Davidson A. [66] Although pineapple enzymes can interfere with the preparation of some foods or manufactured products, such as gelatin-based desserts or gel capsules,[67] their proteolytic activity responsible for such properties may be degraded during cooking and canning. Part of our TWO x TWO Collection, this piece is perfect for giving and getting. If you see a pineapple in a dream, all your troubles will likely soon be forgotten. The 'Red Spanish' cultivar of pineapples were once extensively cultivated in the Philippines. Dole ceased its cannery operations in Honolulu in 1991, and in 2008, Del Monte terminated its pineapple-growing operations in Hawaii. © 2020 Sharesies Limited. … 4.6 out of 5 stars 12,134. According to Cooper Beckett, host of the Life on the Swingset podcast, many swingers wear a black ring. It is made by using tomato on a pizza base, then adding cheese to the incomplete pizza, and then cooking the uncooked pizza on a range. Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Our fonts—we splashed out on some new ones. The consumption of pineapple juice in China and India is low compared to their populations. Fresh. 161 209 17. [50][51], The European Union consumed 50% of global total for pineapple juice in 2012–2016. [73][74], Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips, mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids. Investing involves risk. Retrieved on 6 November 2014 from, List of countries by pineapple production, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Pineapple Definition | Definition of Pineapple at Dictionary.com", "Pineapple production in 2016, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Pineapple – The Plant That Ate Hawai'i", "Functional aspects of floral nectar secretion of Ananas ananassoides, an ornithophilous bromeliad from the Brazilian savanna", "Hawaii Pineapple: The Rise and Fall of an Industry", "The History of Pineapple in the Philippines", "Oxford Index – Pieter de La Court van der Voort", "It's Pineapple Season, But Does Your Fruit Come From Hawaii? Slips and suckers are planted commercially. ... or as a grilled ring on a hamburger. The introduction of the pineapple to Europe in the 17th century made it a significant cultural icon of luxury. If you collect pineapples, or they lie on your table, it means that success awaits you just around the corner. Hold the knife parallel to the pineapple and shave off the outer skin. Sharesies Limited is an accredited participant on the NZX. $11.99 $ 11. The fabric was a luxury export from the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period and gained favor among European aristocracy in the 18th and 19th centuries. [53], Raw pineapple pulp is 86% water, 13% carbohydrates, 0.5% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). Pineapple is super nutritious – pineapples are full of important nutrients that our bodies need everyday. Since the 1820s, pineapple has been commercially grown in greenhouses and many tropical plantations. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. I heard they employed a pineapple and some rum to work at CERN. The long leaves of the cultivar were the source of traditional piña fibers, an adaptation of the native weaving traditions with fibers extracted from abacá. [56], Historically, tropical fruit agriculture, such as for pineapples, has been concentrated in so-called "banana republics. Here’s a quick round-up of some of the changes you can expect, pineapples and all: Our web app—Sharesies works just the same, with the addition of some new colours and a pineapple on top. [2] Other diseases include citrus pink disease, bacterial heart rot, anthracnose,[69] fungal heart rot, root rot, black rot, butt rot, fruitlet core rot, and yellow spot virus. Traditional dishes that use pineapple include hamonado, afritada, kaeng som pla, and Hawaiian haystack. In a 100-gram reference amount, raw pineapple supplies 50 calories, and is a rich source of manganese (44% Daily Value, DV) and vitamin C (58% DV), but otherwise contains no micronutrients in significant amounts. The quantity of bromelain in a typical serving of pineapple fruit is probably not significant, but specific extraction can yield sufficient quantities for domestic and industrial processing. [24][46][77], 1895 painting of a Filipina in traditional traje de mestiza dress, Early 19th century pañuelo in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19th century handkerchief in the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, A pineapple being prepared by a roadside vendor in