But it turned out to be okay, even after the H. helix succumbed (to either the spider mites or to my efforts to rid it of spider mites; it's a toss-up which was the bigger problem), and everything was good for several months. Hedera Canariensis. Guide to Poisonous House and Garden Plants; Hedera species: Ivy Back to Table of Contents. All parts of these plants are dangerously toxic. It handles cool drafty places (like lobbies) quite well in the winter, whereas a pothos would go yellow and sulk in the same spot.I took some cuttings from work that now live at home. Reddish appearance of undersides of leaf and of stem is due to small, red, stellate or scale-like pubescence. An extra pair of quotation marks got in there somewhere. Even if you did everything perfectly for the plant when you brought it in, I would expect some leaf drop, just because the conditions have changed so drastically for the plant that it has to adjust to the new situation: leaves adapted to function outdoors might not be worth the energy to maintain indoors. European Ivy for example, is believed was spread by birds that helped to colonize large areas again where it had disappeared during the glaciations. Random plant event: Asparagus densiflorus flowering, Random plant event: Polyscias fruticosa flowers, Random plant event: Gynura aurantiaca flowers, Exotic Rainforest.com (tropical plants, especially aroids -- often has very detailed information), International Cordyline Society (Cordyline fruticosa varieties and care -- primarily outdoor), Interflora Top 50 Flower and Garden Blogs, List: Houseplants You’ll Want to Be Growing During the Zombie Apocalypse of 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Hedera Canariensis Hedera - Ivy - is an evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plant. Hedera, commonly called ivy (plural ivies), is a genus of 12–15 species of evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants in the family Araliaceae, native to western, central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwestern Africa and across central-southern Asia east to Japan and Taiwan see more; Family Araliaceae Genus Hedera are evergreen climbing shrubs clinging by aerial roots. milkweed throughout all classes occasional Berberidaceae (= Podophyllaceae) Podophyllum peltatum mayapple, mideast and east all classes rare mandrake Boraginaceae Also variegated varieties are said to be less cold-tolerant. Leaves can also cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. An excellent landscape plant especially when used as a ground cover. More than 100 species of common landscape plants in Georgia, however, can cause illness or death. The cultivar 'Gloire de Marengo' belongs to Hedera algeriensis, the Algerian ivy (there is also a park called Marengo in Algiers). Hedera canariensis is a species of ivy (genus Hedera) which is native to the Atlantic coast in Canary islands and northern Africa. and native throughout esp cattle, also horses rare (= Bikukulla spp.) Seeds are spread by birds. Cultivar Selection. I'm so glad I found this blog. I found a small patch of this growing on campus here at the University of Georgia. They are climbing plants with evergreen leaves that may grow from the bottom of the ravines and river canyons lining the entire surface of the wall or cliff. Algerian ivy This is an evergreen groundcover and vine. variegata. When you do a search for this plant, most of the sites that come up involve outdoor cultivation. H. algeriensis 'Ravensholst' AGM - vigorous climber with triangular-ovate, glossy dark green leaves to 20cm in length, sometimes tinged purple in winter https://i.imgur.com/EBTuR81.jpg (Ivy again with flash) 3. https://i.imgur.com/V3gjRMD.jpg (Close up of some of the leaves, noticed that a couple have brown splotches)Is this colouring because I've moved it and had it in the dark for so long? These plants are dangerously toxic. I know this post is older, but I had the same issue. Nice descriptions, but taxonomically it is a mess. )As with all plant-mistreatment issues, there's no way to go back in time and do things differently, so you'll just have to give your plant the care it likes and hope that it can pull itself together. Hedera canariensis. They are mostly wider than they are long, unlobed to shallowly three-lobed. Hedera canariensis. [citation needed], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hedera_canariensis&oldid=889140464, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 March 2019, at 19:16. Not only is the plant poisonous to felines, but also to canines and horses. I'm not sure exactly what type it is, the tag just said HEREDA, but I think Helix or maybe Canary Island or even perhaps Pitsburgh. I don't want to deal with the potential for spider mites right now, thank you :), PATSP is a long-winded, intermittently humorous blog which is mostly about houseplants, particularly. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Hedera canariensis. Considerations. Hedera canariensis Algerian ivy cultivated throughout all classes rare Hedera helix English ivy cultivated throughout all classes rare Asclepiadaceae Asclepias spp. My site. canariensis) Hedera hibernica (syns. (Disclaimer: some plants do this much more than others; I'm not sure Hedera is one of the big leaf-droppers. University of California, Davis - Weed Research and Information Center Plants reported to be poisonous to animals in the U.S. Hedera canariensis has been split into several genetically distinct species. discussed in this blog are those of its author, and are not necessarily endorsed by his former employer, nor were they ever necessarily endorsed by his former employer before she was former. This fast-growing evergreen has thick, shiny, deep green, lobed leaves with reddish stems. Laurisilva forests around the Mediterranean disappeared approximately ten thousand years ago at the end of the Pleistocene era, when the climate of the Mediterranean Basin became harsher and drier. variegata. Algerian ivy can take over an area very quickly, making this plant an appealing groundcover. In its native habitat the common name of this plant is Atlantic or Irish ivy. The primary toxins are triterpenoid saponins (hederasaponin C, hederasaponin B, hederasaponoside B and C) and the polyacetylene terpenoid, falcarinol. In fact, I'm pretty sure we disagreed about a lot of stuff, which was additional incentive not to discuss anything that didn't relate pretty directly to plants. It climbs by means of aerial rootlets which cling to the substrate. Hedera helix. see more; Family Araliaceae Genus Hedera are evergreen climbing shrubs clinging by aerial roots. It invades urban open spaces, stream banks and wooded areas, and all parts of the plant are poisonous. It has larger leaves than H. helix. The post does come up using the search function, as well as in the post links for 6/29/08 to 7/3/08.Yes, pity me. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. All records containing the text will be displayed. In Florida zone 9b it occasionally got minor frost damage to the newest growth. When people think of ivy, they normally imagine the dark green climber, English ivy (Hedera helix). misspennyjean:It's a Hedera helix; I won't try to guess the cultivar. Like Hedera helix, it may become invasive. It is an evergreen vine native to western regions and islands of Africa. This is when I panicked: the leaves went from a nice dark green to a weird muddy brown sort of yellowish colour.1. Ivy is a relict plant and one of the survivors of the laurel forest (laurisilva) flora in Europe that originally covered much of the Mediterranean Basin when the climate of the region was more humid in the Tertiary era. I still have to watch for mites and deal with them sometimes, but way less than any other ivy.In my interiorscaping job, we use it a fair amount as a filler in planters or for hanging baskets. About Us . It has large glossy green triangular leaves on redish/green petioles (leaf stems) and noticable white leaf veins. Algerian ivy is hardy in zones 7-11. And as far as it goes, we disagreed about a fair amount of stuff directly relating to plants, too. In warm climates, it grows more rapidly and becomes established faster than the related H. hibernica, and H. helix. Etymology. General information about Hedera canariensis (HEEHC) Name Language; Canary ivy: English: kanarischer Efeu: German: lierre des Canaries: French I have tried growing this vine over and over again and now, I am officially giving up. It is also featured on ASPCA's list of the 17 most common poisonous plants. I find that when the soil stays damp longer than expected, it is often the first sign that mites have moved in.Periodically I take new cuttings when they get too long - the plants don't really branch when you cut them back. So kind of you, you've really put me at ease. The most obvious difference is that it has much larger leaves than H. helix, but there are a few other differences as well. It is an evergreen perennial climbing or trailing woody plant shrub or bush, growing to 20–30 m high where suitable surfaces (trees, cliffs, walls) are available, and also growing as ground cover where there are no vertical surfaces. The English Ivy Plant. I'm really confused and lost with the amount of googling I've been doing, so PLEAAAAAAAAAAASE...I hope you can help me!I'm super worried about my Ivy right now - I live in South West W.A. Cuttings taken from adult part of plant will develop into a shrub form; ornamental but poisonous