with a radial head and coronoid fractures is termed a terrible triad. Outcomes after terrible triads of the elbow treated with the current surgical . Skill level. Management of elbow stiffness after postoperative treatment of terrible triad elbow injury: maintaining mobility and stability using a combined protocol. We present the case of a unique association of the two injuries with an elbow dislocation, radial and coronoid process fractures and a distal radioulnar joint dislocation due to an interosseous membrane rupture. Refer displaced fractures for surgery. 'Terrible triad' is a term used to describe a severe complex dislocation with intra-articular fractures of the radial head and coronoid process. Elbow dislocation associated with both radial head and coronoid fractures, termed the “terrible triad injury” (TTI) by Hotchkiss [1], was notoriously challenging for decades because of the difficulties inherent in treatment and the consistently poor prognosis [2-4]. 2009 Mar;17(3):137- 51. Review. Open all credits. 1 Tyler Vovos MS, 2 Daniel J Blizzard MD MS, 3 Grant Garrigues MD. Authors of section Editors. Support the arm with collar and cuffs or a standard arm sling. Terrible triad injury of the elbow: current . Elbow instability adam watts 1. Terrible triad injuries of the elbow, defined as elbow dislocation with associated fractures to the radial head and coronoid, are associated with stiffness, pain, and loss of motion. Management of a fracture-dislocation injury of the elbow is difficult and usually associated with a high rate of complications. Improved experience, techniques, and implants have advanced to the point where restoration of elbow stability can be expected. Immobilise the elbow in a long arm posterior splint with the elbow in 60-90° flexion, well moulded posteriorly. Terrible triad injuries account for approximately 30% of all elbow dislocations. Outcomes after terrible triads of the elbow treated with the current surgical . Int Orthop. This is useful from a number of standpoints: it improves the patient's pain, reduces tension on soft-tissue structures, decreases swelling, and allows for postreduction radiographs that are usually easier to interpret and base treatment decisions on. ABSTRACT. Elbow instability Adam C Watts Consultant Elbow and Upper Limb Surgeon, Wrightington Hospital Visiting Professor, University of Manchester 1 2. www.wrightington.com 2 3. www.wrightington.com Approach to instability Understand anatomy Pattern recognition Algorithm for management 3 4. Skill level. Equipment. Definite treatment protocols may improve the clinical results of such complex injuries. protocols. Pre-operatively on the ward • Discuss post -operative rehab ’ Elbow dislocations are staged depending on the disruption of the following stabilizers: the ulnohumeral articulation, MCL, and LCL. lea in the coronal plane, hinging on the lateral collateral liga­ ment (Figure 2). Cui HM(1), Yu YL(1), He Y(2), Cheng Y(1), Liu JZ(1)(3), Zheng W(1), Chen S(1), Fan CY(4). The primary goal of surgery is to stabilize the elbow to permit early motion to prevent stiffness. Strategies for management of a terrible triad. Share. PubMed PMID: 19264707. PubMed PMID: 20449590; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3103950. Epub 2010 May 8. Review. The term “terrible triad of the elbow” describes the combination of a traumatic elbow dislocation, radial head fracture, and associated coronoid fracture. Main indications. Background: Terrible triad injuries of the elbow are complex injuries to treat and we report our outcomes following surgical management. Rehabilitation considerations in the management of terrible triad injury to the elbow. A review. Terrible triad injury of the elbow (TTIE), comprising elbow dislocation with radial head and coronoid process fracture, is notoriously challenging to treat and has typically been associated with complications and poor outcomes. The terrible triad of the elbow is a difficult injury with historically poor outcomes. In non-displaced fractures, splint for 5-7 days, remove and repeat X-ray to confirm non-displacement. @article{Pipicelli2011RehabilitationCI, title={Rehabilitation considerations in the management of terrible triad injury to the elbow. Management of Terrible Triad Injuries of the Elbow . Objective Terrible triad injury of the elbow (TTIE), comprising elbow dislocation with radial head and coronoid process fracture, is notoriously challenging to treat and has typically been associated with complications and poor outcomes. Terrible triad. Main indications. For terrible triads, or ORIF + ligament reconstruction, please also refer to ligament repair protocols. 