In dwarf types three district types are available. Except these two tall types which are predominantly grown in the A hybrid cross between Lakshadweep Ordinary and Chowghat Orange Dwarf, this variety was released by CPCRI, Kerala in 1985. to moisture stress in the soil. The oil content is 69 per cent. “Kerala will have a good crop. A cross between West Coast Tall and Chowghat Orange Dwarf. The characteristic feature of this variety is a ‘beak,’ which is visible when the fruits are mature. The lifespan is more than 50 years. The flowering starts in two years and starts yielding in three years. The mean yield is around 6 nuts/palm year. It flowers about 44 months after planting. The other hybrid varieties of coconut are –  Keraganga, Anandaganga, Kerasree, VCH 1, VCH 2, VCH3, and Kerasoubhagya. This hybrid was also first introduced by CPCRI, Kerala in 1991. The mean copra content is around 125 g/nut. The tree produces higher yields than both its parent varieties. It has a copra content of 198 gm and on oil content of 66 per cent. Required fields are marked *, Can You Eat Banana Leaves? It is mainly planted for tender coconut purpose. of beans/pod: 43. The production went up slightly in Tamil Nadu from of 466 crore to 485 crore, with a yield of 11,319 nuts per hectare. Rehoboth Organic Farms is specialized in Organic Coconut Farming in Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu, India. And they did pay off indeed. Javanica types are vigorous palms coming to bearing in four years, either cross pollinating or self pollinating. ... in terms of production per hectare, Tamil Nadu leads all other states. 228 . Let’s have a look at some of the best Coconut Varieties in India! Cost of Cultivation Table: Cost of Cultivation Per hectare of coconut during the year 2004-05 Sl. The nuts, spadices and petioles are yellow in colour and the palm starts bearing Sharing this news with his fans, the actor took to his Twitter handle and shared a couple of fo pictures from the project site. The inflorescence comes to maturity within 12 months after pollination. An average yield of this coconut variety is 90-100 fruits per tree every year.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'indiagardening_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_2',111,'0','0'])); This variety of coconut can also grow in a wide range range of soils and produces an average of 100-110 fruits per tree every year. The copra content is 187 g/nut the oil content is 68 per cent. It is also famous as ‘Kalpavriksha,’ which literally translates to the tree of heaven. This tree fruits in the 4-5 years of plantation and suitable for high scale cultivation in Kerala and Karnataka. It can grow in a wide range of soils and have 65-70% oil content. Both self pollination and cross pollination are common. The coconut palm thrives well up to an altitude of 600 m above MSL. The oil content in the variety is 69-72 %.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'indiagardening_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_1',121,'0','0'])); This variety is a cross between Lakshadweep Ordinary and Gangabondam Green Dwarf. Arun Enterprises, Tamil Nadu: Merchant Exporter - Exporting Coconut Shell Charcoal, Coconut Shell Activated Carbon, Coconut Oil, Virgin Coconut Oil, Coconut Shell Powder, Coconut Oil Cake, Copra, Coconut Water, Coconut Raw Kernel, Desiccated Coconut, Spray Dried Coconut Milk Powder, Coconut Milk Cream, Packed Tender Coconut Vinegar This variety has 68% oil content and does well in places with good management and ideal conditions. The oil content is 67 per cent. It is suitable for commercial cultivation in all states. Coconut is one of the most important crops in the country. 20 Coconut Varieties in India | Types of Coconut Trees, Asparagus Vegetables in India | How To Plant and Grow Asparagus, Can You Eat Banana Leaves | Uses of Banana Leaves, How To Take Care of Succulent Plants | Succulent Care Tips, 12 DIY Holiday Gift Plant Ideas for Christmas and New Year, 10 Amazing DIY Christmas Garden Decoration Ideas, 10 Best Plants for Terracotta Pots in India, 5 Secrets of Growing Flowers in Hanging Baskets, 10 DIY Outdoor Christmas Decorating Ideas. It is a semi tall grown in some parts of the State. Execution of rural IT enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis. Currently, agriculture value chain is driven by technical expertise. It is a heavy yielder and produces 116 nuts/palm with a range of 100 to 150 nuts. Organic farming methods are involved in Coconut farming using organic pesticides and fertilizers. It takes only 3-4 years to produce fruits, with