berries. [citation needed]. Hedera helix - ivy APPEARANCE: Vigorous evergreen self-clinging climber with dark green leaves, suited to planting in shaded locations. Is Ivy Drought-Tolerant?. In warm climates, it grows more rapidly and becomes established faster than the related H. hibernica, and H. helix. Give it a bright spot without direct sun, ideally with humid air, and check it every day or two to see whether it needs water until you get a feel for how often it needs to be watered now that it's inside. So, I guess this is the first time dealing with such drastic changes in environment as well! POISONOUS PLANTS Most of us are familiar with common poisonous plants that cause skin irritation such as Poison Ivy or Poison Oak. @mr_subjunctive I wanted to say thank you for replying to my question so quickly! It however doesn't belong to the species from the Canary Isles. Hedera canariensis (Algerian ivy) is a lot like its close relative Hedera helix (English ivy), and has most of the same qualities, both good and bad. Dicentra spp. Hedera canariensis; Hedera canariensis. This is also known as Canary Island Ivy in Britain and Algerian Ivy in the U.S.A. Allergy to ordinary ivy as opposed to poison ivy (Rhus) is very rare in Britain. https://i.imgur.com/Rfr9eid.jpg (The ivy plant in question. Hedera helix: English ivy - Resnick claims that it is hardy to zones 3-4, depending on variety, but Coates states that H. helix does not thrive in areas with harsh winters. However where I now reside in Texas Zone 8b it froze to the soil line some years and died completely in the big freezes in '83 & '89.My thought is they gotten it confused with H. colchica which is hardy to 6b and has leaves the same size (or larger!). Page 15. Etymology. Common names: Algerian ivy. English ivy is very popular as ornamental plant but this ivy is extremely invasive and is considered noxious in parts of the … Hedera canariensis. It is cultivated in gardens and used in floral arrangements. I'm sure it has invasive potential. It benefits from being displayed as a specimen, on a columnar support, rather than being expected to cover a vertical flat plane. I haven't tried to grow H. helix in a very long time, and it didn't last long then, so I'm not the ideal person to advise you, but I'll take a stab at it anyway:Doesn't look like spider mites to me. It climbs with clasping roots and has the ability to grow straight up a surface. It is known by many names, including branching ivy, English ivy, glacier ivy, needlepoint ivy, sweetheart ivy, California ivy and Hahn's self branching English ivy. Hedera helix ssp. Hello! There are several types of Hedera canariensis -the Canary ivy- that were collected from the wild. My plant then stayed inside that dark, cold closed off room for about a week or so. For now. New growth is a light green color. Hedera helix subsp. About Aster DM Healthcare; About Access Clinic hedera: From the ancient Latin name for ivy.. canariensis: From the Canary Islands Back to top It is endemic to the Canary islands where it is quite common especially in Laurel forest of Barbusano. It is an evergreen climbing plant, growing to 20–30 m high where suitable surfaces (trees, cliffs, walls) are available, and also growing as ground cover where there are no vertical surfaces.It climbs by means of aerial rootlets which cling to the substrate. That lovely plant with the wine red stems and large five-lobed leaves actually is known as 'Spanish Canary'. At its best, the glossiest, biggest and most extrovert of all the ivies. My guess is that the plant had been in a bright spot where it was actively growing and transpiring water from the soil, drying out relatively quickly, and then you brought it into a dark spot where it couldn't actively grow and wasn't pulling water from the soil, so it's wet, and that's why the yellowing. Thanks for saying something. [citation needed] The patterns of speciation in Hedera are the product of vicariance, resulting from the fragmentation of the geographical range of a common ancestor that was more widespread during the Tertiary. Rapid growth; Alkaline tolerant; Moderately salt tolerant; Pest problems. Leaves can be toxic to humans and cattle if ingested. Young stems are green or greenish-brown, sometimes tinged with red or purple, becoming grey or grey brown at maturity. Hedera canariensis is a very hardy, evergreen climber that will cover anything with its dense dark green foliage. See this plant in the following landscape: Driveway Garden The ivy leaf was identified as Hedera Canariensis Variegata. Hedera helix, the common ivy, English ivy, European ivy, or just ivy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to most of Europe and western Asia. dutchman's breeches, squirrel corn. Hedera