Hainan, China. In addition to that, they look so beautiful and attractive embedded in the baked cake. Jul 20, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Nanette Gaddis. The pineapple comprises five botanical varieties, formerly regarded as separate species:[10], In the wild, pineapples are pollinated primarily by hummingbirds. "[57][58] In 2010, 60% of pineapples consumed in Europe were grown in Costa Rica. Bertoni, "Contributions a l'étude botanique des plantes cultivées. Pineapple Fruit Food. Many cultivars have become distributed from its origins in Paraguay and the southern part of Brazil, and later improved stocks were introduced into the Americas, the Azores, Africa, India, Malaysia and Australia. Our colours—we’ve refreshed our colours! [23] The 'Red Spanish' cultivar was also introduced by the Spanish from Latin America to the Philippines, and it was grown for textile use from at least the 17th century. $16.99 $ 16. These were woven into lustrous lace-like nipis fabrics usually decorated with intricate floral embroidery known as calado and sombrado. Purchas, writing in English in 1613, referred to the fruit as Ananas, but the OED's first record of the word "pineapple" itself by an English writer by Mandeville in 1714. How To Select. You will see people wearing Pineapple jewelry, clothes & even getting tattoos etc… You will also find people wearing a black band on their right hand to show they are swingers. Fruit Pineapple Minimal. It is sweet, melting in texture, and excellent for eating fresh; it is poorly adapted for shipping, has spiny leaves, and is grown in Latin America. Penguin Books. In times past, the pineapple was a symbol of wealth and hospitality. To make the cool texture of the pineapple, we make a “shell” type stitch. [2], A pineapple never becomes any riper than it was when harvested.[76]. Word is he topped himself. It is sold whole or in halves with a stick inserted. [22] Jams and sweets based on pineapple were being imported to Europe from the West Indies, Brazil and Mexico from an early date, and by the early 19th century, fresh pineapples were transported direct from the West Indies in large enough quantities to reduce European prices. [2] In Hawaii, where pineapples were cultivated and canned industrially throughout the 20th century,[13] importation of hummingbirds was prohibited. From 2007–2017, the largest growth in pineapple juice consumption was by Angola. [70] [48], Pineapple vinegar is an ingredient found in Honduran, and Filipino cuisine, where it is produced locally. Inspired by the mighty pineapple, we’re democratising and sharing the love of investing with Kiwis across New Zealand. So, we’re shaking things up. Bromelain is under preliminary research for treatment of a variety of clinical disorders, but has not been adequately defined for its effects in the human body. 98 120 5. In many tropical countries, pineapple is prepared and sold on roadsides as a snack. Pineapple Swimming Pool. [17], The wild plant originates from the Paraná–Paraguay River drainages between southern Brazil and Paraguay. Growers use toxic pesticides extensively, and run-off can flow into drinking water supplies. A plant growth regulator, Ethephon, is typically sprayed onto the fruit one week before harvest, developing ethylene, which turns the fruit golden yellow. [39] Dole and Del Monte began growing pineapples on the island of Oahu in 1901 and 1917, respectively, and the Maui Pineapple Company began cultivation on Maui in 1909. [2][18][19] Little is known about domestication but it spread as a crop throughout South America, and it eventually reached the Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico, where it was cultivated by the Mayas and the Aztecs. Pineapple, sweet, sour, refreshing and thirst-quenching, is a symbol of money in dreams. That’s right, you only need two ingredients to make this sweet treat on your grill. They were initially used mainly for display at dinner parties, rather than being eaten, and were used again and again until they began to rot. Since then, we’ve helped make investing easy for 30,000 Kiwis who have together invested over $30 million! Once it flowers, the individual fruits of the flowers join together to create a multiple fruit. 132 245 11. The Spanish had introduced the pineapple into Hawaii in the 18th century,[37] but the first commercial plantation was not until 1886. [22] In England, the first pineapple was grown at Dorney Court, Dorney in Buckinghamshire, and a huge "pineapple stove" to heat the plants was built at the Chelsea Physic Garden in 1723. For us Kiwis, the pineapple ring is the jewel of the fish and chip menu. 99. Dreams About Rings – Meaning and Interpretation. 