Made up of several squadrons and commanded by a colonel/O-6, the group was of less visibility for some decades but came back to prominence during a transition to the "objective wing" organization in the 1990s. Remember, as with … Organisational structure has been initiated by ACC commander general Mike Holmes and changes at the 366th Fighter Wing are expected to begin … The I-Wing concept evolved from an extensive review and analysis of Congress’ National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force report, originally delivered in 2014. Each wing supervises the individual groups and squadrons in that state, district or commonwealth, which are the basic operational units of the organization. The program is established as an organization by Title 10 of the United States Code and its purposes defined by Title 36. U.S. Air Force Airmen assigned to the 386th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron lower an AN/MQP-64 Sentinel radar onto an elevated structure at Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait, Nov. 23, 2020. Wings are made up of one or more groups, consisting of several squadrons, and usually commanded by a colonel, but high visibility wings can have brigadier generals/O-7s in command. For those who don't take change well, rest assured the current guidance for Air Force wing structure, Air Force Instruction 38-101, Air Force Organization, still maintains the same structure of flights, squadrons and groups used within the 11th Wing. The elements of command might change based on the type of unit, but the basic elements remain constant. Accordingly, the word "wing", with its allusion of flight, was chosen as the term of subdivision and the corps was split into a "Military Wing" (i.e. In 1991, most active SOAs changed in status to DRUs or FOAs. Number digits apply; 1 -100, 301 – 999 series for Air Force and Air Force Reserve squadrons (i.e. The field operating agency (FOA) is a subdivision of the Air Force, directly subordinate to an HQ USAF functional manager. [citation needed]. ARLINGTON, Va. (AFNS) -- The Department of the Air Force is planning to stand up a new wing at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, to provide administrative support to 1,300 Reserve personnel working there.These personnel are currently supported by three different command components at Luke AFB, Arizona, Patrick AFB, Florida, and Tucson Airport, Arizona. This reorganization changed the base command structure from the "wing commander/base commander" scheme to a single wing commander ("one base-one boss") with multiple groups under his command. 10 USC § 10174 states: (a) Establishment of Command.— The Secretary of the Air Force, with the advice and assistance of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, shall establish an Air Force Reserve Command. A flight is the smallest official capacity in the Air Force and usually ranges from a dozen people to over a hundred, or typically four aircraft. The Unit’s structure corresponds to a typical Hellenic Air Force (HAF) Wing setup. The Air National Guard may be called up for active duty by the state governors or territorial commanding generals to help respond to domestic emergencies and disasters, such as those caused by hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Sixteenth Air Force units include: 9th Reconnaissance Wing, Beale Air Force Base, Calif. 55th Wing, Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. In most Commonwealth air forces, as well as some others, a wing is usually made up of three or four squadrons. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. Squadrons are usually made up of two flights, a few hundred people, and eight to 24 aircraft. Two deputy commander positions were created to advise and assist the wing commander in guiding and evaluating squadron operations. TINKER AIR FORCE BASE, Okla. – Reservists with the 507th Maintenance Squadron repaired a KC-135 Stratotanker engine cowling in-house that sustained damage by a bird strike Sept. 21, ultimately saving the Air Force more than $1 million. A wing may also be used for non-flying units, such as the infantry forces of the RAF Regiment, (in which a wing equates to a battalion). The French Escadre and the German Geschwader originate from the naval term Squadron. The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho is experimenting with the new organizational structure beginning this month, ACC said in a May 17 release. Separate operating agencies (SOA) were major Air Force subdivisions directly subordinate to HQ USAF and has all the "procedural (administrative and logistical) responsibilities" of a MAJCOM. At the same time, the other component establishments, and units of these establishments, also received the 14th numerical designations, aligning each of them directly to the 14th Wing. Army Air Corps/U.S. A DRU has a specialized and restricted mission, meaning that it is a single purpose unit, usually to the exclusion of other duties, reporting to Air Force Air Staff alone. Originally all wings were usually commanded by a wing commander (equivalent to a lieutenant colonel). The size of a wing (base) follows US usage (see below); it varies greatly and may comprise personnel numbering in the thousands. Air Command. (Escadre is also the official Canadian French translation of wing in the Canadian Forces.) USAF Wing Force Structure The newest addition to the Air Force Historical Research Agencyʹs homepage, the USAF Wing Force Structure database measures the number and functions of wings and wing equivalents from 1939 through 1999. In all, there are 36 Air Training Corps wings in six regions within the United Kingdom, each of which is commanded by a RAFVR(T) wing commander. In this context, a wing is inferior to a "region" which is made up of six wings. Among the NATO member countries the Turkish Air Force (Ana Üssü, Turkish for main base) and the Bulgarian Air Force (авиобаза [aviobaza], Bulgarian for air base or aviation base) use the term air base for their main formations. A typical wing internal structural layout is shown in the image below: Figure 12: Internal structure of a semi-monocoque aircraft wing. Without squadrons, flights would have no guidance. Comptroller Squadron Structure. Structures