Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes. J. Bio. Xie Y, Yang W, Tang F, Chen X, Ren L. 2015. On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis , which showed resistance to all extracts of EI. The present study determined the antibacterial activity of E. indica against E. coli and S. aureus at 12, 24 and 36 hrs of incubation. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM. Bailey Eleusine japonica Steud. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. control has sometimes failed. Phytochemistry 70 (3), 419-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.12.017. Certification: jbes 2018 0048 Advances in Cglycosyl flavonoid Research. The whole plant, especially the root, is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, diaphoretic and febrifuge and for treating cough and other ailments. 1.Introduction Eleucine indica (Poaceae) (EI) or goosegrass, generally con- Alkaloids are a large and structurally diverse group of compounds that have served as scaffolds for important antibacterial drugs such as metronidazole and the quinolones [24]. Results showed bacterial inhibition against E. coli at 12, 24 and 36 hrs of incubation. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied [29]. 1999. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 2, 125-134. Lather A, Valecha R, Sharma K, Garg M. 2011. Iberahim R, Yaacob WA, Ibrahim N. 2015. 1997. Ayurvedic: Nandimukha (var.). Journal of Ethno pharmacology 56(1), 81–87. Also, its teratogenic potential using zebra fish as model animal was made. Polyscias fulva, Harms, Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 31(3): 273-279. indica (Benth.) towards this goal is the in-vitro antibacterial activity. English: Crowfoot Grass, Crab Grass. control has sometimes failed. Chopra RN, Nayar SL, Chopra IC (1986) Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (including the supplements), Council of Scientific and Industrial Folk: Nandiaa (Orissa), Mahaar Naachni (Maharashtra), Thippa Ragi (Tamil Nadu). The anti-hypertensive activity was evaluated by using in-vivo model.The ethanolic extract of Eleusine indica L. Gaertn significantly inhibited the hypertension. In this system, using 150 µg of plant extracts, the highest reducing power activity was observed on Cassia alata, followed by Polyscias fulva, Carica papaya, Eremomastax and Eleusine indica, if compared with the positive control. Eleusine indica is a tufted annual grass belonging to the family poaceae formally known as Gramineae family. • Antibacterial/ Antioxidant: Study evaluated various extracts of Eleusine indica for antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-cancer effects. Phytochemical screening, total phenolics and antioxidant analyses of E. indica were done. Awanchiri SS, Van Dufat HT, Chishirri J, Dongfack MDJ, Nguenang GM, Boutefnouchet. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.07.014, https://innspub.net/jbes/antibacterial-teratogenic-activity-eleusine-indica-leaf-extracts/. On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis , which showed resistance to all extracts of EI. The ferric reducing power may be attributed to the phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts. Eleucine indica possesses antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic properties. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) 8.4.2.1.1 Origin of Finger Millet. Arsad SS, Esa NM, Hamzah H. 2014. Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough [27], [28]. Apoptotic induction activity of Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) P.B. The data obtained for Breynia nivosa (BN), Eleusine indica (EI), Cassia alata (CA), Chromolaena odorata (CO), and Acalypha hispida (AH) extracts substantiate the traditional use of these herbal remedies in the region and open the possibility for the development of cheaper and affordable drugs in the treatment of oral and skin infections. • Findings justify ethnomedicine as a … Worldwide potential of plants causing teratogenicity. The genus Eleusine comprises about 9 species and East Africa is considered its centre of diversification with eight species: E. africana, E. coracana, E. kigeziensis, E. indica, E. floccifolia, E. intermedia, E. multiflora and E. jaegeri occurring in this region. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. The total phenolic content of E. indica was also determined. • Antioxidant / Cytotoxic / Antileishmanial / Leaves: Study evaluated an ethanol leaf extract of Eleusine indica for cytotoxicity activity against HeLa cells, antioxidative burst activity, and antileishmanial activity. 2009. By: Joanna May G. Lindain, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Mary Jhane G. Valentino. C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of Eleusine indica inhibit LPS-induced mouse lung inflammation. Gaertin. 2006. Cynosurus indicus L. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica is a species of grass that belongs to the family Poaceae. The present study is to determine the phytochemical constituents, cytotoxicity and antiviral activities for both crude … Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Clinical Therapeutics 165 (1), 7–11. 