Moreover, such reallocation must be a last resort. In particular, the Church has spoken of a "family wage" whereby one breadwinner can adequately support spouse and children. Still, the sap is rising, again there is the resurrection of spring, God's continuing promise to us that he is with us always, with his comfort and joy, if we will only ask. In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. Certain teachings of the Catholic Church are very clear and relatively easy to articulate. . Then, after we had removed all the worms from his body, all he said, with a big smile, was:  "Sister, I am going home to God" — and he died. Our faith and sense of morality must lead us to protect the environment and be considerate of future generations of people living on this planet. Jesus rescued the adulteress from stoning, ate with tax collectors and prostitutes, spoke to the Samaritan woman at the well, and healed the sick and the sinner. In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Principles of Catholic social teaching. The Heart of Christ. The human person should always come before the pursuit of profit. The foundation for Catholic social thought is the proper understanding and value of the human person. If a country does not have sufficient pure drinking water, nourishing food, and a relatively toxin-free environment, human beings will not be able to achieve their full potential. Catholic teaching also calls on us to work to avoid war. It was so wonderful to see the greatness of that man who could speak like that without blaming anybody, without comparing anything. Christians through the ages have sought to take the example and words of Jesus to heart and to live them in social settings very different from ancient Palestine. A welfare or "nanny" state, offering cradle-to-grave security and attempting to provide for all human needs, expands the state beyond its proper scope and violates the principle of subsidiarity. Do you know who they are? In the words of Pope John Paul II, the foundation of Catholic social teaching "is a correct view of the human person and of his unique value, inasmuch as 'man is the only creature on earth which God willed for itself.' The Heart of Christ. — Dorothy Day. this belief of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. In cases when there is no other way to secure the basic necessities for human survival, taking them from those who have in abundance is not wrongful because these basic necessities are rightfully theirs as human beings. Life and Dignity of the Human Person: The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Human fulfillment includes a physical dimension of health and psychological well being. Every human person is created in the image and likeness of God; therefore, each person’s life and dignity must be respected. js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.4&appId=205754619489674"; Care for God’s Creation. Pacifism rejects outright waging war as morally evil for a variety of reasons, some secular (violence breeds violence) and some religious (Jesus acted non-violently). I want you to find the poor here, right in your own home first. The Catholic Church teaches seven principles of social teaching, and in those teachings are the dignity of a human being, call to a particular group or family and to participate, rights and responsibilities, giving to the wellbeing of the poor, dignity and rights of workers, solidarity, and lastly care for god’s creation. It involves mutual respect and confidence between peoples and nations. These questions notwithstanding, the fact remains that peace involves a just ordering of society. The four principles of Catholic social teaching are the dignity of the human person – which is the foundation of all other principles and the content of the Church’s social doctrine; the common good, subsidiarity and solidarity. Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all Catholic social teaching. The value of human life is being threatened by cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the use of the death penalty. In many ways, all the other principles can be traced back to this first, main idea: all human life is sacred and deserving of dignity. The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Principles of Catholic social teaching. . DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON All people are sacred, made in the image and likeness of God. As human beings, we are made to be social. In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. Sometimes the common good is misunderstood to mean simply the common desires or interests of the multitude. Seven Core Values of Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Modern Catholic social teaching has been articulated through a tradition of papal, conciliar, and episcopal documents. The emphasis is on people over things, being over having. This principle challenges us to recognize our duty to protect the rights that all people have according to the human dignity given to them by God. Consequently, every person is worthy of respect simply by virtue of being a human being. Pope John XXIII defined the common good as "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily" (Pacem in Terris 55). These principles, which are a summary of the major concepts in Catholic social teaching, should only be a starting point. The right to private property, however, is not unconditional. Published July 25, 2008. People do not lose dignity because of age, disability, lack of success, We practice solidarity by promoting peace and justice. Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person . Participation is defined by the recent Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church as when each, Solidarity, a frequent theme especially in the writings of Pope John Paul II, is more than a. Click the links below to learn about nine core principles of Catholic social teaching that guide our work, and how different communities are practicing them. These seven principles—respect for the human person, promotion of the family, the individual’s right to own property, the common good, subsidiarity, the dignity of work and workers, and pursuit of peace and care for the poor—summarize some of the essentials of Catholic social teaching from Leo XIII through Benedict XVI. But the common good, as Pope John Paul II noted, "is not simply the sum total of particular interests; rather it involves an assessment and integration of those interests on the basis of a balanced hierarchy of values; ultimately, it demands a correct understanding of the dignity and the rights of the person" (Centesimus Annus 47). This principle means that all life is sacred; every person is precious in the eyes of God from conception to natural death. Human life is sacred, and the dignity of the human person is the starting point for a moral vision