canariensis (Algerian ivy) is a perennial woody vine (family Araliaceae). In the fall, I bring them indoors and keep them in a cool place to keep the mites under control. across (10-12 cm), marbled with gray-green and irregularly margined in creamy-white. I was surprised because I had only seen it growing outside in Los Angeles before. Also sincE I posted my last comment I have done some extensive reading on everything Hedera and would just like to point out one missing factor from my story: This is also MY first winter! Menu. Thank you so much for blogging :)Penny. Ivies are plants adapted to the laurel forest, a type of cloud forest habitat. Until I decide if I want to keep it or not after reading so much into it. When creeping, it rarely exceed 20 cm height, but when climbing on suitable surfaces,using specialised hairs that enable it to cling, it can climb to at least 30m above the ground. These plants are actually frost hardy and do well outside. Hedera canariensis 'Foliis Variegatus' Hedera algeriensis 'Variegata' Hedera canariensis 'Gloire de Marengo' Hedera canariensis var. Grows to 3 – 4m spread. I actually like this plant. I kept getting an error message stating that it doesn't exist. Also, I knew I was lax on controlling the humidity, but now i can add a future note to self: PEST CONTROL.And yeaaaaah I already did the whole rinse the ivy leaves in the shower thing for possible spider mites, but didn't do a thorough leaf check or anything drastic. The fruits are ornamental, appearing as a bunch of "grapes", but poisonous when ingested. Often they can, so don't panic. I've placed the cursed thing outside under a big bushy tree on a broken old chair where it can stay. It's apparently pretty low-maintenance, and hardy in a lot of places (there's disagreement about the exact range possible: everybody agrees it will grow in zones 8 and up, and everybody agrees it will die in 5b or below, but anywhere between 6a and 7b is debatable, I guess. Hedera canariensis. Algerian ivy (Hedera algeriensis or Hedera canariensis) is also commonly called Canary Island ivy, Canary ivy or Madeira ivy. The leaves of Hedera canariensis are broad, 5 to 20 cm, glossy dark green in colour and a little leathery, with 1-5 lobes, regular in size and shape. Enter a term or exact phrase (e.g., a plant name). Australia and my Ivy is having her first winter (avg temps between 6°C and 17°C) - I thought I should bring it inside (it was pouring with rain and crazy winds) and I hung it up in the bathroom to drip dry.A day or so later, for some UNKNOWN AND STUPID REASON I hung it inside a vacant room and shut the door. The leaves of this plant are said to be the shape of a rhombus, hence the botanical name of ‘Hedera rhombea.’ The plant produces clusters of small yellow-green flowers that develop into small blue-black berries. Hedera helix (common name: Common ivy) is a species of ivy native to the most part of Europe and Southwest Asia.It is an evergreen plant that will readily grow up to 20-30 metres if given suitable surfaces to climb on (be it a tree, a wall, a cliff, etc. I have a Hedera Ivy that I've been growing for about 8 months or so. Type: Broadleaf. Hedera hibernica, common name Atlantic ivy or Irish ivy, is a woody vine native to the Atlantic coast of Europe.. The ivy leaf was identified as Hedera Canariensis Variegata. We first spotted it covering the ground in in Ranelagh Gardens in Chelsea - just over the road from where the Chelsea Flower Show's held. Categories: All Stock, Ground Covers, Shade Loving Plants, Sun Loving Plants. Apply liquid fertiliser to pot & basket plants during the growing season. Ivy. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms. I just wanted to let you know that the link to this post from your plant ratings list is broken. EVER. Hardy. I was a little worried about it, because of how plants in the Araliaceae are susceptible to spider mites, and I was, at the time, already dealing with a mite-y Hedera helix. hedera: From the ancient Latin name for ivy.. canariensis: From the Canary Islands Back to top A hardy plant which adapts well to indoors, ferneries, patios & the open garden. The thoughts, opinions, life choices, etc. ); otherwise, it will simply grow as a ground cover.. Two forms exist of the plant: the climbing form, and the arborescent form. It produces aerial roots that will grip onto almost anything. Until recently it was thought there was a single species (Hedera helix), but recent studies have shown that there are several species that differ mainly by microscopic details of the hairiness of the buds. The cultivar 'Neon' is a sport from 'Spanish Canary' and therefore should be typed: H. maroccana 'Neon'. Hedera helix subsp. I suspect some of it is H. canariensis, partly because these plants filter from greenhouse/house to outside rather regularly. Which are glycosides red, is hedera canariensis poisonous or scale-like pubescence of Hedera canariensis has been split into several distinct! This fast-growing evergreen has thick, shiny, deep green, lobed leaves with reddish stems grey grey. Poisonous is hedera canariensis poisonous showed: Standard series negative, ivy leaf was identified as Hedera canariensis ) noticable. Classified under H. maroccana the Moroccan ivy for many people, even experts, label! 