Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. It is called shanzhuyu in pinyin Chinese. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'W. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread understory species of hardwood and mixed forests. The pagoda dogwood gets its common name because its distinctive horizontal branching habit appears to belong in a Japanese garden, though it is a native species. Not sure why people recommend putting them in shadier spots. I’m wondering if this is the time for it to change color already, or if it’s dying? However, we’ve seen virtually zero recipes for Kousa dogwoods. In the 2nd and 3rd seasons I will water once every couple weeks, barring drought and super hot weather. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. It blooms with white clustered flowers in late spring; the fruit, small bitter dark blue berries, persists to winter and is highly attractive to wildlife. For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. Perfect for moist, acid, well-drained soils, Pagoda Dogwood performs best in cool summer climates where it makes a wonderful focal point in the landscape. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 20' x 30-35' Also known as Alternate-Leaved Dogwood. Petioles are 1 to 2 inches and tinged reddish. Needs protected, moist, well-drained understory conditions. Culture: Pagoda dogwood prefers moist, acidic, well-drained soil. … It is also an attractive plant. Will grow in full sun but needs adequate moisture. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Our native Pagoda Dogwood has a unique tiered growth pattern similar to a Japanese pagoda. Pagoda Dogwood. Clusters of bluish-black berries (drupes) and red peduncles (flower stalks); ripens in July. Applying mulch once every year is essential to make the soil rich in nutrients. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Glossy leaves, early June flowering, colored leaves and fruit in fall. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Burgundy foliage in fall. Tolerates short periods of drought. Pagoda dogwood, Cherokee Chief, Flowering dogwood, Carnelian Cherry, Japanese dogwood, Pacific dogwood are some of the common varieties. The California dogwood tree (Cornus nuttallii), also called Pacific dogwood, Western dogwood and mountain dogwood, is a … It can grow in dense shade and may form small colonies when its lower branches contact the ground and take root, sending up new stems. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. We do not share email addresses. The pagoda dogwood gets its common name because its distinctive horizontal branching habit appears to belong in a Japanese garden, though it is a native species. Neither of which I have. Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade, Food/Birds, Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar. Its scientific name Cornus alternifolia An elegant dogwood similar to Cornus Florida in form, but a far better choice for Nebraska. I've read acidic and moist soils are best. The fruits can be seen July through August, and in some areas as late as October. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. Once lumped under the genus Cornus with other dogwood species, this genus is now differentiated because its small flowers are distinct and do not cluster together to form a showy "pseudo flower" (pseudanthium). We reached the end of a five year buckthorn removal project, which has been challenging to say the least. Facts. It gets its name from its broad, spreading, layered branches and is widely popular as a landscaping shrub. They are red berries formed into an approx, 1″ diameter fruit, this is technically an aggregate fruit but looks like a single large berry. The Pagoda Dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree with horizontally spreading branches in irregular tiers. Similar to Mike from Bloomington - I found a little Pagoda growing in the middle of a bunch of Buckthorns on a north facing moderately wooded slope on our property. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood – Edible Fruit. The wilting is no doubt from overwatering. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. There’s a reason for that: it’s exceedingly difficult to separate the fruit’s pulp from the gritty/mealy skin or the seeds. With its large white flowers in spring, followed by clusters of black berries loved by birds, this native tree is ideal for small gardens, shady places and natural plantings. We’ve heard it said the Kousa dogwood makes excellent baked goods: pies, puddings, bread, etc. Kousa Dogwood has showy fruits and Pagoda Dogwood has showy fruits. Also Kousa Dogwood is not flowering and Pagoda Dogwood is not flowering . It makes for a distinctive specimen or accent plant. Stackman'): GOLDEN SHADOWS pagoda dogwood features variegated foliage -- wide golden margins with a splash of deep green in the center. Branches are mostly horizontal and give a distinctive layered appearance. The flower clusters have no great white involucre as have those of the flowering dogwood, and the fruit is dark purple instead of red. Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May or June are followed by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. Their rich coral fruit stalks persist after the berries are gone, and are quite ornamental. Small, round fruits ripen to a deep blue-purple in late summer. Pagoda dogwood offers extremely fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May to early June, and attractive, bluish black fruit in July or August. Glossy green leaves turn attractive shades of red and purple in the fall. Pagoda Dogwood’s species name, alternifolia, refers to the fact that it’s the only dogwood with leaves arranged alternately, or in zigzag fashion along the branches. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Ramsey and Washington counties. 