for society. All people have the right to participate as citizens in society, seeking the common good. Some Christian thinkers conceive of the state or government as being established simply to repress evil desires and evil people. Keep up and God bless your ministry. It is a document that still has relevance today as we continue to seek protection for the dignity of work and the rights of workers. He promised the most severe punishments for those who were indifferent to the plight of the poor: Christians through the ages have sought to take the example and words of Jesus to heart and to live them in social settings very different from ancient Palestine. "The Church’s social teaching is a rich treasure of wisdom about building a just society and living lives of holiness amidst the challenges of modern society. Catholic social teaching is complex, linked with changing social conditions and deepening understandings of both the work of God in history and ethical principles. They should be the foundation on which our we place our understanding of our role in society. Human flourishing is multifaceted because the human being as such has many dimensions. The Catholic Church from at least the time of Augustine has endorsed "just war theory." 1. Jared Dees is the creator of The Religion Teacher and the author of 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator & Christ in the Classroom. It continually develops through observation, analysis, and action. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. . This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Ten Principles HUMAN DIGNITY In a world warped by materialism and declining respect for human life, the Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. This just order of society also includes solicitude for the poor. The common good includes all these elements, the loss of any one of which can hinder our seeking of fulfillment. This principle is grounded in the idea that the person is made in the image of God. Respect for Life. The ultimate fulfillment of every human person can be found only in God, but the common good helps groups and individuals to reach this ultimate good. Principles of Catholic Social Teaching (compiled by Fr Paul Devitt) Principle 1 Dignity of the Human Person. The human person is both sacred and social. The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; Pope John Paul II put the point as follows: The government has many necessary and indispensable functions to play, roles that cannot be accomplished by individuals acting alone or even by smaller groups in society. Solidarity . View Resource >> 4.36 MB Related All people are obligated to work towards making the common good a greater and greater reality. People of good will, including Catholics who are attempting to put into action Catholic social teaching, may legitimately disagree about whether a given piece of legislation or governmental intervention is warranted to alleviate a social problem. Abraham Lincoln wrote:  "The legitimate object of government is to do for a community of people whatever they need to have done, but cannot do at all or cannot so well do, for themselves — in their separate and individual capacities." A person's ability to act freely is greatly hindered if he is not allowed to own anything. Administration of the criminal justice system is another example of a matter that properly pertains to government. Explore the seven principles of Catholic Social Teaching. Finally, we are to show respect for the Creator by our stewardship of creation. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; The Seven Main Principles of Catholic Social Teaching. The first Catholic Social Teaching teaches us to honor and respect everyone's life that has been given to them. Kaczor lives in Los Angeles, Calif. with his wife and seven children. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Community and the Common Good. The depth and richness of this tradition can be understood best through a direct reading of these documents. This is the foundation of all social teaching principles. Life and Dignity of the Human Person Call to Family, Community, and Participation Rights and Responsibilities Option for the Poor and Vulnerable The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers Solidarity Care for God’s Creation This question was posed in dramatic fashion in Les Miserables. In our The following paragraphs describe the seven themes of Catholic social teaching. Rather, human work participates in and reflects God's creative and providential care of the universe. National defense, interstate cooperation, and treaties with other nations are obvious examples of matters properly undertaken by the federal government. Human life is sacred, and the dignity of the human person is … This overreaching by the state leads to situations that are both inefficient and detrimental to human welfare: When should the state intervene and when should governmental authority refrain? They should inspire us to take responsibility to protect the rights and dignity of all people, especially those in most need. As noted, Catholic social teaching does not address exactly how this should be done in every society. Any honest work can be sanctified, offered to God, and made holy through the intentions of the worker and the excellence of the work done. This principle means putting the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable members of our society first and mending the divisions between the rich and poor. The human person is not simply an individual but is also a member of a community. We believe in Jesus, truly God and truly a human being. “Christian families can [be a sign of unity for the world] by presenting to their children a model of life based on the values of truth, freedom, justice, and love.” St. John Paul II, The Family in the Modern World, no. The Catholic Church has a wide-ranging and many-layered collection of teachings about social justice issues. How many principles of Catholic social teaching are there? We believe in seven sacraments and the infallibility of the pope. “Whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.” Matthew 25:40, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring glad tidings to the poor.” Luke 4:18. The Seven Principles of Catholic Social Teaching • Life and Dignity of the Human Person – All people are sacred, made in the image and likeness of God. Catholic social teaching, on the other hand, is difficult to summarize so neatly. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. It may be that private and voluntary initiatives of religious groups (such as St. Vincent de Paul) and secular groups (such as the United Way) should take place. This video is a part of The Religion Teacher’s Catholic Social Teaching Activity Pack. Call to Family, Community, and Participation. and look around at the tables filled with the unutterably poor who are going through their long-continuing crucifixion. The Church's Social Teaching is a rich treasure of wisdom about building a just society and living lives of holiness amidst the challenges of modern society.Modern Catholic Social Teaching has been articulated through a tradition of papal, conciliar, and episcopal documents. We are to love one another as Christ loved us. The mystery of poverty is that by sharing in it, making ourselves poor in giving to others, we increase our knowledge of and belief in love. One may not take basic necessities if these necessities could be provided through one's own work or through the voluntary assistance of others, be it governmental agencies or private charities. The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers. Christ’s message of love and service also embodied a call for social change. And find out about your next-door neighbors. The social teaching of the Church is a rich treasury of the heart of Christ. Non-Catholics also have discovered this principle. . Be that good news to your own people first. Preferential Option for the Poor . It involves collaboration and binding agreements.” There is a close relationship in Catholic teaching between peace and justice. Thus, each person deserves to be treated with respect and dignity. There is so much hatred, so much misery, and we with our prayer, with our sacrifice, are beginning at home. With human dignity at its centre, a holistic approach to development founded on the principles of CST, is what Pope Paul VI called ‘authentic development’. Catholic social teaching applies Gospel values such as love, peace, justice, compassion, reconciliation, service and community to modern social problems. It involves mutual respect and confidence between peoples and nations. Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Realism, in the context of the ethics of war, contends that war has no rules whatsoever, aside perhaps from survival of the fittest. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. What are the 7 principles of Catholic social teaching? I have been using your materials for my Religious Education classes here in Papua New Guinea since three years past. Modern Catholic social teaching has been articulated through a tradition of papal, conciliar, and episcopal documents. Reprinted with permission from Catholic Answers. He shone a light on the injustice and exploitation of workers by the rich during the Industrial Revolution. The emphasis is on people over things, being over having. We believe in God. The Principle of Respect for Human Dignity. These seven principles — respect for the human person, promotion of the family, the individual's right to own property, the common good, subsidiarity, the dignity of work and workers, and pursuit of peace and care for the poor — summarize some of the essentials of … The wider social network plays an important role in promoting the family. According to Genesis, God not only creates man but puts him to work naming the animals and caring for the garden. This emphasizes people over things, being over having. These principles outline the Church’s response to God’s call to take action in the world for others. It is most surely an exercise of faith for us to see Christ in each other. It may be that businesses should be compelled by law or voluntarily adopt policies that aid the poor. In these brief reflections, we highlight several of the key themes that are at the heart of our Catholic social tradition. Christ’s message of love and service also embodied a call for social change. Every person--regardless of race, sex, age, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, employment or economic status, health, intelligence, achievement or any other differentiating characteristic--is worthy of respect. We are social beings and should protect the institutions that strengthen our community like marriage and family. We are our brothers’ and sisters’ keepers, wherever they may be. This is a bird’s eye view of Catholic Social Teaching and only begins to scratch the surface. Such questions are difficult to answer outside of the concrete situation, for they depend upon prudential judgments about particular situations. However, at the heart of Catholic social teaching is something both simple and noble:  an effort to make the actions and words of Jesus real again today to transform and uplift social life for all people in light of the gospel. Human dignity emerges neither from what people accomplish or own, but because we are created in the image and likeness of God. The premier magazine of Catholic apologetics and evangelization for more than two decades, Catholic Answers Magazine helps build your faith and your ability to defend it. Pope Leo XIII wrote what may be seen as the first major Catholic social teaching document, Rerum Novarum, or Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor, in order to protect the rights of workers in these situations. It may be that families and private persons should undertake the responsibility. Indeed, without possessions of any kind, a person can be reduced to a kind of slavery in which labor is not rewarded and speaking against the exercise of state authority is taken at enormous risk. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. The Seven Main Principles of Catholic Social Teaching. Catholic social teaching calls us all to work for the common good, help build a just society, uphold the dignity of human life and lift up our poor and vulnerable brothers and sisters. CST 101 is a collaborative 7-part video series about Catholic Social Teaching Principles, with accompanying discussion guides, posters and handouts, presented by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and Catholic Relief Services on Catholic social teaching. As articulated by the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the criteria for a just war include that: Recent discussions have addressed the question of whether a "preemptive" war, a war launched into order to prevent attack, could be justified according to traditional just war teaching. Jared's Upcoming Speaking Events →. Even much earlier, St. Thomas Aquinas — whose writings are of central importance in understanding the foundations of Catholic social teaching — gave three reasons why private property is essential to human flourishing: In addition to these reasons, private property also helps to secure human freedom. Nevertheless, all Catholics are obliged to work to find solutions to contemporary social problems in light of the Gospel and their best practical wisdom. Unfortunately, many lives are often lost due to abortion, murder, war, and euthanasia. Family, Community and Participation. However, the common good, as important as it is, is not the greatest good. 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