The banks were nationalized and the depositors lost their money, The New Economic Policy (NEP) was implemented in 1921. Due to rapid industrialisation men, women and children were forced to work in factories as their was a great demand for labourers. How did Russia’s participation in the World War cause the fall of the Tsar ? NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History : Extra Questions Included – All Q&A NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Textbook India and the Contemporary World I. The Socialist Ideas of the mid 19th century are as follows: Question 5. They wanted an elected form of Parliamentary governance. Question 7. Answer: Answer: Trade unions were kept under party control. Kolkhoz and Sovkhoj farms were established. Question 9. How did the 1905 Revolution in Russia prove to be a dress rehearsal of October 1917 Revolution ? Answer: Soldiers did not wish to fight such a war. State any three events after the Bloody Sunday which led to the revolution of 1905 in Russia. The Tsarist empire was transformed into a new state known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Soviet Union. The land was declared social property and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility. Take online test of the chapters from NCERT History Textbook (S.St) of Class 9. (b) Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Kerenskii was the ruler of Russia during the October Revolution. What was the basic principle of the Marxist theory ? Answer: (a) Marx believed that the conditions of workers could not improve if profit was accumulated by private capitalists. Answer: Pro-Government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. Question 1. Who was Helmuth? Question 1. Labourers were made to work long hours and were paid poorly. Question 11. Question 6. Lenin had proclaimed the right of all people to self-determination, including those under the Russian Empire. Banks, mines, factories, railways, telephones, etc. Answer: (b) Socialist Party in France. Discuss the positive aspects of the Bolshevik government on Soviet Union and its people. The welfare of the workers was neglected. The abdication of Tsar Nicholas-II. The global impact of the Russian Revolution were : Question 7. (a) The liberals did not believe in universal franchise. Why Democracy? The people who propagated socialism said that individuals, who owned property, did provide employment to many people but they were concerned with personal gains only. After 1905, most committees and unions worked unofficially. How Lenin’s name became inseparable from the Russian Revolution ? Answer: In Russia, the war was initially popular and people rallied around ________ . On 2nd March, Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a ________ . So. The Government nationalised all the factories and handed over their management to the workers. He believed this program would help in improving grain supplies. Most industries were the private property of industrialists. Why did Kerenskii’s Government become unpopular in Russia ? The bureaucracy was corrupt and inefficient. The news of the death of hundred of Russians provoked the workers in the cities to go on a general strike. What caused the rise of many revolutionary parties? He favoured the workers. The common people began to hate him and his notorious ministers. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. The Conservatives were truly conservative in their views . SOLVED QUESTION BANK. Answer: Russia was defeated by Japan, a tiny Asiatic country, in the Russo-Japanese war that took place in 1904 . On February 22, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank. Bolsheviks conducted elections to the constituent assembly; however, they failed to attain the majority. Answer: Their wages were less than the wages of men. The revolutionaries had demanded an improvement in the conditions of the industrial workers. Russia before 1914, Question 10. Required fields are marked *, Chapter 2 Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. Answer: Helmuth, was an eleven-year-old German boy who overheard his parent’s discussion on whether the entire family should be killed or only his father should commit suicide. One of the most important reforms that Alexander II carried out in his country was the liberation of millions of Serfs. Answer: They were paid less wages and were forced to work for long hours. Who headed the Provisional Government after the downfall of the Czar rule? The incident known as Bloody Sunday in history of Russia as the massacre had taken place on Sunday. Ans: There are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus. Factories were taken over by the government and handed over to the committee members, elected by workers who were to run it. a. Robert Owen The solutions for chapter 2 of India and the Contemporary World-I are given below. Question 5. Lenin died in 1924 and Joseph Stalin succeeded him. The land was declared as a social property and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility. Restrictions on public meetings and associations were removed. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Lawyers, doctors, engineers, middle class workers established Union of Unions and demanded a constituent assembly. The rapid growth in towns also caused problems in housing and sanitation. Their land holdings were very small and they had to pay heavy taxes. They did not bother about the welfare of the people. By taking online test of NCERT Class 9 Geography Textbook, you will be able to have deep understanding of that chapter. The students will also get to know about the following topics: 5. In Kolkhoz farms, the peasants worked collectively. The Russian people began to oppose the Tsar. Explain the significance of the Russian revolution. This lead to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Question 3. The uprising began on 24th October 1917. The Russian peasantry was in a miserable condition. In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before … Liberals, Question 2. The Global Influence of the Russian Revolution and the USSR. Answer: Answer: Answer: Question 24. The Kerenskii’s government become unpopular in Russia because : Question 2. Thus the Revolution of 1905 failed. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. In 1925, Stalin became General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union after the death of Lenin. In the meanwhile, the people marched down the streets of the capital to the royal palace to submit a petition containing their grievances but the Czar was in no mood to entertain them. He and the Bolsheviks had opposed the war since 1914. However, not everyone was in favour of this change in society, which give rise to factions like liberals, radicals and conservatives. Answer: Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. Immediately after coming to power, Lenin announced his decision to with draw from the First World War. Industrial equipment disintegrated more rapidly in Russia than elsewhere in Europe. b. Louis Banc of France (1813 – 1882) After completing his education, he joined the Communist Revolutionary Party and started spreading revolutionary ideas among the workers. (b) In cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Most industries were the private property of industrialists. Lenin’s name became inseparable from the Russian Revolution : Question 5. Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. (b) Land to be transferred to the peasants (c) The banks to be nationalized. Chapter 2 – Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. However they were made to pay a sum of money every year to compensate the landlord for the loss of his land. The common people who suffered most, were fed up with the absolute rule of the Tsar and wanted to get rid of him. In the cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Lenin took the land from the landlords and distributed it among the peasants. Many experiments were done in Arts and Architecture. The Russian peasants rose in revolt and burnt the homes of their rich landlords. Able bodied men were called up to the war. What were the immediate consequences of the Russian Revolution ? As a result of this a large number of secret revolutionary parties sprang up. Karl Marx called the industrial society as the ‘Capitalist’ society. He also favoured the setting up of the new society based on the principles of socialism of Karl Marx. On February 25, the government suspended the Duma. They led a miserable life. Why did the Tsarist autocracy collapse in 1917? Alexander I (1801-25) (d) Defeats were shocking and demoralising. Russia was an autocracy. Alexander II (1855-81), Which incident sparked the French Revolution? Name the international body formed to coordinate socialist efforts. When living conditions became harsh the poor among the 3rd estate revolted. Economic exploitation by capitalists and landlords came to an end. What was the new name given to the Bolshevik Party ? Under Lenin’s leadership, the Bolshevik Party put forward clear policies to end the war, transfer the land to the peasants and advance the slogan ‘All power to the Soviets’. Alexander II (1855-81) Xam Idea Class 9 History India and The Contemporary World I Chapter 2 Short Answer Questions Solutions is a complete exam preparation textbook for senior secondary classes. What was the global impact of the Russian Revolution ? Get the best NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 History and overcome your fear of facing the challenging History questions. What made the Czarist government bow to the demands of the common man? By the end of the month, the city was under the control of committee and ministers had resigned. What were the main changes brought about by the Bolsheviks immediately after the October Revolution? His wife and a number of nobles were killed. Stalin thought it was necessary to eliminate them so that farms could be modernised. All Russian Congress of Soviets became the Parliament of the country. Answer: Question 6. The Revolution put an end to autocratic monarchy in Russia. The large majority of the population were peasants, and the land was under the control of a few private people. Answer: Liberals. What does the term ‘conservative’ mean ? 100 workers were killed, and about 300 were wounded. The private property was confiscated. By December, Bolsheviks controlled the Moscow-Petrograd area. Answer: The main objectives of the Russian Revolutionaries were : Question 4. The international position of the Soviet Union became much better than the previous time and it became one of the super powers of the world. (a) Most industries and banks were nationalized in November 1917. Explain the main demands of “April Theses”. Question 4. (a) The war was initially popular, and people rallied around Tsar Nicholas II. Communist Governments were established in many European countries. The workers had no right to form trade unions or seek reforms. (a) Economic equality Answer: NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 provides all types of questions and answers in very easy language which helps students to grasp things very well and face exams confidently. How did the Bolshevik Party contribute to the Russian Revolution of October 1917 ? Explain the main effects of the First World War on the industries in Russia. The universities of Russia were closed when student bodies staged walkouts, complaining about the lack of civil liberties. The unemployment and economic backwardness was controlled to some extent. What was the cause for the French Revolution? Very Short Answer Type Questions [1 Mark] Question 1. (c) Workers must construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. The Social Democratic Party was most radical in its character. The industrial workers’ strike spread throughout the country and the Czarist government became seriously concerned with the worsening crisis. Due to the lengthy portion, TopperLearning experts have emphasised on questions that are most