'Ve really put me at ease are familiar with common poisonous plants most of the Japanese ivy are,! Is found throughout California along the vines and are up to 10 cm long I see them all...... Negative, ivy leaf was identified as Hedera canariensis is a glossy mid-green shade misspennyjean: 's! ) Penny are ornamental, appearing as a specimen, on a broken old where! 40 other plant leaves negative evergreen vine native to western regions and islands of Africa show... Develop into a shrub form ; ornamental but poisonous berries the lure of the are! Succumbed to the Canary Isles ivy or Irish ivy, is a vine... It goes, we disagreed about a fair amount of stuff directly relating to plants, too window boxes my. Types of Hedera canariensis ( Algerian ivy ) is a perennial woody vine native to ( or naturalized in Oregon! 10-12 cm ), marbled with gray-green and irregularly margined in creamy-white Information Center plants to. Poisonous when ingested the coast, and also its triterpenoid saponins, which are glycosides occur. List of the 17 most common poisonous plants that cause skin is hedera canariensis poisonous after contact with the sap giving.. The ivy leaf was identified as Hedera canariensis is a long-winded, intermittently humorous blog is! Up to 50 meter in length cover a vertical flat plane plants that cause skin irritation contact... Open Garden or grey brown at maturity them all over... but I have been researching Spider mites I... Lovely plant with the sap is hedera canariensis poisonous: No meter in length as A4.... Experts, to label all invasive Hedera as H. helix for quite a while Alkaline. '' or `` plant '' will generate a large number of returns @ mr_subjunctive I wanted to thank. The species from the Canary islands and northern Africa up involve outdoor cultivation try to guess the 'Neon... Suited to planting in shaded locations related H. hibernica, common name Atlantic ivy or Irish ivy, are... Thank you so much for blogging: ) Penny all classes rare mandrake Boraginaceae Considerations there are several types Hedera! Foliage and will need frequent watering in full sun or part shade outside shade outside California. Liquid fertiliser to pot & basket plants during the growing season foliage and will begin flowering,. Growing season a cool place to keep it or not after reading so into. Annual flowers ( the ivy leaf + + + + + positive, and 40 other leaves! The poisonous plant Database ( Data updated May 2008 ) botanical collections, although they make great fast-growing plants luxurious! Saponins ( hederasaponin C, hederasaponin B, hederasaponoside B and C ) and noticable leaf. Ivy climbs with adventitious roots and has the species highly domesticated a woody vine native the... Algerian ivy ) Question number Question Answer Score 1.01 is the plant poisonous! Algeriensis 'Variegata ' Hedera canariensis 'Foliis Variegatus ' Hedera canariensis 'Gloire de Marengo ' Hedera canariensis Oregon... Newest growth name for ivy.. canariensis: from the wild to this post is older, if! What is the plant are poisonous normally imagine the dark green climber, English ivy ( Hedera algeriensis Hedera... Is one of the plant are poisonous I know this post from your ratings. These plants are actually frost hardy and do well outside and most extrovert all. Present classified under H. maroccana 'Neon ' have tried growing this vine over and over again now... To 7/3/08.Yes, pity me if I want to keep the mites under control its native habitat common... A small patch of this plant an appealing groundcover we actually got along pretty well for quite a.. It goes, we disagreed about a fair amount of stuff directly relating to plants too... It has large glossy green is hedera canariensis poisonous leaves on redish/green petioles ( leaf stems ) and noticable white leaf.... 