The bones of cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India”. Annexation of territories by the British also annoyed the sepoys. The Causes Of The Rebellion. It exhibited the popular opinion of Indians, and brought together the disgruntled sections of the society. • military causes. The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. Lack of Societal Alternative • economic causes. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857 and Its Causes, The Revolt of 1857 in India (Study Notes), Revolt of 1857 in India : Nature and Results, The Revolt of 1857 in India: Causes, Spread and Other Details, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. The parliamentary reports of 1840 also record that while the British cotton and silk goods imported into India paid a duty of VA per cent and woolen goods 2 per cent, Indian cotton goods exported to Britain paid 10 per cent, silk goods 20 per cent and the woolen goods 30 per cent. Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. This was my favourite part here. In a way, partially the outburst of 1857 was a revolt of the old against the new, of Indian conservatism against the arrogant British hegemony and Christian indoctrination. All thanks to SOORAJ SIR. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Thanks a lot sir…. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Sooraj Sir has been a guiding angel at every step of my life. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. When it comes to choosing a coaching, there are many that can take away your breath, even in a literal sense they can. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. (Find a list of competitive exams we cover here. Thank you sir. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. Thanks a lot sir for all the love, guidance, and motivation. No. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every … Humiliation of the Indian sepoys. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Every extra class was like adding extra marks to our board exams. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The rebellious army reached Delhi on May 12, 1857. All the notes, soft copies, links, helped me to reach where I am today. The letter reads as follows: “As all India obeyed one government as in all parts of the country kept up constant communication with the other by means of the electric telegraph – and as the Railway system united the extremes of the Peninsula, it was necessary that there should be one religion also, and therefore that everyone should embrace Chris­tianity”. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. The prominent leaders of 1857 revolt were: (i) The Rani of Jhansi who sacrificed her life fighting in June 1858. The revolt was not an abrupt event but rather it was the summit of a century-long convention of furious well-known protection from British control. [0.3] The Rebellion of 1857 did not originate from a single cause, but from a complication of causes. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Our instructor here at Target Academy will change your paradigm of studying. The sepoys’ revolts were not a new phenomena and go back to the first decade of the 19th century. The article is in continuation of our British India History articles. The mutiny of sepoys started at Barackpore on 29 March, 1857 spread to Meerut by May 1857, and to Delhi by 12 May, 1857. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. The most well-known incident is that of Mangal Pandey, who was the first person to point a gun at a British officer and was later hanged for this. 11.5. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. It was truly a blessing to be here. the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. He listens to our problems, gives solutions, discusses current affairs to expand our horizon. You will be in a coaching of 20-30 students but you will get the feel of a private tuition with the personal attention he pays to each student. The Barons revolted and captured London, forcing King John to draw a negotiation. However, recent researches have proved that … The event of March 29, 1857 of Barrackpore kindled the spirits of other sepoys and by the 11 May, 1857, almost half of the sepoys joined the great revolt. There was a time when I wanted to drop out of science… After meeting sir, I LOOOVED studying science! Thus, by 1857 the situation was very stormy and ready for inflammation by any factor and the greased cartridge affair acted as the last straw on the camel’s back. I just want to say I will always be grateful to you for always being a helping hand to me. My source of inspiration, even after all these years, still lies within the four walls of Target Academy. Creation of a new administrative cadre, replacement of Persian by English and the colonial rule which created hardships to all sections of people and lack of personal touch between the ruler and the ruled led to a sort of distrust in the administrative set-up. Finally, the suspicion that the greased cartridge which was used in Enfield rifles was filled with the fat of cow and pig made the sepoys to openly rebel by killing a British officer. Read more General Awareness articles in our Target General Studies section. Fig. 17. Added to thepolitical and administrative distrust and hatred, the economic exploitation, the social and religious discrimination of superiority complex viewing the Indians as racially inferior and culturally backward and their belief that God had created the white men to civilize the Indians and intol­erance of the idolatry of the Hindus by the Christian missionaries also created distrust between the natives and the British. Therefore, it was a protest by sepoys against the Company. In one year, this coaching centre turned my incredulity of choosing Science into a confidence that is so often praised. Thank you so much for being a great teacher. The rebels proclaimed Fettah Hyder as their new ruler, and hoisted tiger-stripped flag of Tipu Sultan. It is so, as the one hundred years penetration of the British East India into different parts of India through wars and diplomacy and the introduction of alien revenue, judicial social intervention methods and language of English as the medium of instruction at the school and collegiate level destabilized the existing pre-British socio-cultural fabric. By July 1858, the revolt was totally crushed but for local risings in certain areas. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. III. Target Academy is not just a brilliant coaching for the JEE aspirants but also a great personality development institution. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. Encouraged by the success at Delhi, the sepoys of Lucknow, Bareilly, Kanpur, Jhansi, Central India, Bundelkhand, etc., rebelled and by the middle of June 1857, the whole of Northern India was in revolt. Definitely the 1857 revolt was an eye-opener to the British as well as to the Indians. I think it is wrong to sacrifice the comforts of my family for the sake of the East Indian labourer because his condition happens to be worse than mine”. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. All these leaders no doubt were affected by the policies of the British in the last hundred years and had genuine grievance against the British. The 1857 revolt sowed the seeds of Indian Nationalism. Important Facts: The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 … Further, the missionary activities of charitable and philanthropic nature were looked with suspicion as the missionaries used to heckle the Hindus for worshipping many gods and goddesses, and their efforts to convert to Christianity many economically and socially backward community people and in their educational institutions they began to openly canvas about Christianity. Every lecture was as effective as a world class quality education system. The levels of exploitation of Indians were so high, that even the British felt so sad and disturbed that they wrote, “India is as much a manufacturing country as she is an agricultural one. As regards the RebeIlion of 1857, the fact is, that for a long period, many grievances had been rankling in the hearts of the people. In 1824, the sepoys of Barrakpore did not agree to proceed to Burma as their custom was against the crossing of the sea which results in the loss of the caste. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. Owing to their colonial policies of economic exploitation, industry, trade commerce and agriculture languished and India became de-industrialized, impoverished and debt-ridden, while, William Bentinck himself admitted that by 1833-34 “The misery hardly finds a parallel in the history of commerce. She is a manufacturing country; her manufacturers of various descriptions have existed for ages, and have never been able to be completed by any nation wherever fair play has been given to them. I am glad I met you and came to Target Academy! For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. Secret associations began to form and meetings were held in which. Various land revenue settlements introduced by the British; Dalhousie’s doctrine of lapse. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. The best teacher I have ever found, my role model. It helped me to get good marks in boards as well as a really great college. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. What is the Magna Carta? Moving back 2 centuries, Britishers actually entered India at the start of the 17th century in 1611, and in 1613 with the help of Mughal Emperor in Surat, they established East India Company for trading purposes. The intervention of the British in social traditions by prohibiting the practice of Sati in 1829, passing laws relating to succession of property in 1832 and 1856, Widow Remarriage Act in 1856 and the Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 further strengthened the view of the conservatives that the Hindu religion and customs were being tampered by the British with the specific objective of Christianizing India. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. There were counseling sessions with Sooraj Sir, wherein he would sit for hours and listen to what I had to say, by the end of that session I would be full of motivation and inspiration, equipped with the ideal solution to my problem. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. 3. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to th… Sir’s teaching pattern is very distinguished and interesting. Target Academy Rocks!!! Thanks a ton Sir! In this revolt, human loss on both sides was considerable. Kennedy also observed, “Whatever misfortune may come on us, so long as our empire in India continues, so long let us not forget that our chief work of the propagation of Christianity in the land until Hindustan from Cape Comorin to the Himalayas, embraces the religion of Christ and until it condemns the Hindu and Muslim religions, our effort must continue persis­tently. Grievances of the educated Indians. In this article of Target General Studies, we have covered a very important topic – the Vellore Mutiny and the Revolt of 1857 in British India. Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. This severely hurt the religious sentiments of the sepoys who were mainly Hindus and Muslims. With Sooraj Sir, you get to explore your strengths and work on your weaknesses. which angered the local ruler, who had to now liv… Revolt of 1857 / Causes / India's First War of Independence / History for UPSC SSC NCERT Easily understands the facts related to Causes of Revolt of 1857. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. South India was compar­atively peaceful because of the lukewarm support to the cause of the sepoys. The period after the revolt saw major changes in … The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. As a result of the British economic exploitation all classes of people, peasants, landlords, traders, industrialists, labourers and middle class of India were badly affected and it is no exaggeration to state that unlimited poverty enveloped the entire society and made India an underdeveloped country. Added to the above griev­ances, there was professional discontentment among the sepoys for the following reasons: (i) The British paid a paltry amount of Rs 7 per month to an infantry sepoy, (ii) The British paid Rs 27 for a cavalry sawar from which he had to meet the cost of maintaining uniform, food and upkeep of the horse, and. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. No single segment of population welcomed the rule of the British by 1857. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at … At Delhi, the sepoys selected Bahadur Shah Zafar as their leader and declared him as the emperor of India. Special attention is paid to competitive exams through Target+ courses, due to which I got to learn with the brightest minds from various schools in Lucknow. 19. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. Image Source: indianstampghar.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/scan00112.jpg. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. Though the revolt was completely suppressed, it shook the British foundation in India. What was the Immediate Cause Revolt of 1857? All these made the Indians come to the conclusion that their religion was in danger and this suspicion aroused the religious and social sentiment of the Hindus against the British. Thank you Sir for the all round guidance in shaping my future. The Revolt of 1857, free of its genuine nature and character, was exceptional to the point that it appeared for a period that the Company’s Raj would disappear from India until the spring of 1858, when demand was restored again by the driving regal forces. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. For this work, we must make all efforts we can and use all power and all the authority in our hands”. • social and religious causes. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the. All these things cannot be found in any coaching… and this was only possible because of one man… SOORAJ SIR. So, we are going to see in-depth about the revolt of 1857 and the uprising before that too. 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