These are by no means exhaustive. Read Also: Drug Nomenclature: How Does A Drug Get Its Name? Site Policies / Contact Me  / About Me / Sitemap, Follow me on:  Facebook  / Pinterest  / Instagram  / Twitter. Nigeria: Snaap Press Ltd. 2. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. lists common prefi xes. 1. Start studying Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 Test. A medical term using a prefix, root and suffix is pericarditis, which is formed by the combination "peri," "card" and "itis." a narrowed coronary artery), hemiplegia (severe paralysis affecting one side of the body due to damage of the central nervous system), orthopnoea (a condition in which a person has great difficulty in breathing while lying down), erythropoiesis (the formation of red blood cells in red bone marrow), apraxia (a condition in which someone is unable to make proper movements), diarrhoea (a condition in which someone frequently passes liquid faeces), endoscope (tool for observing the interior of body organs), duodenostomy (a permanent opening made between the duodenum and the abdominal wall), ataxia (a failure of the brain to control movements), canaliculotomy (a surgical operation to open up a little canal), lithotripsy (the process of breaking up kidney or gall bladder stones into small fragments that the body can eliminate them unaided), hypertrophy (an increase in the number or size of cells in a tissue). If you are like me, medical terminology is often very confusing and complicated. For examples when a prefix ends in the vowel 'o' and the suffix begins with a vowel - you drop the 'o' when combing the two. They can seem almost like a different language. They are put together from other words that serve as the building blocks of medical language. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Prefix: ab- , abs-. It can be a whole word or part of a word. It is worthy to note that not all medical terms have prefixes. Medical Definition of Macro- (prefix) Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Macro- (prefix): Prefix from the Greek "makros" meaning large or long. ), nullipara (a woman who has never borne a child), oliguria (an abnormally low excretion of urine), panacea (a medicine which is supposed to cure everything), paranasal (beside the nose), paraesthesia (abnormal or an unexplained tingling sensation), polyuria (production of excessive amounts of urine), precancer (a growth or cell which is not malignant but which may become cancerous), pseudocyesis (spurious or false pregnancy), quadriplegia (paralysis of the four limbs of the body), reinfection (infection of an area for another time after recovery, especially with the same microorganism), retrograde (going backwards or deteriorating), retroperitoneal (at the back of the peritoneum), semicomatose (almost unconscious or half asleep, but capable of being woken up), syndrome (a group of symptoms occurring together regularly, and thus constituting a disease to which some particular name is given), tetraplegia (paralysis of the body’s four limbs, also called quadriplegia. A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  Pin, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides, describing both of two, pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as "against" or "opposed to" another, indicating "short or less commonly "little", of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes, eyelids, applied to processes and parts of the body describing them likened or similar to horns, of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip joint, duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small intestine, connects to the stomach, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, denotes something as "inside" or "within", of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, use to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", denotes the sense "born in, from" or "of a certain kind", denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, denotes something as "extreme" or "beyond normal", of or pertaining to medicine, or a physician, denotes a field in medicine of a certain body component, of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip joint, of or pertaining to the abdomen wall, flank, of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is, denotes someone who studies a certain field, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field, pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus, denoting something as small, or relating to smallness, of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system, gullet (passage of food from mouth to stomach), denoting something as "having little or few", of or pertaining to the navel or umbilicus, of or pertaining to the nail of a finger or toe, of or relating to chemical properties of the eye, denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as "complete" or containing "everything", indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling, denotes something relating to digestion or the digestive tract, position "surrounding" or "around" another, conditions relating to eating or ingestion, of or pertaining to the pharynx, the upper throat cavity, denotes something as "after" or "behind" another, denotes something as "first" or "most important", falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double sided", of or pertaining to the spine, the vertebra, denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", "narrow in shape" or pertaining to narrowness, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as "relating to a woman, feminine", of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated "across" or "through", of or pertaining to hair, hairlike structure, of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus, of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, chemistry of urine, of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera, denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow color, Medical References and Resources for Caregivers, From List of Medical Prefixes and Suffixes to Home, https://www.translationdirectory.com/glossaries/glossary328.php, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes. 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