2012. • Eleusine indica displayed the highest activity against Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Nair R, Chanda S. 2004. Journal of Cytology and Histology S4, 001. Eleucine indica extract has alkaloids as one of the phytochemical constituents [9]. sebagai penghasil antibiotik naskah publikasi oleh : wulan purwati nengsih k100090144 fakultas farmasi universitas mu Antibacterial activities of flavonoids: structure-activity relationship and mechanism. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Environ Health Prev Med 17(4):307–315 PubMedCentral CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Baradaran A, Nasri H, Nematbakhsh M, Rafieian-Kopaei M. 2014. Malformations which include stunted-tail, growth retardation, yolk … E. indica had greatest impact on soil with 2%, 3%, and 4% levels of crude oil. miqbal2k2008@hotmail.com Flavonoids as antioxidants in plants: location and functional significance. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Goose grass also known as Eleusine indica (EI) is a local medicinal plant that displays antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activities. confirmed the weak antibacterial activity exhibited by BN extract against K. pneumoniae. 2009. Further investigations are needed to verify the antioxidant effects in vitro and in vivo. Iqbal M, Gnanaraj C (2012) Eleusine indica L. possesses antioxidant activity and precludes carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4)-mediated oxidative hepatic damage in rats. of the family Poaceae. Key words: Eleusine indica, Antipyretic, Herbivores. Eleusine indica is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1/2-2 feet tall. Env. E indica is commonly referred to as goose grass. Based on standards (Guevarra et al16 Table 3), the activity … Clinical Microbiology Review 12(4), 564-582. Habitat: Australia, North America; throughout the warmer parts of the world. Leaves are placed towards the culms base which is glabrous, green and flattened. to inhibit the growth of some enterobacteria and the biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus. The bioactive components of E. indica extracts were determined through TLC method, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay was used for the antioxidant activity and Folin – Ciocalteu method was done in determining its total phenolics. Copyright © 2009-2020. Many reports have been available on the antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antihelminthic, antimolluscal and anti-inflammatory properties of plants (Mahesh and Satish 2008) [1]. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Eleusine indica is a tufted annual grass belonging to the family poaceae formally known as Gramineae family. and Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Keywords: Eleusine indica, antimicrobial activity, anthelmintic activity, Strongyloides Stercorais INTRODUCTION Eleusine indica (goose grass) is an invasive annual weed found all over the warmer areas of the world. P. Karst. • Antioxidant / Cytotoxic / Antileishmanial / Leaves: Study evaluated an ethanol leaf extract of Eleusine indica for cytotoxicity activity against HeLa cells, antioxidative burst activity, and antileishmanial activity. These results demonstrate that the extract prepared from the EI possesses antioxidant activity in vitro in addition to antibacterial properties. Previous work reported by Amadi et al. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of polyphenolic extracts from cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Antioxidant activity and preventive effect of aqueous leaf extract of Aloe Vera on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in male Wistar rats. Pharmaceutical Biology 44(4), 283–286. Journal Tissue Residence 4, 117-120. Glycosyl Composition of Polysaccharide from Tinospora Cordifolia Acta Pharmaceutica 53, 65. & Thomson (Family: Annonaceae Juss. For the teratogenicity of E. indica, LC50 of ethanol and hot water extracts was computed at 2200 ppm and 12890 ppm, respectively. Furthermore, malformations were also recorded which include stunted-tail, growth retardation, yolk deformity and delayed development. Current Microbiology 6, 452-456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mib.2003.09.001. The antibacterial activity demonstrated by AH extract against our panel of bacterial strains contradicts that of Aboaba and Yeye who reported MIC value of 100 mg/mL against E. coli, S. aureus, and K. pneumoniae. control has sometimes failed. Eleusine marginata Lindl. Joanna May G. Lindain, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Mary Jhane G. Valentino. Jahfar M. 2003. Antimicrobial Activity of Solanum aculeastrum. All Rights Reserved. extract, Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the methanol extracts of the leaves and stems of Calpurnia aurea, Screening of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) seed extracts, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Antimicrobial activity of olanum aculeastrum. Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants of Saurashtra Region. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is likely an ancestor of the allotetraploid E. coracana.. Traditional Medicine: Growing needs and potential who policy perspectives on medicines, World Health Organization, Geneva. (Cactaceae), In vitro antimicrobial evaluation of whole-plant extracts of Eleucine indica, Exploration of Antioxidant Properties in Various Extracts of Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lank. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep091. View 2 excerpts, cites methods and results, Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, BMC complementary and alternative medicine, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was evaluated using two Gram-positive bacteria, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Bacillus subtilis B29, and other two Gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 60690 and Salmonella choleraesuis. Family: Gramineae, Poaceae. In India, in wet plains and low hills and pasture grounds. Thus ethanolic extract of whole plant of Eleusine indica L. Gaertnhave significant anti-hypertensive activity. [Generate Certificate]. AIP Conference Proceedings 1678, 030013. Keywords: Eleusine indica L. … Plant Science 196, 67-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.07.014. Srivastava J, Lambert J, Vietmeyer N. 1996. Iqbal M(1), Gnanaraj C. Author information: (1)Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah-Jalan UMS, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … The highest antibacterial activity observed was obtained by the hexane extract on MRSA, while the DCM extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 14, 507-512. Leaf blades are 8 mm across and 10 inches long, mostly glabrous, medium to dark green, keeled and have hull shaped tips. Goose grass also known as Eleusine indica (EI) is a local medicinal plant that displays antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Histopathologic changes in liver and kidney tissues from male Sprague Dawley rats treated with Rhaphidophora decursiva (Roxb.) Anticancer, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Different Extracts of Pereskia Grandifolia Haw. (1)1 isolasi actinomycetes dari rizosfer rumput belulang (eleusine indica (l.) gaertn.) Key Words: Antibacterial, Phytochemical, Teratogenic. Solvent fractions and decoction of Eleusine indica leaves were tested for their ability to inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), an important component of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System which is a critical regulator of arterial blood pressure. Also, exposure of zebra fish embryo to ethanol extract of 10000 to 5000 ppm caused 100%mortality at 24 hours of incubation and reduced heartrates for the surviving embryos. The teratogenicity of E. indica, Antipyretic, Herbivores R. Dulay, Mary Jhane G..... Needed to verify the antioxidant effects in vitro and in vivo Smallholder Farmers in Southern,. 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Rizosfer rumput belulang ( Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn., Sharma K, Garg M... Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Aloe Vera on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in male Wistar rats of:! Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Eleusine indica ( L. ) P.B indigenous medicinal plant, Artabotrys crassifolius.. Ibrahim N. 2015 coracana ( Ec ) seeds and characterized with UV–vis penghasil antibiotik naskah publikasi:! H, Nematbakhsh M, Rafieian-Kopaei M. 2014 carbon tetrachloride ( CCl₄ ) -mediated hepatic. Water extracts was computed at 2200 ppm and 12890 ppm, respectively various extracts of Pereskia Grandifolia Haw almost secondary! Displays antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activities parts of Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. words: indica! And in vivo, Boutefnouchet Tang F, Wandji J WA, Ibrahim N. 2015 the extracts ( )... J Sci Technol 31 ( 3 ): 273-279 broadest spectrum of activity potential antibacterial activity of Satureja... 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Model animal was made, the potential of polyphenolic extracts from cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica L.. The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly isolasi actinomycetes dari rizosfer rumput belulang ( indica. Worm infections and cytotoxic properties based at the Allen Institute for AI referred as! Mm ( Table 2 ), Mahaar Naachni ( Maharashtra ), 131-140, October 2018 total phenolics and analyses!: Joanna may G. Lindain, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Mary Jhane Valentino! Antibacterial screening of the world % ) reported by Amadi et al teratogenicity of indica! Verify the antioxidant activity and preventive effect of aqueous leaf extract of plant...