section chief, Master Sgt. The wing is responsible for operating the base, including the infrastructure, communication systems, security, fire protection, transportation, supply, finance, contracting, legal services, personnel and manpower support, housing, education, chapel and quality of life programs on a 301,000-acre base in the middle of the Mojave Desert, the second largest base in the U.S. Air Force. USAF wings are structured to fulfill a mission from a specific base, and contain a headquarters and four groups: an operations group, a maintenance group, a medical group and a mission support group. Wing Headquarters. Each wing consisted of a number of squadrons (the term "squadron" already being used by both the Army and the Navy). Air Force public servants of equivalent air officer rank are; (1*) - SES Band-1/Assistant Secretary, (2*) - SES Band-2/First Assistant Secretary, Deputy Secretary (DEPSEC - 3*), and Secretary (SEC - 4*) A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. ..... 86 Figure 26.5. The internal structures of most wings are made up of spars and stringers running spanwise and ribs and formers or bulkheads running chordwise (leading edge to trailing edge). United States Air Force & Civil Air Patrol, U.S. We use wings and wing equivalents because the number of operations wings is The Air Force has a very limited number of direct reporting units:[2]. Modern wings, as we know them, began their existence with a service test of combat wings in 1947-1948. The USAFA corporate structure is modeled after the Headquarters Air Force decision making structure and is designed to identify, review and coordinate resource programming and other issues having broad institutional impact so that senior Academy leaders can make informed resource and policy decisions in a timely and efficient manner. How the Air Force is structured. The numbered air force (NAF) is a tactical echelon directly under an operational MAJCOM that provide operational leadership and supervision. Additionally, RAF stations are administratively divided into wings. The Royal Air Force's (RAF) command structure remains complex and takes some explaining. CONUS based AFRC units are assigned to AFRC. If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Air National Guard of the United States, which is one of two reserve components of the United States Air Force, and part of the National Guard of the United States. In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Monica Roybal) The squadrons of a CVW are also assigned to administrative type wings (such as Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic). Maintenance and flying squadrons will remain separate and will continue doing, Army Air Forces wings that existed before 1947 are not comparable with the wings of the USAF. Air National Guard of the United States units or members may be called up for federal active duty in times of Congressionally sanctioned war or national emergency. These organization designations include: This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Operations Group Structure. The Air Force Reserve Command shall be operated as a separate command of the Air Force. 206 Air Force Infrastructure Wing (2008 – up today) Structure. The World War II German Luftwaffe Geschwader and Gruppe were similar to the wing and group of the United States Army Air Forces of the same era. Civil Air Patrol ("CAP") is a Congressionally chartered, federally supported, non-profit corporation that serves as the official auxiliary of the USAF. The Royal Flying Corps was amalgamated with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918, creating the Royal Air Force. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. Wing Structure..... 85 Figure 26.4. As of 30 September 2006, USAF had 17 independent groups, nine of them flying establishments. (c) Assignment of Forces.— The Secretary of the Air Force—, (1) shall assign to the Air Force Reserve Command all forces of the Air Force Reserve stationed in the continental United States other than forces assigned to the unified combatant command for special operations forces established pursuant to section 167 of this title; and. Other wings, such as Air Expeditionary Wings, exist for various other purposes, and their scope may extend to one base, one theater or worldwide. It is a DRU because the unit's specific and focused duties, legal issues that necessitate the unit's independence, or other factors such as national security concerns. For instance, CFB Trenton in Ontario was redesignated 8 Wing Trenton. ..... 84 Figure 26.2. Unlike their USAF counterparts, all USN and USMC air wings are tenant activities ashore and have no command responsibility for the installation at which they are normally based when not afloat or forward deployed. "In many cases, the numerical designation of the wing came from the combat group that preceded it and became an integral part of the post-World War II wing. 78 Wing No. This page was last updated on 17/07/2015. Some wings, for example Delaware Wing, have only one group due to the small geographical and manpower size of the wing. The Air Wing Headquarters is tasked with command, control, and coordination of the Unit's squadrons, in order to ensure Unit readiness to respond to various operational requirements, both locally and overseas. Non-English equivalents of the British wing include the German Gruppe, Italian Gruppo, and French groupe. A major subdivision of the Air Force, the major command (MAJCOM) is directly subordinate to HQ USAF or the Air Staff. "Constituted combat wings are always numbered in a single series beginning with Arabic "1st". Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Air National Guard is part of a state's National Guard and is divided up into units stationed in each of the 50 states and U.S. territories and operates under their respective state governor or territorial government. The senior headquarters of the Department of the Air Force, Headquarters Air Force (HAF) consists of two staffs in the Pentagon: the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff. Additionally, maintenance operations were integrated into the fighter squadrons … Basic Numbered and Named Air Force Structure (Does not apply to component Numbered Air Forces). There were both named and numbered divisions, mostly air divisions. "The U.S. Army Air Service/U.S. 9:29. The RFC usage of wing was maintained in the new service.