200 201 48. They were favored for their light and breezy quality, which was ideal in the hot tropical climate of the islands. Symbolic meaning . [6] Commercially, suckers that appear around the base are cultivated. Stand the pineapple up. 2. [70], Heart-rot is the most serious disease affecting pineapple plants. Traditional dishes that use pineapple include hamonado, afritada, kaeng som pla, and Hawaiian haystack. We've partnered with Drivewealth to provide access to US markets. [5], Pineapples grow as a small shrub; the individual flowers of the unpollinated plant fuse to form a multiple fruit. After 12 to 20 months, the stem grows into a spike-like inflorescence up to 15 cm (6 in) long with over 100 spirally arranged, trimerous flowers, each subtended by a bract. In the 20th century, Hawaii was a dominant producer of pineapples, especially for the US; however, by 2016, Costa Rica, Brazil, and the Philippines accounted for nearly one-third of the world's production of pineapples. Any information we provide is general only and current at the time written. If you dreamed about a ring without many other details, such a dream might symbolize some problems in your life, which seem to have no ending and cannot be solved. [2], Like most modern fruit production, pineapple plantations are highly industrialized operations. Incase many of you don’t know there are millions of Swingers in the US alone & even more in other countries. Loaded with tropical vibes, this pendant is a must have for Summers on the shore or vacations in paradise. Once removed during cleaning, the top of the pineapple can be planted in soil and a new plant will grow. Pineapple; Brown Sugar; How to Cut Pineapple. The juice of the pineapple is served as a beverage, and it is also the main ingredient in cocktails such as the piña colada and in the drink tepache. Our logo—for extra points, you may have noticed the skin of the pineapple appears as if it were a collection of investments. The plant is normally propagated from the offset produced at the top of the fruit,[2][6] or from a side shoot, and typically mature within a year.[6][7]. Thanks to the traditions of the American Indians, it began to be associated with hospitality. Related Images: fruit food tropical healthy fresh fruits beach sweet summer pineapple. It is an ancient cultivar developed by. 2 Ingredient Grilled Pineapple! 4.4 out of 5 stars 399. [32] John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore built a hothouse on his estate surmounted by a huge stone cupola 14 metres tall in the shape of the fruit; it is known as the Dunmore Pineapple. [20] The first European to encounter the pineapple was Columbus, in Guadeloupe on 4 November 1493, by which time cropped pineapple was widely distributed and a stable component of the diet of native Americans. It has 30 or more long, narrow, fleshy, trough-shaped leaves with sharp spines along the margins that are 30 to 100 cm (1.0 to 3.3 ft) long, surrounding a thick stem. Arrives before Christmas . Christopher Columbus hauled a rare bounty of pineapples back to Europe which proved popular with the royals. The past in a pineapple ring | Peter Preston. The appearance, color, and taste of the fruit “rooted,” in people’s minds, a stable emotional connection to the holiday, cheerfulness, and fun. [26], The pineapple fascinated Europeans as a fruit of colonialism[27] but it could not be successfully cultivated in Europe for several centuries until Pieter de la Court developed a greenhouse horticulture near Leyden from about 1658. The local pizza shop owner has turned up dead. [65], If having sufficient bromelain content, raw pineapple juice may be useful as a meat marinade and tenderizer. The causal agents of pink disease are the bacteria Acetobacter aceti, Gluconobacter oxydans, Pantoea citrea. Pineapple Green Nature. We’ve grown up with pineapple being freely available. 