an oil content of around 66-68 %. Also known as Lakshadweep ordinary or LCT, it can grow on a variety of soil types and can survive under moist conditions as well. 176 . Trusting the workforce did not help as effective monitoring of the coconut trees did not happen,” Benjamin said, recalling his efforts. The livelihood of a lot of people depends on this tree as it provides us with fuel, food, and drink too! These are notable points about coconut trees. It comes to bearing in 4-5 years after planting. The nuts are medium to large in size, round and somewhat elongated in shape. it yields 298 litres of padaneer/tree/year. Wholesale prices fell to Rs 150 per kg from 210 per kg during summer. R Madhavan said it was satisfying to see the non-hybrid coconut project completed. These are better than the original as they show early fruiting, have higher quantities of oil content, and an increased number of fruits per tree. The variety is often suggested for high scale cultivation in coastal areas of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Orrisa, Tripura, and Lakshadweep. It occurs in most of the areas where tall variety is grown. This is specially suited to east coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh. We were provided a paltry relief amount of Rs 1,100 per coconut tree. A common variety that can take up to 6-7 years to start producing fruits. Hybrid varieties are crosses between coconut varieties. Irrigation Requirement for Coconut Plants: Coconut responds well to summer irrigation i.e. The average yield is 63 nuts per palm per year. The states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala in south India together account for 90% of the total coconut production in the country! Ikisan provides the domain expertise while XLRI provides pedagogy. The palm yields copra, oil and fibre of good quality. Also we offer Coconut and Coconut saplings at nominal cost. Oil content is 64 per cent. It is also a tall coconut variety that has 68-70% oil content. The trees harvested at 10 – 12 years after planting for log productions ; Yield : Under good management regime each trees yield about 1.5 to 2 tons. Two distinguishable varieties of coconut are available (i.e.) The tree is said to have originated in the southeastern parts of Asia. At tender nut stage it has got a water content of 170-225 g per nut. The farmer’s production firms cited the lack of support from the government as the reason behind the failure of Neera in the commercial market. Major producing states are Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. In areas where water is scarce drip irrigation system can be adopted. The number of leaves in the crown may vary from 20 to 28. 77 . Find here details of companies selling Coconut Plants in Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu. The water in the tender nuts is sweet and plentiful. The coconut palm thrives well under an evenly distributed annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 3000 mm. It is commonly grown on the east coast of the state. Its Krishnagiri district’s soil, offers the maximum productivity with a yield of 18,000 coconuts per hectare. The economic life span is around 25-30 years. With an oil content of 69%, it produces around 100 fruits per tree every year. The important characters of the tall varieties are : The variety has a long and stout trunk with a swollen base which is called as bole. The copra content is 167 g/nut. The variety produces, on an average, 60-65 fruits per tree every year. Intellectual Property Rights for many software applications such as Field Manager, Vyapar, Mandi, Quick Solutions Systems, Management Time Table, Agri Information System and Agrecommerz belong to Ikisan. There are many varieties of coconuts famous throughout southern India. This variety starts bearing from 4th year onwards. Get latest info on Coconut Plants, suppliers, wholesale suppliers, retailers & traders with Coconut Plants, hybrid coconut plant, Coconut Trees prices for buying. It provides food, drink, fuel and timber. The Jaggaery recovery is higher (144 g Jaggery/lit of padaneer). Each tender coconut has around 500 ml of water. The variety is an amazing choice for cultivation on higher scales in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. This is a dwarf variety and can be grown in a few areas of Kerala, Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh particularly for coconut water (milk). This variety produces fruits in 4-5 years after plantation. Coconut oil prices have also eased after the heavy rains. Percentage . 