Host Plant: Woody shrubs and occasionally herbs including dogwood, New Jersey tea, meadowsweet, and Collinsia Nectar Source: Dogwood, dogbane, privet, New Jersey tea, … Get the Latest Buzz Larval Host Plants for Butterflies and Moths Use plants that are appropriate to your landscape conditions, emphasizing plants that are native to your region. New Jersey tea is also a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure, summer azure, and mottled duskwing (a type of skipper), as well as a few moth species. The white flowers grow in a flat-topped cluster. You will find New Jersey tea thriving in full sun to shade in sandy woods, dry prairies, rocky hillsides, mixed deciduous forests and of course landscapes. During the American Revolution, people growing New Jersey tea plants used the dried leaves as a caffeine-free tea substitute. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Woody stems are terete and variably colored – usually some shade of yellowish tan, brown, or gray. Coneflower Perennial (N) Botanical Name Common Name Type of Plant Eupatorium spp. It has lovely green foliage and grows upright to a maximum of 3 feet tall. Growing New Jersey tea is easy because the plants are very adaptable. Ovate, toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4″ long). This plant can be used in herbal medicine and as a dye. Plant two to three feet apart to create a low-growing, drought-tolerant native hedge. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a semi-woody plant of sandplains and occasionally rocky outcroppings. It has a much longer flowering period than the perennial milkweeds that are winter hardy in Michigan. Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). In Missouri this species is mostly restricted to the western part of the state where it is relatively uncommon. It has lovely green foliage and grows upright to a maximum of 3 feet tall. It is listed as rare or threatened in some of its northeastern range. Interesting story (on Facebook) about New Jersey tea as a host plant for Summer Azure caterpillars. Hummingbirds, butterflies and bees are attracted to the flowers. The New Jersey tea plant (Ceanothus americanus) is native to the continent, though not just to New Jersey. New Jersey Tea was used as a tea substitute during the Revolutionary War - The tea is said to have antimicrobial properties, making it good to include with other herbs as an herbal tea. The clusters of white flowers bloom in the spring and are close to 2 inches long on the ends of the branches. Plants can be poisonous to livestock. New Jersey Tea is attractive to hummingbirds, which eat the tiny insects that pollinate the flowers. Remember that plant diversity is crucial. Thick, woody, red roots go deep and help plant withstand droughty conditions, but make established shrubs difficult to transplant. Will tolerate light shade and some soil dryness. Several moth species utilize it as a larval host plant. New Jersey tea is a plant for that full-sun area of your yard where nothing seems to grow well without constant watering and fertilizer. hardy once established, can reseed. How to grow New Jersey Tea. In fact, New Jersey tea shrub care is minimal. This deciduous shrub is native to North America. Southern Weed Science Society. Do you want more New Jersey tea information? It is hardy in zones 4 to 9 and prefers light well-drained soils. As with other Ceanothus shrubs, they attract hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. Host plant for Spring and Summer Azure and Eastern Tailed Blue butterflies. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County. Plant the adaptable native New Jersey tea for its landscape and pollinator appeal. Bees and butterflies frequent New Jersey Tea, and the twigs are fed on by rabbits and deer. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a beautiful native flowering shrub rarely seen in the U.S. East, but it’s a valuable landscaping plant because it stays low without pruning and thrives in dry, lean or rocky soils. Stems and leaves exude a milky sap when cut or bruised. Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. Drupes are very attractive, but are largely hidden by the foliage until the leaves drop. You should have a mixture of host plants and nectar-rich flowering plants if you want to increase the variety of butterflies in your landscape. The deep purple flower spikes rise above the silver-gray foliage to create a striking bloom display in June. Grown in one quart pot with approximately 6” of top growth. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. Creating a list of host plants is the first step towards planning a butterfly garden. Monarch butterflies lay eggs on this plant and the resulting larvae (caterpillars) use the plant leaves as a food source. Even committed tea drinkers may not have heard of this shrub. The right host plant is a matter of life or death for a caterpillar — if you pluck one off a parsley plant and place it on, say, an aster, it’ll starve to death. The reference sources listed below were used to discern the geographic range and New Jersey tea did get its common name because its leaves were used for tea … Native to North America. All of our plants are grown without the use of harmful pesticides and are safe for developing larvae. The margins are often revolute (curved downward) as well. The clusters of white flowers bloom in the spring and are close to 2 inches long on the ends of the branches. The leaf blades are 1¾-4″ long and ¼-¾” across; they are narrowly lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-elliptic in shape and smooth to slightly crenate along their margins. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. Host plant for monarch June-August Wild bergamot/ beebalm (Monarda fistulosa) Pink/lavender flowers, grows 2 to 4 feet tall. Of all the milkweeds this is the easiest and fastest to establish, yet it is known to be invasive and must be used with care. Tropical Milkweed, also known as Blood flower, is a tender evergreen perennial in the dogbane and milkweed family. Young woody stems are often short-pubescent, but they become glabrous with age. Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. This is a lovely, and very long lived shrub of the prairie. The larva (caterpillar) of the spicebush swallowtail butterfly feeds on the leaves of this shrub.Lindera is named for the Swedish botanist, Johann Lindler. Host Plant – Eastern Tailed Blue / Spring Azure / Summer Azure. Created on: 25 Apr 2020; Updated on: 09 Jun 2020 If New Jersey could have its New Jersey Tea restored, in the process New Jersey itself might return to its full, place-based character and identity. Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. This extremely adaptable species can withstand inhospitable conditions because of massive, deep roots. Grows best in light, rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Joe-Pye-Weed, Boneset, Mistflower Perennial … South Central Wildlife Guide: Identifying Wildlife In The South Central U.S. DIY Christmas Fairy Gardens – Fairy Garden Ideas For Christmas, Christmas Tree Alternatives: Making A Boxwood Tabletop Tree, DIY Flower Pot Christmas Tree: Making A Terra Cotta Christmas Tree, Overwintering Staghorn Ferns: Growing Staghorn Ferns In Winter, Zone 9 Lawn Grass – Growing Grass In Zone 9 Landscapes, Thryallis Shrub Care – How To Grow Thryallis Plants, Nodding Lady’s Tresses Info: Growing Nodding Lady’s Tresses Plants, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. According to New Jersey tea information, new twigs grow in yellow and are attractive in winter. New Jersey Tea is excellent as a shrub border and a is a fabulous addition for native plant gardens. It is native to South America, but has naturalized worldwide in many tropical and subtropical areas. This plant can reach up to 3' tall with a 2' spread. Clusters of tiny, apetulous, aromatic, greenish-yellow flowers bloom along the branches in early spring before the foliage emerges. Host plant for Spring and Summer Azure and Eastern Tailed Blue butterflies. Ceonothus americanus New Jersey Tea Shrub (N) Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Shrub (N) Cercis spp. What is a New Jersey tea plant’s relationship to tea? New Jersey tea. The white flower poms are attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators. Best in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. In summer, plants are adorned with many white rounded flower panicles. A deciduous shrub that grows just 3′ tall, the dried leaves of New Jersey Tea make a flavorful tea that was popular during the Revolutionary War. It is best planted in gardens located within USDA Zones 4 to 8, and it bears clusters of white flowers at the start of summer. This Michigan native occurs throughout most of the United States and thrives in almost any well drained soil and produces a profusion of fragrant mauve colored flowers in midsummer. Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea. This small-scale shrub grows 3 to 4 feet tall and a bit wider. It’s a compact bush with leaves used to make tea several hundred years ago. Butterflies are attracted. Leaf bases are round to slightly cordate, while their tips are slender and pointed. New Jersey Tea (Ceonothus americanus) plant is excellent for attracting hummingbirds. You can easily grow them in well-drained soils in either full sun or part shade. Plant seeds in the fall. Female plants need a male pollinator in order to set fruit, however. Flowers of female plants give way to bright red drupes (to 1/2″ long) which mature in fall and are attractive to birds. That’s because New Jersey tea shrubs are low maintenance plants that tolerate drought and thrive in dry soil, shallow soil and rocky soil. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Young, yellow twigs add color to the winter landscape. The light green stems are glabrous and bluntly 4-angled, but they are not conspicuously winged. Our 2020 plant list will be available in January 2020. This shrub is 2-8′ tall, often branching near the base and toward the tips of older stems. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4″ diameter) appear in late spring. These flowers are about 1″ long, and they have two-lipped corollas that are usually pale blue-violet (less often pink or white). New Jersey tea During June and July this low-growing, rounded shrub is a cloud of white flowers; use it in masses for best affect, as a tall ground cover, or on steep slopes. https://www.facebook.com/groups/plantsalegroup/permalink/10157064001176764/ Dense foliage and white flowers June–July, followed by flat-topped seed clusters. Other articles where New Jersey tea is discussed: Ceanothus: Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, occurs from Canada to Florida. New shoots are light green and short-pubescent. Thick, oblong-obovate, light green leaves (to 5″ long) turn an attractive yellow in autumn. New Jersey tea is also a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure, summer azure, and mottled duskwing (a type of skipper), as well as a few moth species. Arrowwood viburnum is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10′ tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15′ in optimum growing conditions. Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed is a Michigan Native and one of the most broadly distributed of all milkweeds in the United States . Sign up for our newsletter. The plant’s value to wildlife continues even after the flowers have quit blooming. New Jersey tea General Information; Symbol: CEAM Group: Dicot Family: Rhamnaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Subshrub ... Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. It is native to Missouri where it occurs in prairies, glades, dry open woods and thickets throughout the state (Steyermark). Ceanothus Flowers: Tips On Caring For Ceanothus Soapbush, Autumn Revolution Bittersweet Info: Learn About American Autumn Revolution Care. What is a New Jersey tea plant? The sweet scented flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinators and beneficial insects. Kim Eierman Founder of EcoBeneficial! FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Ceanothus americanus is an upright mounding shrubby perennial with fine textured gray-green leaves. It grows in the wild in prairies, glades and thickets in the eastern and central parts of the United States. Ideally, start growing New Jersey tea in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. Now, here’s a list of several possible growing companions, organized by site conditions. Showy red-orange flowers bloom late spring through late autumn except in USDA Zones 9-11 where it is winter hardy. CHECK AVAILABILITY. The upper surface of the leaf blades is medium green or grayish green and glabrous to sparsely short-pubescent, while the lower surface (for this variety of Prairie Willow) is short-pubescent and sometimes whitened. Although initial irrigation is necessary, once the plant is established, you won’t have to do much shrub care maintenance. At the base of the petioles, lanceolate stipules are sometimes found. This petite milkweed blooms later in the year than most milkweed and is a common late season host plant for Monarch larvae. USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA, RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. Orders will begin to ship in May - June 2020. Description of Values. Consider wearing gloves when working with these plants because the milky sap is poisonous if ingested and can be toxic to human skin. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) This deciduous shrub is native to North America. Larval host for hermit sphinx moth, gray marvel moth June-September rub New Jersey tea/redroot Return to Plant Search Home. Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea. This tidy, charismatically blooming shrub blooms in midsummer, attracting bees and butterflies; it grows best in sandy or rocky, well-draining sites, and will suffer with too much moisture or soil compaction. Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants), with the male flowers being larger and showier than the female ones. A deciduous shrub that grows just 3′ tall, the dried leaves of New Jersey Tea make a flavorful tea that was popular during the Revolutionary War. If you are wondering how to grow a New Jersey tea shrub, all you have to do is site the plant appropriately. Flowers are white to greenish white and attract many insects including butterflies and bees. It is deer and rabbit-resistant. Individual flowers develop from the leaf axils of the middle to upper stems. The luxuriant glossy leaves and bright white flowers make this durable shrub a real winner. New Jersey Tea is a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Spring Azure (Celastrina “ladon”), Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis), and Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta). Leaves are aromatic when crushed. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red. During the American Revolutionary War, its leaves were used as a tea substitute. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. The flowering plants make lovely shrub borders even if you aren’t partial to the tea they produce. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. Meanwhile, several moths and butterflies use the foliage as their host plant. Alternate leaves occur along young stems and shoots. Since different plant species attract different butterflies, you need to choose the right host plants for the survival of caterpillars. It likes dry sandy, clayey or rocky soil in sun or part shade and can be found growing in a variety of environments from hill prairies to woodland openings. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Clusters of tiny, apetulous, aromatic, greenish-yellow flowers bloom along … The dried leaves of New Jersey Tea were used as a tea substitute during the Revolutionary War. Read on for tips on how to grow a New Jersey tea shrub. Also known as Horsetail Milkweed. The roots and leaves of New Jersey Tea have been used in herbal medicine where it goes by the common names of Red Root or Red Shank. Grows in thickets and woodland borders, highly drought resistant. Redbud Tree Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Coreopsis Perennial (N) Cornus spp. Previously, I introduced you to New Jersey Tea as a worthy addition to a hummingbird garden, among other possibilities. The very deep taproot allows this plant to be very drought tolerant. Evaluate the need to introduce uncommon elements such as New Jersey tea to Ossipee pine barrens. Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this shrub for arrow shafts, hence the common name. The plants are browsed by white-tailed deer. Dogwood Shrub Dalea purpurea Purple Clover Weed/Wild Echinacea spp. A land of diverse geologies and forest structure, a state where fire and stone bring forth the abundant white blooms of Ceanothus americanus and many others besides. New Jersey tea was a name coined during the American Revolution, because its leaves were used as a substitute for imported tea. The plant’s value to wildlife continues even after the flowers have quit blooming. The opposite leaves are up to 4″ long and 1″ across; they are light to medium green, lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate in shape, glabrous, and serrated to sparingly serrated along their margins. A rounded deciduous shrub growing to 4 feet tall and wide, New Jersey tea produces scads of white flower clusters in early summer that attract hummingbirds, butterflies and numerous native bees. Plant two to three feet apart to create a low growing, drought tolerant hedge. Flowers are followed by long, narrow seed pods (3-4” long) which split open when ripe releasing silky tailed seeds for dispersal by wind. It is the host plant for three butterflies — spring and summer azures and mottled duskywings. The foliage is serrate and reticulate with the veins marked by shallow grooves. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) features glossy leaves, numerous bright white flowers and a mounding shape that make this compact shrub a popular garden member. Plants grown without harmful pesticides and are safe for butterfly gardens. Ceanothus Americanus New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball PFAF Plant Database Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. This perennial plant is 1-3′ tall, branching occasionally to frequently. Dismiss. Species and bloom time may vary based on region. Ceanothus americanus is a species of shrub native to North America. There is such a tight bond between a caterpillar and its host plant that sometimes even a switch between two related plants will cause it to stop eating. That’s because the plants aren’t related. Common names include New Jersey tea, Jersey tea ceanothus, variations of red root (red-root; redroot), mountain sweet (mountain-sweet; mountainsweet), and wild snowball. It is also effective as a shrubby ground cover for hard-to-grow areas such as dry rocky slopes and banks. Ceanothus herbaceus, commonly known as inland New Jersey tea or prairie redroot, is a small, upright, deciduous shrub native to glades, rocky prairie slopes, and sandy, loess hills in the central United States. As with other Ceanothus shrubs, they attract hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. Prune immediately after flowering since flower buds form in summer for the following year. This milkweed grows best in full sun and average to well-drained soil with no irrigation and will tolerate extreme conditions. While the flowers are remarkable on their own, New Jersey tea is a nectar source and a caterpillar and larva host, attracting an array of beautiful butterflies. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a deciduous shrub that is native to North America. The petioles are ¼-½” in length and short-pubescent. With two exceptions, both noted, all of the plants mentioned have similar native ranges to the New Jersey Tea. The plant grows about 1 m (3 feet) tall and has deciduous, rather oval leaves. Host plant for the Spring Azure butterfly. New Jersey Tea, Ceanothus americanus. New Jersey tea, New Jersey redroot New Jersey tea is so named for its historic value to colonists as an alternative to traditional black tea. Created by Williamsburg Botanical Garden Trees and Shrubs. It is the key host to the New Jersey Tea Inchworm (Apodrepanulatrix liberaria), an Endangered species of Lepidoptera in Massachusetts. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) NOTE: These lists include only butterfly host and nectar plants that are native to NJ and attract butterfly species that are typically found in the state of NJ. Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed is the plant most people think of when they hear the word ‘milkweed’. The leaves are sessile or they clasp the stems; petioles are absent. Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. New Jersey tea attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. They also fix atmospheric nitrogen. They serve well as ground cover for difficult areas of your backyard since they don’t require much care. The leaves are dark green above, hairy gray below, with toothed edges. Grows in thickets and woodland borders, highly drought resistant are usually pale blue-violet less. 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