In 2006 I wrote a book about the kata group Jitte (temple hand), Jion (temple sound) and Jiin (temple floor). Although Kyoda Sensei's main teacher was Naha-te master Higashionna Kanryo (1853 - 1915), from whom he learned the kata Sanchin, Seisan, Sanseiru and Peichurin, Kyoda Sensei must have seen something special in the kata Jion or in Yabu Sensei, otherwise he would have not incorporated the kata in his “small” Naha-te based kata curriculum. Jitte is 十手、 ... Jitte. Hanashiro Chomo generally performs the Kata much more combative. At that time, emphasis was placed on effectiveness; today, due to a lack of understanding for the kata bunkai, the emphasis in many schools is on the stylish execution of kata. Kata forms part of your training. Even after Toyama Sensei’s death Higa Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan. I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in the next few weeks in some places. Jitte, Jiin and Jion have survived in the schools of some of Itosu Sensei’s students. Oktober 2018 If it is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer. This Kata was introduced to Shorin Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma (Shiroma). Their origin is thought to be from the Tomari-te school, however Hirokazu Kanazawa speculates that the Jion kata were devised in the Jionji 慈恩寺, the Jion temple, where martial arts were famously practiced. Jitte is a powerful Kata and one must show good use of power. The JKA version consists of 24 moves. The creator of the kata was Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura (1809—1902) who played a huge role in the development of karate and who was also the … The second in a series of three katas the name Jitte implies that once a student has mastered this kata they should be able to defend themselves with the hands of ten men. However, Itosu Sensei might also have learned the kata from a Shuri-te or Tomari-te teacher unknown to us, or, like Yabu Sensei and Hanashiro Sensei, he has learned the Jion from Matsumura Sensei and developed the other two forms himself. Konishi executes the movement as it is practiced today in most schools (Shito-ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc.). It is literally translated to ten hands. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Nevertheless, Itosu Sensei had contact with masters of the Tomari region. This was carried by all levels of police officers. Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping. Funakoshi sensei tells us that the name implies that a person skilled in this form is as competent in fighting as ten men. He and Matsumora Kosaku Sensei (1829-1898) had been training together around 1873 and he could have learned the three kata from Matsumora Sensei in addition to Wankan, Wanshu, Wandou and Rohai. This page provides videos and/or written instructions for the katas used in Shito-Ryu Karate (i.e. Higa Sensei could have learned the Kata Jion from Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei. However, it is noticeable how the techniques have changed. The Shito Ryu and Itosu Kai sensei, Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993) believed that the three 'J kata' were Itosu's reformulation of older Tomari kata, since lost. Those listed below the red line are the rest of the 26 Shotokan kata. When we compare Kururunfa with the other kata Higaonna learned under his instructor (Ryu Ru Ko Sensei ) in China you will note that Kururunfa is performed relatively quick and fast. On Okinawa the kata for the first time appear in the kata curriculum of Itosu Anko Sensei (1830 – 1915). List of Shito-Ryu Karate Katas with Videos. II, is classified as Neh Ka Ryu. Thank you for your feedback and comments. It is a matter of training the mind and body to face the enemy and danger without fear. This different and obviously wrong assignment - all kata start with the Shaolin greeting and the techniques of all three kata whites clearly on a Shorin origin - shows us that Funakoshi Sensei had not been aware of the origin of the kata and that he did not recognize Jitte and Jion as part of a kata set. On the one hand, however, this theory contradicts the fact that Jitte, Jiin, and Jion kata can’t be found in Tomari-te, and on the other hand, Kyan Chotoku (1870 - 1945) should have integrated the three kata into his kata curriculum. 2. In this blog I would like to answer some of your questions about the book. JITTE – “Ten Hands”. Some believes this Kata was originated in Shaolin Temple in Honan, China. From the lowly ranked samurai law enforcer to the high ranking Samurai police officers all of these carried Jitte like a badge. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. The original name was Jutte, meaning 'ten' (ju) 'hands' (te) but is most commonly referred to nowadays as Jitte though the meaning of 'Ten Hands' has remained. The kata Jion can also be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei (1887 - 1968). Tomari te. Each kyu grade or colour belt has a grading kata that relates to the basics and level of Karate that the student is training towards. Featured Image Source: Samuraiantiqueworld [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Jitte is also often referred to as the mountain man kata, referencing the mountain blocks that are introduced in this kata. Jitte (or Jutte) means "Ten Hands." The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks, and throws. He kept his students on the basic ones before they progressed to the more advanced forms. Jiin is the kata that only a small number of Toyama Sensei's students have received. If you continue to use this site you understand and agree to the use of cookies and accept them. Jiin is 慈陰、 The modern Jitte stands in between, 18 inches in length. There are several schools in existence today that teaches this practice. As we know Kata, meaning Form, or a series of movements, looks to the outsider as a “dance”, and history has recorded these “dance-like” forms in various cultures. August 2018 This can be decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. Creator of this kata is unknown.’ Jitte’ can be translated as ‘ten hands’. * Jitte: another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands." Today I would like to share some thoughts on the historical development of these three kata. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. Many do not name Nagahama either and according to Choki Motobu, when Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama. Jion is 慈恩. The Morote Soto Uke of Gichin Funakoshi is very „exact“. In 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo. Higa Sensei, born in Nahama in 1921, gave the first public karate demonstrations together with Toyama Sensei in Japan in 1940. Two disciples and later assistants to Itosu Sensei, Hanashiro Chomo Sensei (1869-1945) and Yabu Kentsu Sensei (1863-1937), had Jion in their kata program. Mai 2018 It came from the same person as kata Chinto (and Chinte and Jitte) came from; the castaway known as Chinto and Anan. Februar 2019 Kyan Sensei not only studied under Matsumora Sensei but also under Oyadomari Kokan Sensei (1827 - 1905) and Maeda Peichin Gichio Sensei (1826 - 1890). In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. In 1951, Higa Sensei went back to Okinawa. Itosu learned the kata “Chiang Nan” from a Chinese martial artist who lived in Okinawa, and later remodelled this into five simpler katas, calling them Pinan because … Jitte; Jion; The Pinan Series. This page provides videos and instructions for Shotokan Karate kata – Jitte. SHOTOKAN KATA. Pinan Shodan, Naifanchin Shodan, Juroku, etc. Good article however just because we can not find Gusukuma on modern charts does not mean the influence was not there. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan. This character also apparently taught the kata Chinto (Gankaku), Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate experts. Info about "Jitte (kata) video". Today these kata are trained among others in the following schools: Shito-ryu by Mabuni Kenwa (1888 - 1952), Kobayashi-ryu by Chibana Choshin (1885 - 1969), here only the Jion, in the Shudokan by Toyama Kanken (1888 - 1966) and Shotokan by Funakoshi Gichin (1868 - 1957). This kata is particularly effective in dealing with stick attacks such as a bo or a jo. This does not exclude palace guards. This is an advanced Shotokan kata. Ji'in, Jion, and Jitte form a group of kata used in Shotokan and other karate styles, beginning with the same characteristic kamae of the left hand covering the right, which apparently has roots in ancient Chinese boxing. Sells (2000) suggests that the kata came to Itosu Sensei via a master of the Tomari-te lineage named Gusukuma, but a master named Gusukuma is not found on any of the popular Tomari-te charts. Due to the critical attitude towards Itosu Sensei’s karate, it is quite conceivable that they didn’t want to learn any “new” kata from Itosu Sensei and that both learned Jion from Matsumura Sensei. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. It is important to know that Master Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan for about 20 years. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan from there, believes. Defence against a staff ranking officer in Japan in 1940 a staff defense technique can help an individual ward stick! Sensei ( Bugeikan ) also had the Jion in his books in 1922, 1925 and. All manners of inlays movement as it is better to describe Japanese in the boshin i.e! Has very moves, associated with defence against a staff fighting as ten men would like to some. Visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan in 1940 today in most schools ( Shito-Ryu,,... 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