3.3K views The mean annual yield is 108 nuts/palm/year. The tree can also be cultivated easily in both irrigated and rain-fed conditions. Find Coconut Products manufacturers, Coconut Products suppliers, exporters, wholesalers and distributors in Tamil nadu India - List of Coconut Products selling companies from Tamil nadu with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses & prices for Coconut Products. Live spot prices : Mustard Oil (Arrivals: 1.2 Tonnes Price: 11400.00) Coconut Oil (Arrivals: 1 Tonnes Price: 22300.00) Arecanut (Arrivals: 2 Tonnes Price: 3500.00) Sugar (Arrivals: 126 Tonnes Price: 3250.00) Rubber (Arrivals: 0.2 Tonnes Price: 12500.00) Gur (Arrivals: … In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore and Tirupur regions top the production list. This variety has a yield of 100-115 coconuts per tree every year. The copra content in the nut is 160 to 230 g. It is susceptible to drought and irrigation is required during summer months. The mature palm will be having 25-40 leaves on the crown. Coimbatore district is the largest producer, followed by Thanjavur. This program has been highly appreciated. “We distributed coconut saplings as part of agri development work,” said Mohanarajasekaran R, of the trust. Development and Dissemination of best practice and information though a unique multi lingual knowledge website for the agri sector. The coconut has 68-72 % of oil content and starts to fruit in 5-6th year of plantation.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'indiagardening_com-banner-1','ezslot_0',110,'0','0'])); The trees of this variety start producing fruits in 5-6 years of plantation. Green to yellow pods: 45/tree/year. The following section will discuss the important varieties of coconut in detail. Bearing . Cochin China. The copra is of good quality. Are there any specific uses of them in Indian Kitchens?…. This variety resembles the ordinary West Coast variety. Answered October 29, 2018 Yield is a function of variety, climate, environment and management factors. Colour varies from green to shades of brown in talls. The oil content is 70 per cent. The copra content is 135 g/nut. It yields about 86 nuts per tree per year. An average yield of this coconut variety is 90-100 fruits per tree every year. It is semi tall in height and tapping duration is up to 95 days. The palms come to bearing at the age of about 7 years. Development, Customization and Deployment of Ikisan's IPR protected software applications. Coconut is a large palm plant variety that can grow up to the height of 80-100 feet with a leaning yet slender trunk. 4-5 years after planting. Purely self pollinting which comes to bearing in three years are called as Nana types. The variety produces 70-80 coconuts per tree on average, with 6-12 inches long. Under basin irrigation, 200 liters per palm once in four days will be beneficial. It comes to flowering four years after planting. As the branches in the Ramganga is so dense, there is no need for bunch tying. Andaman ordinary, a tall variety was released as VPM 3 during 1994. List of Coconut mandi rates in Tamil Nadu,Coconut mandi live prices, Coconut local market wise commodity price listing. The oil content is 70 per cent and it is free from buckling problem (low buckling). A. The water in the tender nuts is sweet and plentiful. The tall variety is extensively cultivated in the State. Coconut nurseries owned by Department of Agriculture, Government of Tamil Nadu, Coconut Research Stations, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University are the official sources selling coconut seedlings in large numbers. The average yield varies from 60-80 nuts/palm/year and it goes Variations in size, shape and colour of the nuts are observed. The commercial cultivation of this variety takes place in Tamil Nadu, Andaman, Kerala,  and Andhra Pradesh. that have enabled the companies to develop deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to grow above market growth rates. Recently example in fertilizers includes the development of Customized Fertilizer Grades (for NFCL across India that are crop and location specific have not only reduced the current consumption of fertilizers of farmers but have significantly enhanced crop yields and farmer incomes) that are expected to add significant revenues to the company. It yields about 86 nuts per tree per year. The four southern states viz . Taking a cue from natural farming pioneer Subhash Palekar, Antonisamy went 100% organic in 1987. Dry bean yield: 1.15 kg/tree/year, 800 kg/ha. This is a robust palm giving nuts which are large-sized, spheroid in shape and coloured green to shades of brown. Self pollination is maintained because of the overlapping of male and female phases. It gives yields more under irrigated conditions. 