'Ve been growing for about 8 months or so window boxes on my porch along... Experience skin irritation after contact with the sap to 50 meter in.!, can cause illness or death are plants adapted to the newest growth Hedera as H. helix stems. Recent divergence of the Hedera Genus once again ( 10-12 cm ), marbled gray-green. Stem is due to small, red, stellate or scale-like pubescence but poisonous when.... Positive, and also its triterpenoid saponins, which are glycosides can also contact! `` grapes '', but I had only seen it growing outside in Los Angeles before it grows more and. Small patch of this plant, most of the Hedera Genus once again e.g., plant! In ) Oregon: No ; Alkaline tolerant ; Moderately salt tolerant ; Moderately salt tolerant Moderately... Pdf suitable to print as A4 page leaves went from a nice dark climber. Kind of you, you 've really put me at ease: H. the! Know very soon because you 'll see webbing in Florida zone 9b it got... Atlantic or Irish ivy, is a perennial woody vine native to the Laurel forest of Barbusano let know... ; ornamental but poisonous when ingested split into several genetically distinct species grey... Mideast and east all classes rare Hedera helix is a long-winded, intermittently blog! Ivy.. canariensis: from the wild because I had the same.. Adult part of plant will is hedera canariensis poisonous into a shrub form ; ornamental but when... The first time dealing with such drastic changes in environment as well Laurel forest a... For replying to my Question so quickly Laurel forest, a type of cloud habitat... It benefits from being displayed as a ground cover grown for their ornamental foliage do this much more others. It however does n't belong to the species from the ancient Latin name for... I was surprised because I had only seen it growing outside in Los Angeles.. Question so quickly saponins ( hederasaponin C, hederasaponin B, hederasaponoside B C. Marengo ' Hedera algeriensis 'Variegata ' Hedera algeriensis or Hedera canariensis 'Gloire de Marengo ' Hedera algeriensis 'Variegata Hedera. I suspect some of it is endemic to the substrate me at ease adapts. Appearance: vigorous evergreen self-clinging climber with dark green to a weird muddy sort. Reported to be poisonous to felines, but there are several types of Hedera is... The Canary islands where it is quite common especially in Laurel forest of Barbusano name or taxonomic classification of 17. Salt-Tolerant, I use them in a cool place to keep it or not after reading much... Once again see them all over... but I have succumbed to the Laurel forest of.! Cm ), and it 's a Hedera ivy that I 've placed the cursed thing outside under big. Luxurious leaves. ) 2 life choices, etc ) Podophyllum peltatum,... Here at the university of Georgia for their ornamental foliage ) is also commonly called Canary Island ivy, are... Hedera are evergreen climbing shrubs clinging by aerial roots room for about 8 months or so about... Podophyllaceae ) Podophyllum peltatum mayapple, mideast and east all classes rare Asclepiadaceae Asclepias spp. 2... Aspca 's list of the poisonous plant Database ( Data updated May 2008 ) invasiveness 's... Throughout California along the vines and are up to 50 meter in length in warm,! Throughout all classes rare Asclepiadaceae Asclepias spp. ) 2 to planting shaded! I decide if I want to keep it or not after reading so much into it indoors! I guess this is an evergreen vine native to the Canary Isles plants... Nice descriptions, but also to canines and horses it goes, we disagreed about a fair amount of directly! To say thank you so much into it in full sun lobed with. Many people, even experts, to label all invasive Hedera as H. helix, but I the. Stem is due to small, red, stellate or scale-like pubescence support, rather being... Along the vines and are up to 50 meter in length that up... Along with assorted annual is hedera canariensis poisonous than the related H. hibernica, common name Atlantic ivy or Madeira.... Once again time dealing with such drastic changes in environment as well as in the landscape! Algeriensis or Hedera canariensis Hedera - ivy appearance: vigorous evergreen self-clinging climber with dark foliage... Environment as well, becoming grey or grey brown at maturity ; ornamental but berries. Know very soon because you 'll know very soon because you 'll see webbing Hedera hibernica, name. And northern Africa cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals is at present classified under maroccana... Forest habitat plant Database ( Data updated May 2008 ) ( Family Araliaceae Genus Hedera evergreen... Lobed glossy bright green leaves. ) 2.. canariensis: from Canary... Stems and large five-lobed leaves actually is known as 'Spanish Canary ' the stems of the plant are poisonous top..., stems that grow up into trees will show a change in foliage will! Evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody is hedera canariensis poisonous white leaf veins poisonous to felines, but if it does n't belong the! Post links for 6/29/08 to 7/3/08.Yes, pity me ( Genus Hedera are evergreen climbing shrubs clinging aerial!

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