1. Dec 30, 2016 - This is my Pineapple Double Wedding Ring Afghan featuring the pineapple design and joined rings to symbolize its meaning. Pineapple Lyrics: CashMoneyAP / Hitmaka / It's Gucci / Yellow diamond ring on my fist like a pineapple / Shaped like a coke bottle, so I threw a dime on her (Damn) / Shine on her, grind on her, I So we’re embracing the pineapple in our new look, and you’ll be seeing a whole lot more of it in the future! Available in 14k Gold Plate, Ro You aren’t guaranteed to make money, and you might lose the money you start with. And as we continue to make investing accessible for more Kiwis, we want to be sure that the way we look truly reflects what we believe in. [31] Because of the expense of direct import and the enormous cost in equipment and labour required to grow them in a temperate climate, using hothouses called "pineries", pineapples soon became a symbol of wealth. In cans. The pineapple carries out CAM photosynthesis,[9] fixing carbon dioxide at night and storing it as the acid malate, then releasing it during the day aiding photosynthesis. Pineapple. Further, it is the third most important tropical fruit in world production. The pineapple (Ananas ... meaning "excellent fruit". The industry was destroyed in the Second World War and is only starting to be revived. How To Store Store pineapple in refrigerator for 2 to 4 days. [60], Pineapple fruits and peels contain diverse phytochemicals, among which are polyphenols, including gallic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, and arbutin. [21][22] The Portuguese took the fruit from Brazil and introduced it into India by 1550. We believe that no matter your worth, you’re worth it. )", Pests and Diseases of Pineapple: Food Market Exchange – B2B e-marketplace for the food industry, "Pink disease, a review of an asymptomatic bacterial disease in pineapple", http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pi%C3%B1a+cloth. I’m not sure why a Pineapple was chosen to be a symbol for Swingers but it was. After the first fruit is produced, side shoots (called 'suckers' by commercial growers) are produced in the leaf axils of the main stem. [5] The Del Monte plantations are now locally managed, after Del Monte Pacific Ltd., a Filipino company, completed the purchase of Del Monte Foods in 2014.[47]. Del Monte took cultivar '73–114', dubbed 'MD-2', to its plantations in Costa Rica, found it to be well-suited to growing there, and launched it publicly in 1996 as 'Gold Extra Sweet', while Del Monte also began marketing '73–50', dubbed 'CO-2', as 'Del Monte Gold'. All pizzas are two-bite foods, meaning a full pizza will turn into a 1/2 pizza upon consumption. Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 23. ITEM: Simple Gold Pineapple Ring Description: Fabulous Hawaiian Theme Adjustable Pineapple Ring - Great Quality! The ovaries develop into berries, which coalesce into a large, compact, multiple fruit. Christopher Columbus hauled a rare bounty of pineapples back to Europe which proved popular with the royals. Pineapples are picked when ripe and do not ripen after harvest. Chunks of pineapple are used in desserts such as fruit salad, as well as in some savory dishes, including pizza toppings, or as a grilled ring on a hamburger. They read like a dream. We’ve grown up with pineapple being freely available. It is made by fermenting pineapple juice with Komagataeibacter xylinus. [55], In commercial farming, flowering can be induced artificially, and the early harvesting of the main fruit can encourage the development of a second crop of smaller fruits. As we’ve grown Sharesies, we’ve realised that yes, we love investing—but more than that, we love seeing everyday New Zealanders talk about money, learn about investing, and gain the confidence to grow their wealth. The meanings of peach tell us that we can rely too much on others to help us with our lives and problems, to the point of manipulating them to care for us because we are afraid that we cannot meet our needs. Free standard shipping on all US orders, eco-friendly and nickel-free. Pineapple in the dream is a happy symbol, which could mean happiness, joy, pleasure, and all sorts of big profits. "Hilo" is a compact, 1.0- to 1.5-kg (2– to 3-lb) Hawaiian variant of smooth cayenne; the fruit is more cylindrical and produces many suckers, but no slips. Pineapples have gone from representing power and elitism...to being deliciously democratic! After creating the pineapple, we then make the big leaves, small leaves, and finally the smile! `Smooth Cayenne'' is now the dominant cultivar in world production. [52] Countries consuming the most pineapple juice in 2017 were Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines, having combined consumption of 47% of the world total. Paraguay (2nd series) 4 (1919:250–322). Best Seller in Sports Fan Rings. Beach Coast Fruit. 268 163 46. Menzel, Christopher. He was covered in pineapple, ham, tomato sauce and cheese. [2] The leaves of the commonly grown "smooth cayenne" are smooth,[59] and it is the most commonly grown worldwide. The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial, which grows to 1.0 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, although sometimes it can be taller. 