relevant and frequently asked in the board question papers from NCERT. The Czarist government stood exposed for its inadequacy at the war. Your email address will not be published. Extra Questions Class 7 History: Here we have given History-Our Pasts II History Extra Questions and Answers for CBSE Class 7 Students. Alexander I (1801-25) Answer: Question 9. Nicholas II also continued to remain as oppressive as the earlier Czars. Many young artists and writers continued to support the Party, as it stood for Socialism. Trade unions were kept under party control, the Secret Police punished anyone who criticised the Bolsheviks. There were restrictions on political activity. All debts were remitted. These changes were accompanied by violent turmoil which included the trial and execution of the king, vast bloodshed and repression during the Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every other major European power. Question 2. Answer: Question 11. What was the impact of the Russian Revolution on Russia ? (e) The destruction of crops and buildings led to over 3 million refugees in Russia. Alexander III (1881-1894) Answer: The topics like French Revolution, Nazism, Social Revolution and Colonialism are covered in the CBSE Class 9 History textbooks. Answer: Answer: Raja Rammohun Roy was a great social reformer. Cavalry. All the means of production were brought under state control. On the other hand, the radicals supported women’s suffragette movements and opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. Though industrialisation was rapid the demand for industrial goods was low . Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what was the impact of each on Soviet history. Private property was the root cause for all social ills. Download these NCERT solutions for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. He bowed to the demands of the common people and introduced many reforms. But many were unhappy because of the censorship. In Industrial areas, factory committees were formed to question the way industrialists ran their factories. Question 22. 1. The division among workers reflected in their dress and manners too. Liberals in Russia campaigned to end this state of affairs. The Tsar Nicholas II was a despotic and autocratic ruler. Why were socialists against private property and saw it as the root of all social ills ? Industrialisation broughf men, women and children to ________ . Answer: Hence, within a few years Russia emerged as a powerful industrial state. In the cities, The Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. The condition of the Russian mass had become miserable due to the First World War. Answer: Land committees were formed to handle redistribution of land, which was a popular demand for peasants and their socialist revolutionary leaders in the countryside. Liberals and revolutionaries were kept out. The Age of Social Change- This topic discusses briefly the important political traditions of the … Cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. It is true that after the fall of Tsar, Lenin led the revolutionaries. He promised to hold elections for the Duma (Russian parliament). Question 13. On February 27, Police headquarters were ransacked, people were demonstrating and raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours and democracy. He drew up a programme by which the serfs became free and owned plots of agricultural land. This day went on to be named as International Women’s Day. Question 23. Answer: The economic and military power of the Soviet Union was enhanced rapidly. The Tsar changed the voting laws and packed the Third Duma with conservative politicians. Russian Communist Party. List the names of two workers associations. The Russians suffered a humiliating defeat and signed a number of secret treaties with Japan. The Second International body was formed in 1870, to coordinate socialist efforts throughout Europe. In 1904—05, there was war between Russia and Japan. Chapter 1 of NCERT Social Science History textbook – Indian and the Contemporary World-I is titled as ‘ Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution.’ Some of the important political traditions of the nineteenth century and how they influenced change in European society will be discussed. Anti-German sentiments became high. Question 4. When the towns faced acute shortage of grains, Kulaks were thought to be responsible behind it. Answer: People of Third Estate demanded a society based on freedom and opportunities to all. On 9th January, 1905 a mass of peaceful workers with their wives and children was fired at St. Petersburg while on its way to the Winter Palace to present a petition to the Tsar. Answer: The new Duma meekly submitted to the power of the Czar. What were the main objectives of the Russian Revolutionaries ? One of the groups which liked to change the society, was the ________ . Alexander began his regime as a liberal but was later influenced by the staunch reactionary. The Tsar did not want anyone to question his authority or undermine and reduce his powers. In April 1917, the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia from his exile. 3. Question 8. Answer: NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, Question 1. Question 14. History Chapter 1 The French Revolution; History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution; History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler; History Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism; History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World Many non-Russians from outside the USSR participated in the conference of the people of the east and the Bolshevik-founded Comintern, an international union of Pro-Bolshevik socialist parties. Answer Indo-China comprises the modern countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. a. Robert Owen (1771 – 1858) The assembly rejected the Bolshevik measures, and Lenin dismissed the assembly. Thus, the new Soviet State came forward as a friend of the subjugated people and proved to be a source of great inspiration to the freedom movements of various Asian and African countries. The vast majority of Russia’s population were agriculturists. What was the impact of Industrialisation? Robert Owen was an English Manufacturer. Question 25. 