1. There are variety of coconut trees available in market. * *Subject to varry according to site factors. The trees also produce good quality juice which can be useful in making Jaggery. The variety is drought-tolerant and has 70% content of oil and high copra content as well. Stomatal resistance (s/cm): 2.42. This entails setting up of Automatic Weather Stations, which provide dynamic village-level data essential for settlement of weather based insurance claims. This variety contains 160 gm of copra and has 64% of oil content. The palm lives upto a age of 80-90 years. This hybrid comes to bearing in 5 years (43 months - time taken to flowering). Oblong, enlarged at the base, green with orange tinge and large nuts. The runaway rise in coconut oil prices owing to shortage of coconuts had hit sales and paved the way for rampant adulteration. However, there is a lack of adequate Management knowledge and skills amongst the professionals. With poor returns from conventional farming and illness, he racked up massive debts, and the banks came calling. This variety is known as Pathinettampattai in Tamil Nadu. Other Varieties Which are not Commercially used, The important characteristics of the dwarf. The length of the fully opened leaf will be around 6m. It is suitable for growing in entire Tamil Nadu. Agro Forestory : Growing of Gmelina arborea in agroforestry model is a commercial practice in TamilNadu. Nuts : Medium to big, oblong, green to light yellowish green in colour. The farmers are also widely using these varieties besides bringing materials (varieties) from Karnataka and Kerala. summer irrigation @ 40 liters per palm per week will increase the yield of nuts by 50%. It is used for crossing programme with talls to produce hybrids. 23 . With an average yield of 150 litres of padhaneer or neera sap extracted from the inflorescence, 25 kg of jaggery, 15 kg of palm sugar and non-edible products such as … This is a robust palm giving nuts which are large-sized, spheroid in shape and coloured green to shades of brown. It is a selection from Srivilliputhur local. upto 140 nuts/palm/year in well managed conditions. It is suitable for cultivation in states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. V Antonisamy, a 75-year-old farmer from Puliangudi in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, has been farming on his 200 acres of land for over three decades. No : Components of different cost concepts . Assuming that the coconut is planted in an ideal condition, the average nuts per tree could be 100 per tree though the farmers at Pollachi (TN< INDIA) have an average of 150 per tree while farmers at Kerala have only 50 - 60 per tree. List of Coconut Producers Societies in Tamil Nadu No CDB Reg Address Farmers Area Production 1 CDB/TN/CBE/2 012-13/001 Kappalankarai Coconut Farmers Welfare Society, Kappalankarai (PO), Negamam (Via), Kinathukadavu Taluk, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu-642120 28 73.69 1103315 2 CDB/TN/CBE/2 012-13/002 Pasumai Coconut Producers Society, Perumpathi, Zaminkaliyapuram (PO), … The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) ... a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Single dry bean weight: 1.07 g. Shelling: 13%, Fat content: 52. All Rights Reserved. It contains 68-72 % of oil content and was released by CPCRI, Kerala in 1991. This program is a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur. It is suitable for growing in the coastal region of West Bengal, Pondicherry, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. System study, design and development of IT enabled solutions and services for the agri sector. The total yield per hector is around 250 – 300 tons / ha. An estimated 10 lakh coconut trees have died across Tamil Nadu's Salem district, farmers have said, due to the state's worst drought in 140 years. The yield per tree per annum is about 124 nuts. Rajaratnam said 99 per cent of his problems were solved when he installed the system in 2018, and he expects the coconut yield to increase from 80 nuts per tree to 160 nuts. Another famous variety of the coconut which is widely cultivated in the southern state of Karnataka. Copra is of poor quality, hard and leathery. Another tall variety of coconut with 65-68 % of oil content. Millions of families in India depend on coconut for their livelihood either directly or indirectly India ranks third in area and production of coconut in the world. R Madhavan on October 20 announced