10. In Russia, Catherine the Great ate pineapples grown on her own estates before 1796. [75], Some buyers prefer green fruit, others ripened or off-green. Pineapple Lights, 3D Night Light for Kids, 7 Colors Touch Table Desk Lamps, LED Vision Illusion Lighting with USB, Baby Bedroom Sleep Lamp, Birthday Party Holiday Gifts for Children . At higher Cooking levels, toppings can be added to increase the amount healed. $29.99 Diamond Bonus Buy $29.99 Diamond Bonus Buy. Pineapple Fruit. Pineapple. 113 249 2. "piña cloth". Layer it with your Pineapple Coin Ring or Pineapple Coin Charm for an even juicier look. Domestically, they were used to make the traditional barong tagalog, baro't saya, and traje de mestiza clothing of the Filipino upper class, as well as women's kerchiefs (pañuelo). Crushed pineapple. [32] By the second half of the 18th century, the production of the fruit on British estates had become the subject of great rivalry between wealthy aristocrats. On pizza. [28][22] Pineapple plants were distributed from the Netherlands to English gardeners in 1719 and French ones in 1730. 8. [62][63], Present in all parts of the pineapple plant,[64] bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes. Summer Pineapple Fruit. [71][72] and Tatumella ptyseos. [24][46][25] Large scale canning had started in Southeast Asia, including in the Philippines, from 1920 although this trade was severely damaged by the Second World War, and Hawaii dominated the international trade until the 1960s. "Natal queen", at 1.0 to 1.5 kg (2 to 3 lb), has golden yellow flesh, crisp texture, and delicate mild flavor; well-adapted to fresh consumption, it keeps well after ripening. 73 69 5. How to make Pineapple Upside-down cake? [29][30] In France, King Louis XV was presented with a pineapple that had been grown at Versailles in 1733. In the Philippines, 'Smooth Cayenne' was introduced in the early 1900s by the US Bureau of Agriculture during the American colonial period, and Dole and Del Monte also established plantations in the island of Mindanao in the 1920s; in the provinces of Cotabato and Bukidnon, respectively. [22], Hawaiian production started to decline from the 1970s because of competition and the shift to refrigerated sea transport. The first thing to do is to trim off the ends of the pineapple. We’re still the same Sharesies, just with a new look. What does volatility mean for my investments. ", The Agriculture of Hawaii: Hawaii Pineapples, Hawaii Pineapple: The Rise and Fall of an Industry, "This Prized Filipino Fabric Is Made From Pineapple Leaves", Population growth drives gradual expansion of pineapple juice market, "Nutrient data for pineapple, raw, all varieties, per 100 g serving", "Pineapple production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Dole Responds to Costa Rican Pineapple Criticism", "PINEAPPLE – Common Varieties | TFNet – International Tropical Fruits Network", "Major Polyphenolics in Pineapple Peels and their Antioxidant Interactions", "Bromelain: an overview of industrial application and purification strategies", "Efficacy of reverse micellar extracted fruit bromelain in meat tenderization", "Enzymes in the dissolution testing of gelatin capsules", "Diseases of Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. The pineapple[2][3] (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible fruit and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae. Cool eh. [2][11] Certain wild pineapples are foraged and pollinated at night by bats. Since it is difficult to treat, it is advisable to guard against infection by planting resistant cultivars where these are available; all suckers that are required for propagation should be dipped in a fungicide, since the fungus enters through the wounds. Our Cause. As his son pointed at a photo of a sweet-and-sour chicken dish with its cherries, chopped pineapple and fondue-fried chicken, Garcia flipped the pages in a ring-bound book to show him other dishes.. "Pernambuco" ("eleuthera") weighs 1–2 kg (2–4 lb), and has pale yellow to white flesh. The Hokkien word for pineapple is ong lai, which also sounds like the words meaning 'incoming fortune'. See what Meredith Meadows (meremead) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. Style: All occasion - Hawaii Lovers - Pineapple meaning in Hawaii is "WELCOME" Features: Dainty and adorable - great for a friend, lover, teacher, Mother, and anyone who loves Pineapples Size: Adjustable Metal: - Rhodium Plated, Long Lasting, Nickel and Lead Free The fruit of a pineapple is usually arranged in two interlocking helices, Typically there are eight in one direction and 13 in the other, each being a Fibonacci number.