2011 Jun;35(6):851-60. Terrible triad of the Elbow 1. Select Management. The mechanism of injury usually involves a fall with the arm in semiflexion, supination of the forearm and an elbow in a valgus position (1). Protection of the ligament repair is essential. Materials And Methods: … This injury almost always renders the elbow unstable requiring surgical intervention. Management of Terrible Triad Injury of the Elbow and their Functional Outcomes. Corpus ID: 31597300. The coronoid plays a pivotal role as an anterior buttress, yet the optimal management of the coronoid fracture remains unknown. Characteristics/Clinical Presentation Executive Editors. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2: Mathew PK, Athwal GS, King GJ. Careful attention to each destabilizing element of the injury pattern is essential and places high demands on the surgeon's mastery of the anatomic… ) Terrible triad injury of the elbow is a complex injury that is classically defined as elbow dislocation along with fractures of the coronoid process of the ulna and the radial head. The terrible triad of the elbow remains a challenging injury that consists of a dislocation of the elbow with fractures of the radial head and coronoid process of the ulna. [MODIFIED CLASSIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT OF TERRIBLE TRIAD OF ELBOW]. In the realm of orthopaedics, the terrible triad of the elbow is infamous, not simply because the prognosis is poor for most patients, but also, maybe to a greater extent, because the unique name of this malady attracts considerable attention and interest in both doctors and patients. This chapter focuses on the evaluation, treatment options, published outcomes, and complications of terrible triad injuries of the elbow. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of modified classification of terrible triad of the elbow and the effectiveness of treatment strategy which was chosen by modified classification results. protocols. Terrible triad injury of the elbow: current . The terrible triad is the combination of a posterior dislocation of the elbow, radial head and coronoid process fractures. Int Orthop. Choose treatment. Epub 2010 May 8. Review. Hinged external fixation following ORIF. Trans-olecranon fracture-dislocations are best treated surgically with stable anatomic restoration of the trochlear notch. The terrible triad injury of the elbow, dislocation of the ulnohumeral joint with fractures of the coronoid process and radial head, is difficult to treat and has a historically poor outcome. [Article in Chinese] Zhang Y, Liu S, Zhou H, Qin X, Zhang X. Anatomy, Definition, and Treatment of the “Terrible Triad of the Elbow” and Contemplation of the Rationality of this Designation Ke Xiao, PhD; Jia Zhang, MD; Tao Li, MD; Yu-lei Dong, MD; Xi-sheng Weng, MD Orthopaedic Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China A … [ 3 – 8 , 25 ] Pugh et al [ 3 ] repaired the MCL in 6 (17%) of 36 patients with terrible triad elbow injuries, and only in cases where the patients showed residual posterior instability after repair. The “terrible triad injury” of the elbow, as named by Hotchkiss, is the combination of an elbow dislocation, a radial head fracture and a coronoid process fracture The main objective in the management of such injuries is to restore the stabilizing bony structures of the elbow to convert a complex dislocation of the elbow joint into a simple one. [3] They more commonly occur in adult men, with a peak incidence during the 4th decade of life. Peter Kloen, David Ring. Concurrent ipsilateral injuries to the wrist, interosseous membrane of the forearm, and shoulder have been described. 2011 Jun;35(6):851-60. A review. Terrible triad of the elbow and the Essex-Lopresti injury are both rare lesions with a historically poor clinical outcome. Vidisha S Kulkarni, Sagar Saxena, Sunil G Kulkarni, Parag Shah, Priyanshu Dixit, Pradhyumn Rathi Abstract Background: This study is to report our experience in the management of terrible triad injury of the elbow and to validate the therapeutic choices of our treatment. Open reduction internal fixation. Terrible triad injuries consist of a posterior dislocation of the elbow, a coronoid fracture, and a radial head fracture. Legend Definition skills and equipment level. MCL avulsion is likely to be present in many terrible triad injuries, and there is no consensus as to the need for a medial exposure in a terrible triad injury. 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