There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. The Company officially promoted the English language. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. It rarely had to use military power. British historians have called it a Mutiny – confined to the army which did not command the support of the people at large. The British government was now directly responsible for ruling India. But the Company always turned down such requests. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. Q 3: What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use? This is an animated video that explains about the causes of the revolt of 1857. The answer to this question lay in Red Fort, in Delhi. GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] That was where the aging Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar had been residing. (ii) Provided a sense of security to the local rulers − The ruling chiefs of the country were assured that their territories would never be annexed by the British. B. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. This demand was refused by the British. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt of 1857 Notes. Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests but they failed. Ans: During the revolt, the defeat of the British forces in a number of battles caused a number of uprisings against the British in various Indian states. They would be called princes. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. After them, the people of various Indian towns and villages also rose up in rebellion and rallied around local leaders, zamindars and chiefs. The British historians have treated the great uprising of 1857 as a sepoy mutiny. The Mutiny of 1857: India's First Rebellion Against the British, Examples NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History | Free PDF History Guide: Chapters with Concepts, Videos and Examples Quick summary with Stories Q6: What impact did Bahadur Shah Zafar’s support to the rebellion have on the people and the ruling families? Ultimately, the Company annexed the kingdom as per the Doctrine of Lapse. 1. The attack by Mangal Pandey is considered one of the first acts of what came to be known as the Great Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny. Discuss the nature of the Uprising/Revolt of 1857. Ever since the Vellore Mutiny, unofficial political committees of soldiers were a regular feature of army life in India. Section :- (B) The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. The Company was also working on its plan to bring the Mughal dynasty to an end. A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. Required fields are marked *. A significant mutiny to happen before the 1857 Revolt was the Vellore (Tamil Nadu, South India) Mutiny of 1806 which was brutally crushed by British officers and soldiers. In 1850, a new law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit property of his ancestors. In 1849, it was announced by Governor General Dalhousie that after the death of Bahadur Shah Zafar the family of the king would be shifted out of the Red Fort. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt Of 1857 Notes. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … The nature of the 1857 event has become so emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives. This video or animation explains the revolt of 1857 which is one of the major event in the struggle for Indian Independence. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. They felt that the British were trying to insult their religions. Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 18 The Revolt of 1857. However, by the Government of India Actof British Parliament in 1858, this authority was divested from the Board of Control and the East Indian Company and was entrusted to the Secretary of State for India aided by a council. Causes of the Revolt: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. Origin of the Mutiny . The nature of revolt of 1857 was backward looking orientation : * There was no sense of nationalism , self interest was at hype : Evident from Delhi where Bahadur Shah Zafar raised in revolt in order to revive Mughal’s past glory. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. The Indian sepoys were not happy about their pay, allowances and conditions of service. In 1824, when the sepoys were told to go to Burma by the sea route they refused to follow the order. The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. This video is from Kriti Educational Videos. This law made it easier to convert to Christianity. This law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit the property of his ancestors. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? Ans: In 1850, a new law was passed to make conversion to Christianity easier. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. The peasants were not happy with the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. The villages took to arms and the landlords led them. (vi) Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion − The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with. 8. All the British historians, in particular. Q5: What could be the reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857? A widespread popular rebellion developed in the region of Awadh in particular. Various Aspects of “The Rebellion of 1857” Name :- Amit Mishra Class :- 8th Section :- (B) Roll No. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. They had families living in the villages. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? Though a reluctant leader at first, Bahadur Shah did play an important role in the rebellion. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. For this, the sepoys were severely punished. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. Ans: Though the rebels were determined to bring the East India Company’s rule in country to an end, they were faced with the question as to who would rule the land once the space of power fell vacant. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon in October 1858. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. The Mutiny of 1857: India's First Rebellion Against the British, Examples NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History | Free PDF History Guide: Chapters with Concepts, Videos and Examples Quick summary with Stories The name of the Mughal king was removed from the coins minted by the Company. Ans: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi wanted the East India Company to recognise her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom after the death of her husband. Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging them to come forward and support the rebellion. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. NATURE OF REVOLT There is a great controversy amongst the scholars over the nature of the revolt of 1857. were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. "In this instan From 1757 to 1857, the Company successfully annexed various Indian states, virtually unopposed, by using a variety of political, economic and diplomatic methods. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. The emperor wrote letters to the various chiefs and rulers of the country to come forward and organise a confederacy of Indian states to fight the British. The Company, through various measures, ensured that the dynasty came to an end. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. Educated middle-class people also were behind the British power. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … Theme: Your email address will not be published. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. Your email address will not be published. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. It started essentially as a sepoy mutiny but was soon joined by the civilians from different classes viz. After 1830, Christian missionaries were allowed to function freely and they could even own land and property. 1. Both Hindus and Muslim sepoys were offended by the introduction of these cartridges. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. Name :- Amit Mishra These peasants, Zamindars, local rulers etc. This not only strengthened the rebel forces, but also gave a national character to the rebellion. On the one hand, they tried and hanged a number of rebel leaders who had challenged their authority and could do so again in the future. Roll No. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. These It was a civil rebellion led by the Sepoys. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. Gradually they established their full control over India. Q4: How did the last Mughal emperor live the last years of his life? The British took several steps to reform the society. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … Having this symbolic head inspired the rebels to fight the British with renewed confidence, hope and courage. B) Modern educated Indians looked at it as backward looking. However, the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt. Though Mughals had lost their earlier authority, a Mughal emperor’s word still held importance for quite a number of smaller rulers and chieftains. So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. The Company also took away their revenues and territories in stages. Causes of 1857 Revolt. :- 03 2. On the other hand, they tried their best to win back the loyalty of the people. Revision worksheets, Sample papers, Question banks and easy to learn study notes for all classes and subjects based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. After the death of her husband, she wanted her adopted son to be recognized as the heir to the kingdom. (iv) Reorganised the army − The proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced and the number of European soldiers in the army was increased. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the … The presence of British Residents in the courts further eroded their authority and curtailed their freedom to administer their kingdoms. 8. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. Class :- 8th The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. After his death, none of his descendants would be recognized as kings. You can Read First. They were assured that they would be allowed to continue to enjoy traditional rights over their lands. nature of their rule. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. So, they also reacted to what was happening in the countryside. Table of Contents. nature of their rule. Ans: After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal emperors held only symbolic value. Answer: There are divergent view regarding the nature of the outbreak of 1857. Various Aspects of “The Rebellion of 1857” Name :- Amit Mishra Class :- 8th Section :- (B) Roll No. Threatened by the expansion of the British rule, many of them felt that if the Mughal emperor could rule again, they too would be able to rule their own territories once more. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s … The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. British historian have only considered it as a “sepoy mutiny”, they consider its immediate cause the greased cartridges only. The British had appointed Residents in many courts. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This interpretation is not correct. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. There are differences of opinions amongst historians about the character of this great revolt. There are two major views regarding the nature of the Revolt of 1857. Match the following: (v) Treated the Muslims with suspicion and hostility − Considering them to be responsible for the rebellion in a big way, the British confiscated the land and property of Muslims on a large scale. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. C) Indian soldiers were well equipped D) There was a coherent ideology during the revolt. Though the g… An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. Those who had rebelled were told that if they submitted to the British, and if they had not killed any white people, they would remain safe and their rights and claims to land would not be denied. 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