2. With the growth of industrial and agricultural production, poverty started disappearing and the country moved on to the path of prosperity. The Social Democrats turned to catch the attention of industrial workers in the Russian cities and their moral mentor was Karl Marx. The political party formed in mid-1920 in India, by the inspiration of Russian Revolution was the ________ . The Bolsheviks’ influence kept growing, and the provisional government saw its power reducing. The positive aspects of the Bolshevik government on Soviet Union and its people were : Question 10. The demand for individual rights was the cause for the French Revolution. This meant the government took over the ownership and management. Power to make laws was conferred upon on elected body called the Duma. (c) Radicals were not against the existence of private property but disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. The immediate consequences of the Russian Revolution were : Who were the Liberals, Radicals and Conservatives? Lenin believed that without this status these people could never become real Russians. Explain. Answer: c. Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) Since they were declared illegal. The NCERT History Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. Which modern countries comprised Indo-China? c. Karl Marx. Answer: The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of political and social upheaval and radical change in the history of France, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights. A procession of thousands of peaceful workers along with their wives and children went to the palace of Tsar to show their anger and present a petition on Sunday, 9 January, 1905. Minimum wages and limited hours of work, Question 9. Soon after the royal troops returned from the Far East the Czar began his oppressive rule. Lenin united the peasants and workers under the Bolshevik Party and directed the revolution against the Provisional Government. Marx said that the workers had to create a society where the property was socially controlled. Answer: A moderate social revolutionary called Alexander Karensky, who introduced a number of social reforms, headed the provisional government. After some time the Czar lost much interest in the reforms and started his reactionary rule. Answer: Question 7. But many artists were unhappy because of the censorship. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions Class 9 History and Civics ICSE Solutions HISTORY The Harappan Civilization Early Vedic Civilization The Later Vedic Age India in the 6th Century BC: Rise of Jainism and Buddhism The Mauryan Empire The Sangam Age: Kingdoms and The Social and Economic […] Capitalist, Question 5. The Tsar dismissed the first Duma within 75 days and re-elected the second Duma within three months. (c) They banned the use of old title of aristocracy. (c) The Tsarina Alexandra’s German origins and poor advisers, especially a monk called Rasputin, made the autocracy unpopular. In this chapter, you will read about the rise of Hitler and the politics of … The impact of the Russian Revolution on Russia were : Question 6. He championed the cause of the workers and said that the condition of the workers would improve only if the workers overthrow the capitalists and the rule of private property. The Tsar dismissed the first 2 Dumas very quickly because he did not want his authority and powers to be questioned. A military revolutionary committee was appointed by the Soviet under Leon Trotsky to organize the seizure. The Czar was frightened at the halting of the country’s wheels of progress and finally yielded. The Czars who ruled Russia from 1801 to 1917 were … 5. Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. Get the best NCERT Solutions to Class 9 History and perform well in your History exams. Alexander III , to avenge his father’s murder, let loose the reign of oppression. Question 16. Answer: Therefore, Lenin’s name became inseparable from the Russian Revolution. They were in favour of women’s rights and wanted a Government that represented the majority of the population. Karl Marx propagated ‘Scientific Socialism’. About 85 per cent of Russian empires population earned their living from Agriculture. He moved to see the tyranny of old practices that were deeply rooted in Indian society. Question 2. Bolshevik supporters in the Army, Soviets and factories were brought together. Bolshevik Party was renamed as the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik). The Provisional Government, under the leadership of Kerenskii, could not implement the demand of the people and failed. CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities, in updated format for the new academic session 2020-21, is given here. The Czar revised the election rules in such a way that only the loyal upper class representatives were voted to power. Describe the circumstances which were responsible for the Russian Revolution. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science is given in the linked article. The major significance of the Russian revolution was the establishment of a socialist state. NCERT Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers What is Democracy? Answer: They wanted changes for the better, but wanted the changes to take place slowly, giving due respect to the past . The most important result of the Bolshevik Revolution was the establishment of a Socialist Government in Russia. Nicholas I (1825-55) As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essential commodities were shut down. Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a Provisional Government to run the country. 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