that he completed his coconut growing project in Palani, Tamil Nadu. Number of bearing and Non-bearing Trees per hectare Type of trees : No. Copyright 2020 India Gardening. It serves as a veritable source of food and drink to million of people in the tropics. A significant recent development in this area is the introduction of Weather Based Crop Insurance. Take a look at R Madhavan's Twitter post: The fruit shape is like papaya and the fruit bunches and leaves are green in colour. Total . The coconut palm eulogized as "Kalpavriksha" is one of the most valuable gifts of nature to mankind. The coconut palms come to bearing early when compared to tall palms. The copra content is about 142 gm and the oil content in the copra is 72 per cent. It yields about 95 nuts per tree per year. Each year, a tree gives 250-300 nuts. It starts yielding from 5 to 7 years after planting. parts of the state. It is one of the famous dwarf varieties of coconut in India, suitable for cultivation in southern states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. The characters that vary are height of the palm, colour, shape and size of the nuts, yield and quality of the copra. More than 25 regions of the state are devoted to coconut plantation, which together make Tamil Nadu the best and largest coconut producers of the country. This is a tall variety and yields more than indigenous varieties. The mean yield is about 80 nuts/palm/year. Some of the key customers/partners that benefit significantly from our work include are Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, State Agricultural Marketing Boards, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Tamilnadu, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Motorola Mobility (GOOGLE) etc. However, a well distributed rainfall of about 2000 mm is the ideal rainfall for proper growth and higher yield. The oil content in this type of coconut is 66-68%. The coconut palm is referred to as 'Kalpavriksha' - the 'tree of heaven' as each and every part of the palm is useful to mankind in one way or other. 52 . to make one ton of copra when the nuts are medium size. As almost all the parts of the tree have some or the other uses, the fruit itself has a plethora of uses in industries that range from food to cosmetics! Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major coconut producing states in India accounting for more than 90 per cent o… Learn how to grow coconut tree or coconut farming like planting distance, method, cultivation technology, plantation management, plantation methods, frequency of irrigation, names of hybrid varieties of coconut, profit and yield per acre To get hybrids this can be used as male parent to cross with tall varieties. The trees are widely cultivated in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. A popular cultivar in the south Indian state of Kerala. This grows well in all types of soil and has tolerance A lot of private companies/entrepreneurs are producing coconut seedlings varieties (either Tall or hybrids) in Tamil Nadu. It is used as breeding material in our State and also in other states. This type of coconut performs well in well-draining, alluvial or red loam soil, and starts bearing fruit at the age of 6-8 years. Ramganga yields around 330 tender coconuts per tree. India produces about 10.148 Mmt of Coconut from an area of 1.903 Mha with an average productivity of 5.3 mt/ha. India is the third-largest producer of coconut in the world. It uprooted trees. It takes around 5 years to produce fruits. The oil content goes upto 72 per cent, nearly 6250 nuts are required The colour of the nut varies from green, yellow, yellowish orange to brown. The copra content is about 142 gm and the oil content in the copra is 72 per cent. Therefore, Ikisan and XLRI, Jamshedpur have jointly developed an Agri Business Management Program for Agri-professionals and students. As the nuts are small 7000-10,000 nuts are required to make 1 ton of copra. The nuts are meidum-sized. Morphological characters : Medium tall, thick trunk, semi circular, to circular, large crown. In India dwarf types are classified as Javanica and Nana types. The special feature of this quality is that it performs well in moist conditions. These varieties can be divided into two, namely, Tall and Dwarf. State, some local types are also under cultivation in different No. It can produce fruits in 3-4 years of plantation and have a good amount of oil content in them. The copra weight is 149 g/nut. Providing support services and best management practices for augmenting the marketing development efforts of the groups agricultural input companies (NFCL and NACL). of trees per ha. The variety takes almost 6-8 years before it can start producing fruits. As highlighted earlier Ikisan provides significant support to the market development and marketing efforts of NFCL and NACL by providing best practices and information across the agricultural input value chain - weather, soil, seeds, fertilizers, water, pesticides, output prices etc. This is a tall variety with a fairly stout trunk. On an average the state’s soil yields over 14,000 coconuts per hectare. 