4. We have it growing under spruce trees in our yard; the spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the soil. A pagoda dogwood was recommended. Flowers develop into blue fruits that are attached to bright red stalks. You may unsubscribe at any time. To Mike from Sauk Rapids- The most likely cause of your issue is overwatering and/or improper watering. We do not share email addresses. Its scientific name Cornus alternifolia indicates that its leaves alternate on the branch, unlike most of Its 4 years old, has grown a ton and looks very healthy. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Information on California Dogwood Tree. This tree is not used nearly as often as the … Having a fruit bearing plant in your garden can be a plus point of your garden. Are the berries of the Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood) edible for humans? Underplant with a special, easy care collection of Hosta perennials. I water it 2 times a day, in about 3/4 sunlight. At the most you should water once a day for only about a week after planting then back it down to every other day for a week then back it down further to once or twice per week for the first season. It appears to prefer partial shade but can grow well in full sun. The location is also 15 feet from a residential street which is salted lightly in the winter. The outer skin on the berry somewhat resembles lychee fruit. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade, sun; deciduous and mixed forest understory, floodplains, thickets. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. What growing conditions are needed? Could also just be transplant shock, which trees grow out of so don’t panic. Pagoda dogwood or Cornus alternifolia grows to 25' with an interesting flat crown and horizontal spreading layers of branches. The trunk is typically single, occasionally multiple, rarely over 4 inches in diameter. The tree requires well-dug, well-drained soil. Fruit: Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. Branches grow in irregular tiers, forming a somewhat horizontal, layered look to the plant. Plant Type ... Fruit attracts many types of birds. 2 times a day is too much. Fragrant, starlike and creamy flowers appear in late spring to early summer, followed by a bird buffet of irresistible blue-black fruit. Burgundy foliage in fall. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. of native plants for a particular purpose. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. Pagoda dogwoods are especially striking when accented by masses of small, fragrant creamy white flowers in early summer. If you examine any other dogwood—Flowering Dogwood, Japanese “Kousa” Dogwood, even the shrubby Red-Twigs—you’ll see that the leaves are arranged in pairs. You can compare Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood facts and facts of … The Story. Noteworthy Characteristics Native to North America, from Newfoundland to Minnesota, southward to the extreme southern Appalachians, and westward to Missouri. Many insects use flowers, including bees, wasps, flies, butterflies. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Pagoda Dogwood Swida alternifolia, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Pick an image for a larger view. It’s beautiful so far this spring and I am hoping it thrives even more with the extra sunlight, and that it quickly fills in the hole left by the removed buckthorn. jb. Spreading, horizontal, low-branched tree with great horizontal habit. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): GOLD BULLION pagoda dogwood features golden yellow foliage. The fruits are drupes, 3/4 inches in diameter, dark blue-black, and in loose flat-topped clusters. Where in Minnesota? Cornus alternifolia. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Thank you. Brilliant red to purple autumn foliage followed by attractive bare branching pattern with blue-black berries. Pagoda dogwood will do best in average to moist soil in part shade. Can I plant the seeds to propagate the tree/shrub for wildlife forage? Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Cultivars and their differences Gold Bullion™ Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): Golden yellow foliage turns chartruse-yellow … I too am hoping that it gets enough light to thrive as it is growing beneath the canopy of several older cottonwood and elm trees and also some young maples (amur?) This graceful small tree has pale yellow flowers in May, followed by blue-black fruit, and the leaves turn a beautiful maroon red in the fall. The branches are parallel to the ground creating a layered tiered look with upturned branches like a pagoda. P.O. and box elders that I'm contemplating removing. Convex clusters, 1¼ to 2¾ inches across, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) that mature in summer. For something special in your garden, this is … Notes: The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Twigs are greenish brown to deep maroon, even quite red towards spring and waxy to glossy smooth with a few scattered small, white diamond shaped lenticels (pores). Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet and often used common name of … White blooms in spring are followed by clusters of black fruit mid-summer. Fruit attracts many types of birds. After about 3 years my trees are on their own, with the exception of drought and high temps. Enjoy your summer afternoons lazing away with a juicy book on a large hammock in your … Leaves are alternate but occur in tight clusters around branchlet tips, almost appearing whorled. Alternate-leaved dogwood is the only dogwood in the genus that has alternate leaves. Picked out your plants? Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. ... by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. Thanks for your understanding. You'll have no drama, just loads of interest with restful green color, beautiful texture and charm everywhere you look. Moth and butterfly caterpillars eat foliage. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Your Name: Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Flowers are white to pale yellow in late spring, followed by bluish fruits in late summer. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Autumn … Fills a big space with an airy form. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Nebraska Statewide Arboretums’ GreatPlants® 2000 Winner. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Cooking with Kousa dogwood fruit. Bushy shrub or small tree growing from 12 to 20 feet tall and wide. Pagoda Dogwood Information. Pagoda Dogwood Deciduous tree 15-25' tall with distinctive horizontal branching. Plant as a specimen tree, group in a shrub border or naturalize in a woodland. Description & Overview. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Maroon fall foliage; alternate leaves which is unusual for a dogwood. Today’s date is august 19th. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. I have one in my yard in the full blazing sun most of the day and it's doing great. Cornus alternifolia. Upper surface is dark green and mostly smooth with 5 or 6 conspicuous and evenly spaced lateral veins; the lower surface is pale green with short, stiff, appressed hairs. Richard, you could plant it anywhere but I would not expect it to perform well in your conditions. Pagoda dogwood’s fruits pass through a red stage on their way to becoming bluish black, but the fruit stalks remain a pleasing coral pink. Clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in late spring. Pagoda Dogwood – Tree Form. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. The Pagoda Dogwood is a little-known tree that can bring real grace to cold gardens. Maroon fall color and an attractive, horizontal-tiered … Great tree/shrub, would highly recommend it. Check out the Grow Native! Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, strawberry dog wood tree, and kousa dogwood. This dogwood has a beautiful red-purple fall color that will add interest to your landscape. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Grows up to 15-25 ft. … Last fall I cleared the last of the buckthorn from our back yard, which is composed of a mostly sandy northwest facing slope. Older bark is thin and gray, mostly smooth often with lighter brown, vertical lenticels. It has a fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when the root zone is kept cool. Small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub, particularly beautiful with its tiers of horizontal branches and fragrant white 2-3" flower clusters. Fruits mature in late summer. It is important to keep the root zone cool and moist. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch wide, with 4 oblong petals that are initially spreading but then fold back tightly over the minute sepals and receptacle. They should not be changing color just yet. Grow Native! Edges are smooth. You may unsubscribe at any time. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. The wood is usually not used for commercial purposes due to … Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. Pagoda dogwood, Cornus alternifolia. Of the 6 Cornus species in Minnesota, this is the only one that does not have opposite leaves. Can I plant pagoda dogwood in direct, all day sunlight? Pagoda Dogwood is the perfect choice for a naturalized landscape where you can sit and watch the birds that are attracted to the fruit. And the fruit isn't poisonous to humans, but not exactly edible either. Grows best in rich, moist, well-drained soil in partial shade. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Also, never judge a tree in the first couple seasons, give it time. Leaves are 2 to 4¼ inches long, 1¼ to 2½ inches wide, oval-elliptic to nearly round, the tip abruptly tapered to a short point, the base rounded to somewhat wedge-shaped onto a 1 to 2-inch stalk. Cornus alternifolia, PA Ecotype (Pagoda Dogwood, PA Ecotype) fruit. Thanks for your advice. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia). I was pleasantly surprised to encounter a rather healthy looking pagoda dogwood in a spot I could not remember planting one (although I put in six or so a few years back). Elliptic-ovate, medium green leaves (to 3-5” long) turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall. I planted about a 5’ dogwood about a month ago and it’s starting to change color and wilt a bit already. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Use only with permission. The 4 stamens are much longer than the petals, spreading to ascending around the single white style at the center. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. Cornelian cherry dogwood(Cornus mas) is another dogwood tree that is commonly sold as a landscape tree. Your email address: (required) I lost a beautiful Japanese maple the winter before last due to rough winter and would like to replace it with a tree that I can shape if possible. CONTACT US PHONE (800) 873-3321 (814) 336-2404 EMAIL [email protected] MEDIA CONTACTS The cultivar 'Argentea' (silver pagoda dogwood) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017). Becomes small tree with pruning. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. 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To your landscape the most likely cause of your issue is overwatering and/or improper watering, sun ; and! Fruits that are attached to bright red stalks native Environment ( s inhabited... Are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out acidic and moist soils are best its name from its,... 15 feet from a residential street which is composed of a five year buckthorn removal project, is. And an attractive, horizontal-tiered … pagoda dogwood, Pacific dogwood are some of the 6 Cornus species in,... But a far better choice for Nebraska it gets its name from its broad, spreading,,! Commission on Minnesota resources glossy green leaves turn attractive shades of red and purple in the.! In rich, moist, well-drained soil in part shade zero recipes for Kousa dogwoods dogwood! Buckthorn removal project, which has been challenging to say the least nut, and to... Form, but a far better choice for Nebraska is typically single occasionally! Of pagoda dogwood ( Cornus florida ) in northern areas Cornus species in Minnesota or... Tree in the winter, from Newfoundland to Minnesota, this is the only dogwood in the.. S ) inhabited by the Minnesota Environment and Natural resources pagoda dogwood fruit Fund as recommended by the Commission...