[8]. [66][68], Pineapples are subject to a variety of diseases, the most serious of which is wilt disease vectored by mealybugs[69] typically found on the surface of pineapples, but possibly in the closed blossom cups. In the first year of growth, the axis lengthens and thickens, bearing numerous leaves in close spirals. We believe that investing should be easy and accessible. We still love pink, but we’ve opened our hearts up to a few more. Crushed pineapple is used in yogurt, jam, sweets, and ice cream. These may be removed for propagation, or left to produce additional fruits on the original plant. Del Monte Fresh Produce Co. v. Dole Food Co. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pineapple&oldid=994761508, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The pineapple was documented in Peter Martyr's Decades of the New World in 1516 and Antonio Pigafetta's Le Voyage et Navigacion.. of 1526, and the first known illustration was in Oviedo's Historia General de Las Indias in 1535. Details - Standard Cable Chain - 16" with 2" Extension - Brass Base with Rhodium Plating - Final Sale - No Returns or Exchanges . King Charles II got a portrait with one. [54], In 2018, world production of pineapples was 27.9 million tonnes, led by Costa Rica, the Philippines, Brazil, and Thailand as the largest producers. 99. So much love. It’s a whole new definition … Founded in Costa Rica, Pura Vida Bracelets provides sustainable jobs to artisans worldwide and raises awareness for charities with products that give back. Market data provided by Refinitiv, Drivewealth, and IEX Cloud. Whole, cored slices with a cherry in the middle are a common garnish on hams in the West. (2008) The Penguin Companion to Food. All rights reserved. [65] Bromelain may be unsafe for some users, such as in pregnancy, allergies, or anticoagulation therapy. For us Kiwis, the pineapple ring is the jewel of the fish and chip menu. Get it as soon as Mon, Dec 28. [40] James Dole began the commercial processing of pineapple and an automatic peeling and coring machine was developed by Henry Ginaca, a Dole employee, in 1911. “If someone wearing a black ring on their right hand approaches you, start a conversation with them, ‘I see you’re wearing a black ring on your right hand. [12] Under cultivation, because seed development diminishes fruit quality, pollination is performed by hand, and seeds are retained only for breeding. [33] In architecture, pineapple figures became decorative elements symbolizing hospitality.[34][35][36]. [24][25], Columbus brought the plant back to Spain and called it piña de Indes, meaning "pine of the Indians". 91 77 4. But in some context, it can carry a negative connotation. In many cultures, the pineapple symbolizes success and prosperity. Evenly spread brown … The Free Dictionary. When creating its fruit, it usually produces up to 200 flowers, although some large-fruited cultivars can exceed this. [22] Later pineapple production was dominated by the Azores for Europe and Florida and the Caribbean for North America because of the short trade routes. [16] This usage was adopted by many European languages and led to the plant's scientific binomial Ananas comosus, where comosus, "tufted", refers to the stem of the plant. Jun 26, 2014 - A symbol of hospitality, wear the pineapple to welcome new friends and cultivate great relationships. [41] In 2009, the Maui Pineapple Company reduced its operations to supply pineapples only locally on Maui,[42] and by 2013, only the Dole Plantation on Oahu grew pineapples in a volume of about 0.1 percent of the world's production. Wearing a black ring is apparently a sign that you're a swinger Credit: Alamy Certain jewellery. The Netherlands was the largest importer of pineapple juice in Europe. "Red Spanish", at 1–2 kg (2–4 lb), has pale yellow flesh with a pleasant aroma, is squarish in shape, and well-adapted for shipping as fresh fruit to distant markets; it has spiny leaves and is grown in Latin America and the Philippines. [15] Later in the same English translation, he describes the same fruit as a Nana made in the manner of a Pine apple, where he used another Tupi word nanas, meaning "excellent fruit". King Charles II got a portrait with one. The Gazette-Enterprise: News. Pineapple ring caramelizes in the butter + brown sugar layer, giving the cake its rich and glistening look.