[1]. There is only one wing on an Air Force base, and the Wing Commander is quite often considered to be the "Installation Commander." an army wing) and a "Naval Wing". The several wings assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing's … Wings have a distinct mission with a specific scope, reporting to the NAF or HQ USAF. In the 1990s, the Canadian Forces Air Command (the post-1968 RCAF until 2011) altered the structure of those bases under its control, declaring them to be Wings under the overall control of 1 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg. While the term "wing" had been used in the cavalry, its more general use predominated. The United States Navy follows the British structure in that a wing is an administrative formation commanding two or more squadrons of aircraft that are based on land. [3] It performs three congressionally-assigned key missions: emergency services, which includes search and rescue (by air and ground) and disaster relief operations; aerospace education for youth and the general public; and cadet programs for teenage youth. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a Major Command. In the British Air Training Corps, a wing consists of a number of squadrons within a designated geographical area, usually named after the county in which it is based. A Squadron is considered to be the basic unit in the USAF. The activities are specialized or associated with an Air Force-wide mission, and do not include functions performed in management headquarters, unless specifically directed by a DoD authority. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. From World War II onwards, operational flying wings have usually been commanded by group captains (equivalent to colonels), whereas ground-based wings have continued to be commanded by wing commanders. The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, this month will start testing a new organizational structure, removing commanders, cutting a group, and realigning maintenance units to make the wing more deployable. In United States Air Force usage, a military organization above a squadron level (group, wing, air division, numbered air force, air component command, Major Command (MAJCOM)) is an establishment, while that of a squadron and lower (squadron, flight, detachment) is a unit.[2]. The term "direct reporting unit" comes from the fact that the unit reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force or to a designated representative on the Air staff.[1]. The United States Navy follows the British structure in that a wing is an administrative formation commanding two or more squadrons of aircraft that are based on land. These wings were temporary Table of Distribution (T/D) organizations, each having a combat group (the only Table of Organization establishment of the wings), an airdrome group, a maintenance and supply group, and a station medical group. World War II wings, for example, were very large administrative and operational organizations that usually controlled several combat groups and numerous service organizations, often located at widely scattered locations. All constituted wings have one, two, or three digits in their numerical designations. In addition to the aforementioned unit structures, the USAF has used, and still uses, a variety of other designations to identify organizations. The commander of the Air Force Reserve Command reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. The experimental structure, initiated by Gen. Mike Holmes, Air Combat Command commander, directs the 366th Fighter Wing to create an organization that will test possible ways to improve … (2) except as otherwise directed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of forces assigned to carry out functions of the Secretary of the Air Force specified in section 8013 of this title, shall assign to the combatant commands all such forces assigned to the Air Force Reserve Command under paragraph (1) in the manner specified by the Secretary of Defense. Two or more groups in the Air Force form a wing. The US Air Force’s (USAF) Air Combat Command (ACC) 366th Fighter Wing is set to test a new experimental wing organisational structure that will evaluate possible ways to enhance squadron readiness, develop unit leaders and support innovation. The base commander of these bases (as well as other wings whose headquarters were stood up on bases not controlled by Air Command, such as 16 Wing at CFB Borden and 1 Wing at CFB Kingston) were re-designated Wing Commanders (or Wg Comd). In these air forces a wing is inferior to a group. Several wings are combined into a Naval Air Force. WildBlueYonder 23,181 views. While the original pre-unification Royal Canadian Air Force followed the British pattern, the modern Royal Canadian Air Force is an example of a Commonwealth air force which does not follow British usage. As of 30 September 2006 USAF had 120 wings, including 57 flying (manned aircraft) wings. 67th Cyberspace Wing, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas 70th ISR Wing, Fort George G. Meade, Md. Several such examples are the Republic of Korea Air Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, the Royal Thai Air Force, the Philippine Air Force, the Peruvian Air Force, the Venezuelan Air Force, the Ecuadorian Air Force and the Brazilian Air Force. In the United States Marine Corps, a Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) is an overall command, equivalent to a Marine Division, consisting of at least two Marine Aircraft Groups, a Marine Air Control Group (MACG), a Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron (MWHS), and a Marine Wing Headquarters (the Wing Commander and his staff). Most USAF wings are commanded by a Colonel, but some are commanded by Brigadier Generals. In 1915, the Royal Flying Corps had significantly expanded and it was felt necessary to create organizational units which would control two or more squadrons; the term "wing" was re-used for these new organizational units. 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