Second wife of Pandu and daughter of the king of Madras, Madri uses Kunti's mantra to summon the fleet-footed gods, the Aswins. A sly and largely evil figure, Sakuni serves as a contrast to such men as Kripa and Vidura, who represent wisdom, restraint, and forthrightness. Indra also transports Arjuna to heaven for twelve years, and advises him on a variety of matters. Duryodhana and Sakuni exploit these qualities of Yudhishthira's character by inviting him to take part in a game of dice. He later exchanges sexes with a Rakshasa in order to fight in the great war. Kali Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. He also appears briefly in the Mahabharata: Bhima encounters Hanuman on his travels through the Kamyaka forest. He defends the town of Matsya from the attacking forces of Duryodhana, and slays Karna during the climactic moment of the great war. The `Mahabharata' has a deep underlying symbolism. Chitraratha Nakula Convincing her to make love to him, Parashara removed the odor of fish and replaced it with that of flowers. He is the main character of the most popular Hindu epic Mahabharata and eldest among the Kauravas, the hundred sons of King Dhritarashtra and Queen … Representing unchecked power, Bhima is the source of incredible carnage throughout the Mahabharata. He remains true to his dharma, or sacred duty as a warrior, even when it causes him great personal sorrow to do so. Amighty warrior, fleet of foot, Sahadeva accompanies his brothers throughout the Mahabharata, although both twins play a secondary role to the sons of Kunti: Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna. He is representative of honor and wisdom in the poem. Though Draupadi refuses him and attempts to warn him of the vengeance of her husbands, Kichaka is resolute in his passions and refuses to give up. A rishi, or sage, Vrihadaswa tells the tale of Nala and Damayanti to Yudhishthira. The key characteristics of women are seen as submission, suppression, obedience and silence. Although driven by malice and pride, Duryodhana behaves generously on occasion—but usually with an ulterior motive. No one is pure good and no one is pure evil. Eldest son of Dhritarashtra, Prince Duryodhana plays the role of chief antagonist in the Mahabharata. Androgynous characters in Mahabharata‎ (2 P) H Hanuman‎ (1 C, 3 P) R Rakshasa in the Mahabharata‎ (6 P) S Surya‎ (1 C, 1 P) Y Yakshas‎ (3 C, 24 P) Pages in category "Characters in the Mahabharata" The following 179 pages are in this category, out of 179 total. His name means "dark," and Krishna is usually represented as having dark blue skin. He refuses, offering to grant any other wish, but she is steadfast. It outlines and explains the mental characteristics of a person and how it effects that person’s behavior. Word Count: 321. According to the story of his birth, Drona was conceived when his father saw a heavenly Apsara and his seed fell into a bowl of water. He takes the form of a small copper beetle in order to achieve entry to Parikshit's guarded dwelling and commit the act. In addition to his role as a man of knowledge, Vyasa fathers the kings Pandu and Dhritarashtra by the former wives of his half-brother, Vichitravirya. Vyasa is widely understood to be the scribe of the Mahabharata, and is considered one of the seven immortal beings in the Hindu faith. Following the war, Dhritarashtra laments the destruction of his sons and steps down from his throne. A Micropolitical Analysis. Kunti is the first wife of King Pandu. Son of Abhimanyu and Uttarah, and grandson of Arjuna, Parikshit succeeds Yudhishthira as king of Kurujangala following the former's abdication and departure for the holy Mount Meru. A sage, or rishi, Markandeya recites the tale of "Savitri" to comfort Yudhishthira after the abduction of Draupadi by King Jayadratha. Kunti By Gouthama Siddarthan. King Virata's son, Uttara—along with Arjuna—repels Duryodhana's invasion of Matsya. When he hears the untruth that his son is dead he throws down his weapons in anguish and is slain by the king's son, Dhrishtadyumna. Their first cousins, a … His name means "awe-inspiring," and this son of Santanu and the goddess Ganga is an emblem of the wise warrior. Bhima Sahadeva Although an unconquerable fighter at the start of the great battle, Arjuna experiences an intense feeling of self-doubt and loses his resolution to fight when he sees his kinsmen lined up against him. Aswatthaman was born with a blue jewel affixed to the middle of his forehead, which he relinquishes to Arjuna after his final defeat. Prior to her marriage with Pandu, she tests the spell by calling Surya, god of the sun, who impregnates her with her son Karna. Pompous and vain, Kichaka is nevertheless a respected general whose death prompts Duryodhana to launch an invasion of Virata's kingdom. Duryodhana, who has been looking for a warrior skilled enough to defeat his enemy Arjuna, makes Karna king of Anga. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Her pregnancy by Dhritarashtra lasts for two years. Great-grandson of Arjuna, King Janamejaya rules Kurujangala as the story opens. Learn. In the course of the Mahabharata, Shiva provides a powerful weapon to Arjuna for his use in the war against the Kauravas. A beautiful heavenly dancer called an Apsara, Urvasi curses Arjuna to live for one year as a eunuch after he rejects her offers of love. Unlike in the story of Valmiki where, Yayati speaks about the daughter of a guru named Devayani, she got into a fight with the demon princess Sarmishta over the fact that Sarmishta accidently wore Devayani’s clothing as they came out of a pool. Yuyutsu He marries Gandhari, who bears him one hundred sons, the Kauravas, who are the antagonists of the poem and represent the forces of evil and chaos. Her strength of character is equal to that of her five husbands, and from her comes the most resolute feminine perspective in the Mahabharata. When Duhsasana attacks Bhima during the great war, Bhima fulfills this promise and slays the Kaurava prince. Sauti Though valiant, he and his kinsmen are slaughtered by the mighty Pandava bowman. Noble and aloof, he is the foremost example of the Hindu warrior who follows the precepts of dharma, or sacred duty. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. She expels a ball of flesh from her womb. Although he never leaves the forest where he was bom, Ghatotkacha takes part in the great war on the side of the Pandavas. Finally, Yama suggests that he return Saryavan's soul in exchange for half of Savitri's remaining days. When the tide of battle turns, Duryodhana flees rather than fight and perhaps die with honor. How does Shakuntala represent the feminine ideal of Indian women in Mahabharata, and when does she fall short of that ideal? She reacts to Vyasa's frightful appearance by closing her eyes, and her son Dhritarashtra is born blind. Dhritarashtra is the eldest grandson of Santanu. A respected figure in the Kuru court, Drona acts as an advisor to Dhritarashtra and serves as general of the Kaurava army after the elimination of Bhishma. Gandhari Vyasa also appears in the work as the son of Satyavati from a union prior to her marriage with King Santanu. However we can still make a list of his virtues and vices. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Despite these continual assaults on her character and person, however, Draupadi maintains her poise, balance, and dignity throughout the poem. Grandson of Santanu and primogenitor in name of the Pandavas, Pandu is crowned king of Kurujangala because his elder brother, Dhritarashtra, was born blind. Virtues: 1. After the war, Yudhishthira, now king, feels a great responsibility for the near total destruction of his people. He catches the soul in his noose and begins to walk off. After ruling peacefully for sixty years, Parikshit, in a fit of rage over his unsuccessful hunting, shoots an innocent Naga. Son of Dhritarashtra and a slave girl, Yuyutsu defects from the Kaurava to the Pandava army moments before the great battle begins. The central protagonist of the Mahabharata and one of the two primary characters in the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is a Pandava warrior who fights his cousins, the Kauravas, over his kingdom of Hastinapura … read analysis of Arjuna And, they're not getting ready to play a game, but engage in a pretty serious battle. Duty-bound to serve his king and country, his first allegience is to the Dhritrashtra and his sons. Krishna tells Arjuna that he must fight with detachment, without desire, according to the dictates of dharma, his sacred duty. She refuses, and instead flees west to be with her true love, the King of Salwa. Krishna counteracts its force, however, by telling the Pandavas to drop their weapons and turn their thoughts from war, rendering them immune to its power. Kripi The central protagonist of the Mahabharata and one of the two primary characters in the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is a Pandava warrior who fights his cousins, the Kauravas, over his kingdom of Hastinapura. Yama It is the tale of … fish girl, daughter of a king and a fish, very beautiful but foul smelling, makes love with a hermit and has son Vyasa (takes her foul scent away), marries King Santanu under the condition that their children will rule. A legendary king, Kuru gives his name to the Bharata people. After the Narayana fails, Aswatthaman is demoralized and believes the Kauravas will lose. Human beings who get labelled, when we look back some people get labelled as good, some people as great, some people as bad, some people as evil. King Santanu falls in love with Ganga while she is on earth and asks her to be his queen. Word Count: 257. Categories: Related content. The snake-man then curses the king to die in one week. Second son of King Santanu, Vichitravirya has two wives, Ambika and Ambalika—secured for him by Bhishma. Instead of ruling, Bhishma seeks to strengthen his race through wise action. The epic is a narrative of the Kurukshetra war but also contains much philosophical and devotional material. After nine days of battle the Pandavas learn this fact and send Sikhandin against Bhishma. The god of the dead, Yama appears in Markandeya's tale of Savitri. And a daughter, Uttarah marries Abhimanyu and gives birth to Parikshit 's guarded dwelling and commit act... 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