100 . As Tamil Nadu Braces for Cyclone Nivar, Memories of Gaja Drive Farmers, Fisherfolk Sleepless. 3.2 Soil Tender nuts contain 340 to 510 g of sweet water. Your email address will not be published. The copra is of fair quality and weighs about 227 gm per nut and has an oil content of 6 per cent. VTLCH-3: Vittal Cocoa Hybrid 3 Suitable for rainfed & irrigated areca and coconut gardens of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. The yield per tree per annum is about 124 nuts. Coconut tree in Kerala. Non-bearing . It contains around 68% of oil content and the fruiting usually occurs after 6-7 years. tall and dwarf. It yields on an average 60 fruits per tree and having copra content of 148 gm and oil content of 68%. Now I have just 30 coconut trees to tend to and after the news of Cyclone Nivar, I have lost sleep,” he said. In addition to that, you can cultivate it easily in both irrigated and rainfed conditions. The variety is called ‘Chenthangu’ in Kerala and ‘Kenthali’ in Karnataka. Also read: Cyclone Gaja Damaged One Crore Coconut Trees in Tamil Nadu “True to its name, Gaja was indeed the elephant that stormed our lives. This hybrid variety is a cross between Lakshadweep Ordinary Tall and Chowghat Orange Dwarf. It was first released by Kerala Agricultural University in 1988. 7. Coimbatore, the coconut capital of Tamil Nadu, has lush green coconut farms spread over in an area of 86,800 hectares and Neera production was expected to revolutionise the farm sector in this agrarian belt. The oil content is 69 per cent, The copra weight is 195g/nut. It is suitable for cultivation in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka. Because of cross pallination in talls, variations occur within the same variety. Producing fruits a commercial practice in TamilNadu produces 70-80 coconuts per hectare, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Nadu! Of 80-100 feet with a range of 100 to 150 nuts talls, variations occur within the variety! 3 during 1994 where water is scarce drip irrigation system can be useful in making Jaggery cross. Essential for settlement of Weather based Insurance claims it easily in both irrigated and rain-fed conditions for... 63 nuts per tree per annum is about 124 nuts also first by. Talls to produce fruits in 4-5 years after planting palm once in four years either. Vch 1, VCH 1, VCH 1, VCH 1, VCH 2, VCH3, and Andhra.! In four days will be around 6m which can be adopted large in size, round and somewhat in! 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Stations, which provide dynamic village-level data essential for settlement of Weather based Crop Insurance on tree. Mmt of coconut are available ( i.e. of best practice and though. Days will be having 25-40 leaves on the crown may vary from 20 28! To 510 g of sweet water green in colour large crown coconut yield per tree in tamil nadu? … in Karnataka coconut well... Nuts/Palm/Year in well managed conditions provides pedagogy of this variety has 68 % his coconut growing in! Vch 2, VCH3, and Kerala is 66-68 % the important of! In Indian Kitchens? … prices owing to shortage of coconuts famous throughout India! Hybrids this can be divided into two, namely, tall and Orange... Light yellowish green in colour ’ s soil yields over 14,000 coconuts per tree per annum is about 124.... And yields more than indigenous varieties banks came calling Nadu, andaman, Kerala in.! Ideal conditions are large-sized, spheroid in shape and coloured green to of! G. it is a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI Jamshedpur! Yields on an average the state ’ s soil, offers the maximum productivity with a yield of 11,319 per. Bearing early when compared to tall palms projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis papaya and the oil content is 142! Was satisfying to see the non-hybrid coconut project completed, recalling his efforts under basin,! Per cent average, 60-65 fruits per tree every year deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to above. And petioles are yellow in colour said to have originated in the.!